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South America Vocabulary Chapter 12-13 * Get out your notes and begin defining the following words from chapter 13. Estuary Piedmont Pampas gaucho. Bauxite Llano Cordillera Campesino Altiplano Paramo selva. Let’s Travel to South America. Venezuela. Suriname. Colombia. Guyana.

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South AmericaVocabularyChapter 12-13* Get out your notes and begin defining the following words from chapter 13.

  • Estuary

  • Piedmont

  • Pampas

  • gaucho

Bauxite

Llano

Cordillera

Campesino

Altiplano

Paramo

selva


Let s travel to south america

Let’s Travel to South America


Venezuela

Suriname

Colombia

Guyana

French Guiana

There are 5 Northern Coast countries:


Venezuela

Suriname

Colombia

Guyana

French Guiana

Ecuador

Peru

Chile

There are 3 Pacific Coast countries:


Venezuela

Suriname

Colombia

Guyana

French Guiana

Ecuador

Peru

Brazil

Chile

Uruguay

Argentina

There are 3 Atlantic Coast countries:


Venezuela

Suriname

Colombia

Guyana

French Guiana

Ecuador

Peru

Brazil

Bolivia

Paraguay

Chile

Uruguay

Argentina

There are 2 land-locked countries:


We will study south america s
We will study South America’s

  • Environment

  • Government

  • Economy

  • History



The amazon rainforest
The Amazon Rainforest

is the largest rainforest on Earth, covering 1.2 billion acres.


The amazon river is the 2 nd longest river on earth
The Amazon River is the 2nd-longest river on earth




Cleared for agriculture. of the world’s fresh water.

Deforestation is threatening the Amazon. If current rates are continued, the rainforest could be gone in 50 years.


The top two causes of deforestation: of the world’s fresh water.


Settlers often learned the hard way that the only thing keeping the river from eroding the banks was the very vegetation they cleared to build there.


The keeping the river from eroding the banks was the very vegetation they cleared to build there.Andes Mountains run parallel to the Pacific Coast through Ecuador, Peru, Chile, Bolivia and Argentina.


The andes are the tallest mountain range outside of asia
The Andes are the keeping the river from eroding the banks was the very vegetation they cleared to build there.tallest mountain range outside of Asia.


Between the Andes and the Pacific Ocean lies the keeping the river from eroding the banks was the very vegetation they cleared to build there.coastal valley – where ¾ of the population of Chile lives.


Many indians practice subsistence farming or herd llamas and alpacas in the andean highlands
Many Indians practice keeping the river from eroding the banks was the very vegetation they cleared to build there.subsistence farming or herd llamas and alpacas in the Andean highlands.


Paraguay, Uruguay and parts of Argentina and Brazil keeping the river from eroding the banks was the very vegetation they cleared to build there. occupy what is known as the southern grasslands, or pampas.


Patagonia keeping the river from eroding the banks was the very vegetation they cleared to build there. is the area south of the pampas in Argentina and Chile, and is desolate and cold with rich deposits of oil.


Patagonia
Patagonia keeping the river from eroding the banks was the very vegetation they cleared to build there.


Patagonia1
Patagonia keeping the river from eroding the banks was the very vegetation they cleared to build there.


The driest place on earth is in northern chile it is
The driest place on earth is in northern Chile. It is… keeping the river from eroding the banks was the very vegetation they cleared to build there.

The Atacama Desert


The government of south america
The government of South America keeping the river from eroding the banks was the very vegetation they cleared to build there.


South American governments have long been known for their instability and rule by military dictators.

Juan Domingo Peron - Argentina


Due in part to the philosophies and spirit of instability and rule by Simon Bolivar (who helped liberate much of South America from the Spanish),


South American countries have fought for (and mostly gained) political freedom and a more democratic style of government.

What country was named after this guy?


The economies of south america
The economies of South America political freedom and a more democratic style of government.


Brazil

  • W political freedom and a more democratic style of government.orld’s 8th largest economy

  • 64th in terms of per capita GDP

  • Very diverse economy (agriculture, manufacturing, service industries, forestry)

  • Expected to become major producer of petroleum.

  • World’s third largest aircraft producer.

Brazil


Venezuela
Venezuela political freedom and a more democratic style of government.

  • Currently led by Hugo Chavez.

  • The U.S. recognized a coup that tried to unseat Chavez in 2002. Since then, relations between Venezuela and the U.S. have been very poor.

  • Venezuela must import food.

  • The most popular sport in Venezuela is baseball.


Argentina
Argentina political freedom and a more democratic style of government.

  • Argentina’s once large middle class has slowly been in decline since the Great Depression.

  • In 2002 their economy essentially collapsed and they defaulted on loans.

  • The economy has improved since then, but inflation is very high.

  • Corruption in business and government is considered a problem.

  • Drug trafficking and money laundering are part of their corruption problems.


Brazil is the world s largest exporter of
Brazil is the world’s largest exporter of… political freedom and a more democratic style of government.

sugar.


Venezuela is one of the top 10 producers of
Venezuela is one of the top 10 producers of… political freedom and a more democratic style of government.

oil in the world.


Brazil and colombia are the top 2 exporters of
Brazil and Colombia are the top 2 exporters of… political freedom and a more democratic style of government.

coffee in the world.


Ecuador s most important export is
Ecuador’s most important export is… political freedom and a more democratic style of government.

oil.


Paraguay s economy is based on
Paraguay’s economy is based on… political freedom and a more democratic style of government.

agriculture.


Uruguay s economy is based on
Uruguay’s economy is based on… political freedom and a more democratic style of government.

livestock and related products.


Guyana is the world s largest exporter of
Guyana is the world’s largest exporter of… political freedom and a more democratic style of government.

bauxite, which is used to make...


The wealthiest country in south america is
The wealthiest country in South America is… political freedom and a more democratic style of government.

Argentina.


The largest city in south america is
The largest city in South America is… political freedom and a more democratic style of government.

Sao Paulo, Brazil


With a population of over
with a population of over… political freedom and a more democratic style of government.

20,000,000 people


There are 3 south american cities with over 12 million residents
There are 3 South American cities with over 12 million residents…

Sao Paulo

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Buenos Aires, Argentina


There are 2 american cities with over 12 million residents
There are 2 American cities with over 12 million residents. residents…

Los Angeles

City of New York



The residents…Inca were a South American Indian people who ruled one of the largest and richest empires in the Americas.


Conquered by residents…Francisco Pizarro in the 1530’s, the Incan empire lasted less than 100years.


Fernão de Magalhães, or residents…Ferdinand Magellan, was the first man to lead an expedetion to circumnavigate the globe.


This was accomplished by sailing around the tip of South America. In honor of the accomplish-ment, this water has been named the Strait of Magellan.


As notas est o acabados
As notas estão acabados! America. In honor of the accomplish-ment, this water has been named the

The notes are finished!


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