Vietnam War – Part III. Nixon-Vietnamization. Vietnamization. Tet provided the justification for U.S. troop withdrawals Plan was to withdraw the 540,000 U.S. troops in South Vietnam over an extended period
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Nixon Doctrine (aka Guam Doctrine) July 1969 The Doctrine argued for the pursuit of peace through a partnership with American allies. Motivated by declining public support for Vietnam War
In Nixon\'s address to the Nation on Vietnam November 1969 he said:
First, the U.S. will keep all of its treaty commitments.
Second, we shall provide a shield if a nuclear power threatens the freedom of a nation allied with us or of a nation whose survival we consider vital to our security.
Third, in cases involving other types of aggression, we shall furnish military and economic assistance when requested in accordance with our treaty commitments. But we shall look to the nation directly threatened to assume the primary responsibility for providing for its own defense
June 1971, State Department official, Daniel Ellsberg, leaked a study to the The New York Times called the Pentagon Papers.
New York Times Co. v. United States. Supreme Court decided 6-3 that the injunction to stop publication of the papers was unconstitutional
"I felt that…as a responsible citizen, I could no longer cooperate in concealing this information from the American public. I did this clearly at my own jeopardy and I am prepared to answer to all the consequences of this decision" –Daniel Ellsberg
Nixon said the cease-fire agreements amounted to “peace with honor”
Paris Peace Accords October 1972
North Vietnam was more willing to negotiate after the failure of the Easter Offensive, continued U.S. bombing in the north, détente between U.S. and U.S.S.R. and Nixon opening diplomatic relations with China