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Culture. What is Culture . Lets pretend that you live in New York City… You cousin from out of town comes to visit…as you take her on a tour of the city you point out the different cultural neighborhoods like Chinatown , Little Italy , Spanish Harlem and Korea town . . What is Culture .

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Culture

Culture


What is culture

What is Culture

  • Lets pretend that you live in New York City…

  • You cousin from out of town comes to visit…as you take her on a tour of the city you point out the different cultural neighborhoods like Chinatown, Little Italy, Spanish Harlem and Korea town.


What is culture1

What is Culture

  • Your cousin is not quite sure what culture means or why these neighborhoods are so different.

  • How can you explain what culture is?


What is culture2

What is Culture

  • If you traveled around the world, you would experience many different sights and sounds.

  • You would probably hear unique music, eat a variety of foods, listen to different languages, see distinctive landscapes and learn new customs.


What is culture3

What is Culture

  • What exactly is culture?

  • Culture – is the set of beliefs, values and practices that a group of people have in common.


What is culture4

What is Culture

  • Culture includes many aspects of life, such as language and religion, that we may share with people around us.

  • Everything in your day to day life is part of culture, from the clothes you wear to the music you hear to the foods you eat.


What is culture5

What is Culture

  • On your world travels, you might notice that all societies share certain cultural features.

  • All people have some kind of government, educate their children and create some sort of art and music.


What is culture6

What is Culture

  • However, not all societies practice their culture in the same way.

  • For example, in Japan the school year begins in the spring and students wear school uniforms.


What is culture7

What is Culture

  • In the United States, however, the school year begins in the late summer and most schools do not require uniforms.

  • Differences like this are what make each culture unique.


What is culture8

What is Culture

  • Questions:

  • 1) What is Culture?

  • 2) Give an example of a part of Culture?


What is culture9

What is Culture

  • Questions:

  • 1) What is Culture?

    • A set of beliefs that people have in common.

  • 2) Give an example of a part of Culture?

    • Wearing school uniforms, speaking the same language, practicing the same religion…


  • Culture traits

    Culture Traits

    • Cultural features like starting the school year in the spring or wearing uniforms are types of Culture Traits.

    • Culture Traits – is an activity or behavior in which people often take part.


    Culture traits1

    Culture Traits

    • The language you speak and the sports you play are some of your culture traits.

    • Sometimes a culture trait is hared by people around the world…for example what is Americas National Past Time?


    Culture traits2

    Culture Traits

    • Baseball!!!


    Culture traits3

    Culture Traits

    • In many different places such as England, Germany and Saudi Arabia people enjoy watching and playing Soccer.

    • What do those countries call Soccer?


    Culture traits4

    Culture Traits

    • While some culture traits are shared around the world, others change from place to place.

    • One example of this is how people around the world eat.


    Culture traits5

    Culture Traits

    • In China most people use chopsticks to eat their food…in Europe however, people use forks and spoons.

    • In Ethiopia, many people use bread or their fingers to scoop their food.


    Culture traits6

    Culture Traits

    • How do Cultures develop?

    • Culture traits are often learned or passed down from one generation to the next.


    Culture traits7

    Culture Traits

    • Most traits develop within families as traditions, food or holiday customs are handed down over the years.

    • Laws and moral codes are also passed down within societies.


    Culture traits8

    Culture Traits

    • Many laws in the United States, for example, can be traced back to England in the 1600’s and were brought by the colonist to America.


    Culture traits9

    Culture Traits

    • Cultures also develop as people learn new culture traits.

    • Immigrants who move to a new country might learn to speak the language or eat food of their new country.


    Culture traits10

    Culture Traits

    • Other factors such as history and the environment, also affect how culture develops.


    Culture traits11

    Culture Traits

    • For example, historical events changed the language and religion of much of Central and South America.

    • In the 1500’s, when the Spanish explorers conquered the area, they introduced their language and the Catholic faith.


    Culture traits12

    Culture Traits

    • The environment in which we live can also shape culture.

    • For example, the desert environment of Africa’s Sahara influences the way people who live their earn a living.


    Culture traits13

    Culture Traits

    • Rather than grow crops, they heard animals that have adapted to the harsh environment.

    • As you can see, history and the environment affect how cultures develop.


    Culture traits14

    Culture Traits

    • Questions:

    • 3) What is a Culture Trait?

    • 4) What is an example of culture traits?


    Culture traits15

    Culture Traits

    • Questions:

    • 3) What is a Culture Trait?

      • An activity or behavior in which people often take part.

  • 4) What is an example of culture traits?

    • Sports, food, language, religion.


  • Culture groups

    Culture Groups

    • Earth is home to thousands of different cultures…

    • People who share similar culture traits are members of the same Culture Group.


    Culture groups1

    Culture Groups

    • Culture groups can be based on a variety of factors such as age, language or religion.

    • American teenagers, for example can be said to form a culture group based on their location and age.


    Culture groups2

    Culture Groups

    • Teens share similar tastes in music, clothing, sports and entertainment.

    • This is a great example of a culture group.


    Culture groups3

    Culture Groups

    • When we refer to culture groups, we are speaking of people who share a common culture.

    • Sometimes however, we need to refer to the area or region , where the culture group is found.


    Culture groups4

    Culture Groups

    • Culture Region – an area in which people have many shared culture traits.


    Culture groups5

    Culture Groups

    • In a specific culture region people share certain culture traits, such as religious beliefs, language or lifestyle.

    • One well known culture region is the Arab world…which spreads across southwest Asia and North Africa.


    Culture groups6

    Culture Groups

    • In this region, most people write and speak Arabic and practice the religion of Islam.

    • They also share other traits, such as foods, music, styles of clothing and architecture.


    Culture groups7

    Culture Groups

    • Occasionally, a single culture region dominates an entire country.

    • In Japan, for example, one primary culture dominates the country…nearly everyone in Japan speaks the same language and follows the same practices.


    Culture groups8

    Culture Groups

    • Many Japanese bow to their elders as a sign of respect and remove their shoes when they enter a home.

    • Shinto and Buddhism are also practiced through the entire country.


    Culture groups9

    Culture Groups

    • A culture region may also stretch across county boarders….as you saw with the Arab culture spanning from Asia into Africa.

    • Another example are the Kurdish culture region, home to the Kurds, a people that live throughout Turkey, Iran and Iraq.


    Culture groups10

    Culture Groups

    • Questions:

    • 5) What is a Culture region?

    • 6) Name at least two examples of culture regions.


    Culture groups11

    Culture Groups

    • Questions:

    • 5) What is a Culture region?

      • An area in which people have many shared culture traits.

  • 6) Name at least two examples of culture regions.

    • Japan dominating an entire island…Arab culture spreading from Asia to Africa.


  • Culture groups12

    Culture Groups

    • As you just learned, countries may contain several culture region within their borders.

    • Often these culture regions are based on ethnic groups.


    Culture groups13

    Culture Groups

    • Ethnic Group – Is a group of people who share a common culture and ancestry.

    • Members of ethnic groups often share culture traits such as religion, language and even special food.


    Culture groups14

    Culture Groups

    • Some countries are home to a variety of ethnic groups…think about the United States…even just North Plainfield.

    • There are so many different ethnic groups here just in the Middle School.


    Culture groups15

    Culture Groups

    • Countries with many ethnic groups are culturally diverse.

    • Cultural Diversity – is the state of having a variety of cultures in the same area.


    Culture groups16

    Culture Groups

    • While cultural diversity creates an interesting mix of ideas, behavior and practices, it can also lead to conflict.

    • In some countries, ethnic groups have been in conflicts for thousands of years.


    Culture groups17

    Culture Groups

    • In Canada, for example, some French Canadians want to separate from the rest of Canada to preserve their language and culture.


    Culture groups18

    Culture Groups

    • In the 1990’s ethnic conflict in the African country of Rwanda led to extreme violence and bloodshed…all over culture differences.


    Culture groups19

    Culture Groups

    • Although ethnic groups have clashed in some culturally diverse countries, they have cooperated in others.

    • In the United States, for example, many different ethnic groups live side by side.


    Culture groups20

    Culture Groups

    • Cities and towns often celebrate their ethnic heritage with festivals and parades, like the Saint Patrick’s in Boston…or Philadelphia’s Puerto Rican Festival.


    Culture groups21

    Culture Groups

    • Questions:

    • 7) What is a culture region?

    • 8) What are some examples of a culture Region?

    • 9) What is a ethnic group?

    • 10) What does cultural diversity mean?


    Culture groups22

    Culture Groups

    • Questions:

    • 7) What is a culture region?

      • An area in which people have shared many culture traits.

  • 8) What are some examples of a culture Region?

    • People who share traits such as religious beliefs, language or life style.

  • 9) What is a ethnic group? .

    • A group of people who share common culture and ancestry

  • 10) What does cultural diversity mean?

    • Having a lot of cultures living in the same area.


  • Culture groups23

    Culture Groups

    • Open ended response:

    • In a well written paragraph I would like you to tell me about some of the different cultures that you have seen in North Plainfield.

    • Think about where you friends are from, what language they speak, what foods do they eat or what religions they practice…

    • Think about just how may different cultures you have experienced living in North Plainfield.


    Culture groups24

    Culture Groups

    • Now lets look at changes in culture …


    Changes in culture

    Changes in Culture

    • You have read books or seen movies set in the time of the Civil War or maybe the Wild West of the 1800’s.

    • Think about hour our culture has changed in the United States since then.


    Changes in culture1

    Changes in Culture

    • Clothing, food, music…all have changed drastically since those times.

    • When we study cultural change, we try to find out what caused the changes and how those changes spread from place to place.


    Changes in culture2

    Changes in Culture

    • Think about products and clothing from the different parts of United States…how did they come to New Jersey.


    Changes in culture3

    Changes in Culture

    • Cultures change constantly, some changes happen rapidly while others may take years.

    • What causes cultures to change?


    Changes in culture4

    Changes in Culture

    • Innovation and contact with other people are two key causes of culture change.

    • Innovation – A new idea or way of doing something.


    Changes in culture5

    Changes in Culture

    • New ideas often bring about cultural changes.

    • For example, when Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone, it changed how people communicate with each other.


    Changes in culture6

    Changes in Culture

    • Other innovations, such as motion pictures, changed how spend their free time.

    • More recently, the creation of the internet dramatically altered the way people find information, communicate and shop.


    Changes in culture7

    Changes in Culture

    • Cultures also change as societies come into contact with each other.

    • For example, when the Spanish arrived in the Americas, they introduced firearms and horses to the region, changing the lifestyle of some Native American tribes


    Changes in culture8

    Changes in Culture

    • At the same time, the Spaniards learned about new foods like potatoes, corn and chocolate from the native Americans.

    • These foods then became an important part of Europeans’ diet.


    Changes in culture9

    Changes in Culture

    • The Chinese culture had a similar influence on Korea and Japan.

    • They introduced Buddhism and written language.


    How ideas spread

    How Ideas Spread

    • You have probably noticed that a new slang word might spread from teenager to teenager and state to state.

    • In the same way, clothing styles from New York or Paris might become popular all over the world.


    How ideas spread1

    How Ideas Spread

    • More serious cultural traits spread as well.

    • Religious beliefs or ideas about government may spread from place to place or country to country.


    How ideas spread2

    How Ideas Spread

    • The spread of culture traits from one region to another is called Culture Diffusion.

    • Cultural diffusion often occurs when people move from one place to another.


    How ideas spread3

    How Ideas Spread

    • For example, when Europeans settled in the Americas, they brought their culture along with them.

    • As a result, English, French, Spanish and Italian are all spoken in the United States.


    How ideas spread4

    How Ideas Spread

    • American culture also spread as pioneers moved west, taking with them their form of government, religious beliefs and customs.

    • Cultural diffusion also takes place as new ideas spread from place to place.


    How ideas spread5

    How Ideas Spread

    • Take the game of baseball for example, it first began in New Jersey, then spread throughout the United States.

    • As more and more people learned the game, it spread around the world.


    How ideas spread6

    How Ideas Spread

    • Wearing blue jeans became part of out culture in a similar way.

    • Blue jeans originated in the American West in the mid 1800’s…they gradually became popular all over the country and the world.


    How ideas spread7

    How Ideas Spread

    • Describe:

    • How did the Native American culture change after the Spanish conquered the Americas?

    • How did the Spanish culture change?


    How ideas spread8

    How Ideas Spread

    • Describe:

    • How did the Native American culture change after the Spanish conquered the Americas?

      • Native Americans started to use horses and firearms.

  • How did the Spanish culture change?

    • Native Americans started to grow and eat new foods like chocolate, corn and potatoes.


  • How ideas spread9

    How Ideas Spread

    • Analyze:

    • How could the Internet encourage cultural diffusion?


    How ideas spread10

    How Ideas Spread

    • Analyze:

    • How could the Internet encourage cultural diffusion?

      • The internet allows communication quickly between countless, countries, people and culture.


    How ideas spread11

    How Ideas Spread

    • Make Inferences:

    • Why have immigrant groups usually adopted the language of their new home?

    • Why have some continued to speak their native language?


    How ideas spread12

    How Ideas Spread

    • Make Inferences:

    • Why have immigrant groups usually adopted the language of their new home.

      • To make communication easier and also to fit into the new culture.

  • Why have some continued to speak their native language?

    • To maintain some of there native culture.


  • How ideas spread13

    How Ideas Spread


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