The growth of towns
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The Growth of Towns. SEC 3 Ch. 5. The Rights of Townspeople. As towns started to grow. People started to realize they did not fit into the manorial system. They started to make their living by making and trading goods. Lords still controlled the towns. They expected something in return.

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The Growth of Towns

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The growth of towns

The Growth of Towns

SEC 3

Ch. 5


The rights of townspeople

The Rights of Townspeople

  • As towns started to grow. People started to realize they did not fit into the manorial system.

    • They started to make their living by making and trading goods.

  • Lords still controlled the towns.

    • They expected something in return.

    • Most towns won self-government by peaceful and sometimes violent means.


Charters

Some lords granted Charters to towns.

Written statement of a towns rights.

Most people in towns in Europe gained 4 basic rights.

1. Freedom -- Lived in a town for 1 yr and a day. Included serfs that escaped from manors.

2. Exemption -- Free from ever working on the manor.

3. Town Justice -- Towns had their own courts

4. Commercial Privileges -- Could sell goods freely in the town.

Charters


Guilds

Guilds

  • As trade increased and towns grew larger, Merchants and workers united in associations called GUILDS.

  • Each town had a Merchant Guild -- Only people from that town could trade there.

    • Outsiders had to pay a fee.

    • Took care of members families.


Guilds1

Guilds

  • Craft Guilds formed out the workers.

    • Each guild had members from a single craft.

      • Ex. Shoemaker, weavers

    • They set the wages, hours and working conditions.

    • Set standards for quality of work.

    • Also looked after other members


Training of skilled workers

Training of Skilled Workers

  • Three step in becoming a skilled worker.

    • Apprentice -- Training could take 5 to 9 years.

      • Parents paid the master to teach the boy.

    • Journeyman -- a skilled worker that was paid a wage.

      • A Journeyman could only become a master by making a masterpiece.

        • Had to be approved by the other masters

      • If approved he could open up his own shop.


The middle class

The Middle Class

  • These master and merchants became the Middle Class

    • They were neither nobles nor peasants

    • The middle class favored the kings over the nobles.

      • Kings protected trade and business.

      • Kings looked to middle class for advice.

      • Middle Class received Government jobs.

        • Started to gain power!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!


The black death

THE BLACK DEATH


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