LAW. SOURCES OF LAW LAW CRIMINAL LAW-TYPES OF CRIME THE AMERICAN LEGAL SYSTEM CIVIL CASES CRIMINAL CASES JUVENILE CASES. SOURCES OF LAW. Code of Hammurabi – 1760 B.C. Babylonian King; based on an eye for an eye.
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SOURCES OF LAW
CRIMINAL LAW-TYPES OF CRIME
THE AMERICAN LEGAL SYSTEM
Social Norms – shared expectations of behavior placed on persons by a social group.
Laws – rules & regulations that define the rights & obligations of citizens of a state or nation.
Societies need laws for protection & order.
Components of Good Laws
Fair – equal treatment
Reasonable – punishment fits the crime
Understandable – not too complicated.
Enforceable – government can enforce, people will obey.
Criminal Law – laws that seek to prevent people from deliberately or recklessly harming each other or other’s property.
Felony – serious crime, punishable by possible prison sentence.
Misdemeanor – less serious crime, usually punishable by a small fine.
Civil Law – involves disputes between people or groups of people.
Lawsuit – legal action in which a person sues to collect damages for harm.
Protections of Legal Rights
STEPS IN A CIVIL CASE
Goal of the Juvenile Justice System
Rehabilitation – help young person correct behavior.
Types of Cases