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Classifying Photographs for the World Digital Library: Draft Guidelines. Julianne Beall Assistant Editor, DDC Library of Congress Dewey Translators Meeting IFLA 2009, Milan 25 August 2009. Outline. Draft guidelines Context: World Digital Library Examples.

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classifying photographs for the world digital library draft guidelines

Classifying Photographs for the World Digital Library: Draft Guidelines

Julianne Beall

Assistant Editor, DDC

Library of Congress

Dewey Translators Meeting

IFLA 2009, Milan

25 August 2009

outline
Outline
  • Draft guidelines
  • Context: World Digital Library
  • Examples
draft guidelines classifying photographs 1
Draft Guidelines: Classifying Photographs (1)
  • Follow the basic rules of subject analysis as set forth in Section 5 of the Introduction.
  • Use the caption of the photo as a surrogate for the title.
  • The descriptive elements, including the name of a collection, may serve as further clues to author’s intent, subject, and discipline. Subject headings or tags may also give some clues.
draft guidelines classifying photographs 2
Draft Guidelines: Classifying Photographs (2)

In general, assign a single Dewey number following the same rules you would use for any other work.

Assign additional Dewey numbers in the case of first-of-two, multiple important (predominant) subjects, unclear disciplinary focus, and classifier’s instinct.

from library of congress prints photographs division
From Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division:
  • Subject Indexing for Pictures: An Overview
  • http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/tp/Subject%20Indexing%20for%20Pictures.pdf
  • Subject Indexing with TGM: A Case Study in Selecting Access Points for Photographs
  • http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/tp/SubjectAccessHineCaseStudy.pdf
we found both documents helpful in thinking about the guidelines
We found both documents helpful in thinking about the Guidelines

While both documents are focused on subject indexing, the first two rules in the overview document are also useful for classification:

Be specific to the overall scope of the material (What the pictures are “of” or depict)

Convey what the pictures are “about” (. . . meaning, purpose, function)

context world digital library 1
Context:World Digital Library (1)
  • DDC number is not used merely to show that an item is a photograph
    • Information that an item is a “Print, Photograph” can be found elsewhere in a record
    • It is possible to browse or limit searches by type of item
context world digital library 2
Context:World Digital Library (2)
  • Captions from Dewey Summaries are shown as “Topics”
  • DDC numbers are not shown
  • Everything in WDL is available in seven languages
    • Including captions from Dewey Summaries
622 mining related operations
622 Mining & related operations
  • Topic
  • Technology > Engineering > Mining & related operations
  • Captions from:
  • 600 Technology
  • 620 Engineering
  • 622 Mining & related operations
622 mining related operations arabic spanish french
622 Mining & related operations: Arabic, Spanish, French

الموضوع

التكنولوجيا. < الهندسة. < التعدين والعمليات المتصلة به.

Tema

Tecnología > Ingeniería > Minería y operaciones relacionadas

Thème

Technologie > Ingénierie > Technique minière et activités connexes

622 mining related operations portuguese russian chinese
622 Mining & related operations: Portuguese, Russian, Chinese

Tópico

Tecnologia > Engenharia > Mineração e operações relacionadas

Тема

Технология > Техника > Горное дело и родственные отрасли

专题

应用科学 > 工程 > 矿业 & 相关产业

916 geography of travel in africa
916 Geography of & travel in Africa
  • Topic
  • History & geography > Geography & travel > Geography of & travel in Africa
  • Captions from:
  • 900 History & geography
  • 910 Geography & travel
  • 916 Geography of & travel in Africa
385 railroad transportation 391 costume personal appearance
385 Railroad transportation391 Costume & personal appearance
  • Topic
  • Social sciences > Commerce, communications & transportation > Railroad transportation
  • Social sciences > Customs, etiquette & folklore > Costume & personal appearance
385 railroad transportation
385 Railroad transportation
  • Social sciences > Commerce, communications & transportation > Railroad transportation
  • Captions from:
  • 300 Social sciences
  • 380 Commerce, communications & transportation
  • 385 Railroad transportation
391 costume personal appearance
391 Costume & personal appearance
  • Social sciences > Customs, etiquette & folklore > Costume & personal appearance
  • Captions from:
  • 300 Social sciences
  • 390 Customs, etiquette & folklore
  • 391 Costume & personal appearance
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