language
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Language

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 19

Language - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 131 Views
  • Uploaded on

Language. http://ocw.mit.edu/NR/rdonlyres/Brain-and-Cognitive-Sciences/9-402Language-and-ThoughtFall2002/072036C6-6082-47E2-A7A8-7C19F9CDD290/0/chp_9_402.gif. What is language?. Language vs. communication Why do we say that bees do not have a “language?”.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Language' - bayard


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
language

Language

http://ocw.mit.edu/NR/rdonlyres/Brain-and-Cognitive-Sciences/9-402Language-and-ThoughtFall2002/072036C6-6082-47E2-A7A8-7C19F9CDD290/0/chp_9_402.gif

what is language
What is language?
  • Language vs. communication
    • Why do we say that bees do not have a “language?”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-7ijI-g4jHg

Image taken from the Yamada Bee Farm site

requirements for language
Requirements for Language
  • Regular (grammar)

“Twasbrillig, and the slithytoves

Did gyre and gimble in the wabe:

  • Productive
other characteristics of language
Other Characteristics of Language
  • Arbitrariness
  • Discreteness
  • http://dmc.ohiolink.edu/cgi/i/image/getimage-idx?viewid=LILI2.MOV;cc=forglv;entryid=x-lili2;view=image
slide5

The structure of language

  • Phoneme

map  tap

/m/ /t/

map  mash

/m/ /š/

slide7

The structure of language

  • Phonetic ambiguity
    • Ream ember us poke can cent tense off in contains men knee word knot in ten did tube bee herd.
slide8

Problems with understanding speech perception - Phonemes can sound different in different contexts

the structure of language
The structure of language
  • Speech Perception
    • Speech is categorical
    • Phonological rules
the structure of language1
The structure of language

Un-

  • Morphemes

strange

-ed

a-

the

the structure of language2
The structure of language
  • Syntax

Tree diagram

the structure of language3
The structure of language
  • Context Effects
    • Words that fit sentence

The Eskimos were frightened by the walrus.

The bankers were frightened by the walrus.

    • Lexical ambiguity
    • Understand truth conditions
the structure of language4
The structure of language
  • Garden path sentences
    • The cotton shirts are made from comes from Arizona.
the structure of language5
The structure of language
  • Sentence comprehension
  • Experiment:
    • With this possibility, Taylor left the capital. After he had returned to Manhattan, he explained the offer to his wife.
    • Taylor did not reach a decision until after he had returned to Manhattan. He explained the offer to his wife.
language comprehension production
Language Comprehension & Production
  • Sentence comprehension
    • What is happening when we experience ambiguity ?
      • All meanings of ambiguous words are available at first, but this period is very short
the structure of language6
The structure of language
  • Semantics
    • A theory of semantics (meaning) must explain:
      • Anomaly
      • Self-contradiction
      • Ambiguity
      • Synonymy
      • Entailment
the structure of language7
The structure of language
  • Pragmatics
  • Types of utterances
    • Assertives
    • Directives
    • Commissives
    • Expressives
    • Declarations
levels of language
Levels of Language
  • Phonemes
  • Morphemes
  • Syntax
  • Semantics
  • Pragmatics
ad