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Water and the New Growth Path - DWA Response -. 16 February 2011 Fred van Zyl. Purpose of Presentation. To present DWA response to the New Growth Path(NGP) To obtain a shared understanding on the role of Water in growth & development

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Water and the new growth path dwa response

Water and the New Growth Path- DWA Response -

16 February 2011

Fred van Zyl


Purpose of presentation
Purpose of Presentation

  • To present DWA response to the New Growth Path(NGP)

  • To obtain a shared understanding on the role of Water in growth & development

  • To present existing & new activities supporting job creation

  • To highlight challenges, risks and success factors

  • To obtain strategic input for DWA and the water sector NGP support strategy


1 understanding the new growth path approach principles to guide sector engagement
1. Understanding The New Growth Path:Approach & Principles to Guide Sector Engagement

  • Create 5 million new jobs over the next 10 years (target large scale areas for employment creation)

  • Create sustainable employment & decent work

  • Targeting all people, particularly the poor

  • Phased development over short, medium and long-term (in the medium-term focus on sectors able to create employment on large-scale)

  • Collectively achieve more jobs (inter-sector partnerships, coordinated around core priorities vs disbursed action)

  • Fine-tune macro and micro policies to support more equitable and employment-intensive growth through


Ngp job drivers
NGP Job Drivers

Main economic sectors:

Agriculture & agro-processing

Mining and beneficiation

Manufacturing (IPAP2)

Tourism / other services

Infrastructure

1

2

Look for employment opportunities in “job drivers” and implement policies to take advantage of them

Spatial opportunities:

Rural development

African regional development

New economies:

Green economy

Knowledge economy

5

Social capital:

The social economy

The public sector

4

3


Important focus areas for dwa
Important Focus Areas for DWA

  • Infrastructure

  • Main Economic Sector

    • Agriculture & agro-processing

    • Mining and beneficiation

    • Manufacturing (IPAP2)

    • Tourism / other services

  • Spatial context (rural development + spatial footprint of water)

  • Smart solutions & technologies (Greening)


Main performance indicators
Main Performance Indicators

  • Jobs (number and quality)

  • Growth (growth rate, labour intensity and composition)

  • Equity (lower income and poverty)

  • Environmental outcomes


2 dwa response
2. DWA Response

  • DWA is a committed partner and supports the NGP

  • The core objective of water management is to support social & economic development

    • This is reflected in the National Water Act and the National Water Resource Strategy

    • Water sector activities are developed and implemented within this objective

  • The support activities + associated principles of the NGP (e.g. Job creation) are reflected in DWA’s strategic plan


Ngp job drivers water performance areas
NGP Job Drivers: Water Performance Areas

Water support can be grouped into 4 performance areas:

1

Integrated water resource planning, availability & allocation activities

2

Job creation through water infrastructure development and management

3

Job creation through water resource management programmes

4

Job creation through water governance



1 role of water in growth development
1. Role of Water in Growth & Development

EnablingResources

NaturalResources

Social

1

“Man”-

power

Water

NationalGrowthand Development

Money

Earth

Economic

Material

Air

Environment

Machines

Energy


1 1 water strategic outcome partnerships
1.1 Water Strategic Outcome Partnerships

  • Effective inter-sector partnerships

  • Implies integrated planning, strategies & targets(also reflected in IPAP2, NGP)

  • Integrated & aligned action and implementation

  • Extended & aligned enabling resources

  • Requires coordination & leadership (clarity on Roles)

  • Shared knowledge base

  • Respect spatial, business, sector and environmental values and principles

  • Requires resource alignment


1 2 sector issues conditions
1.2 Sector Issues & Conditions

EnablingResources

NaturalResources

Social

“Man”-

power

Water

NationalGrowthand Development

Money

Earth

Economic

Material

Air

Environment

Machines

Energy

2


1 2 sector issues conditions1
1.2 Sector Issues & Conditions

  • Water is a scarce and strategic resource

  • Water is a variable resource in space & time

  • Water quality is a priority action & concern

  • This implies:

    • improved water use efficiency (non-negotiable)

    • water resource protection (non-negotiable)

    • Negotiated water allocations (subject to availability, potential, existing vs new, reform, etc)

    • Allocations are subject to conditions

    • Risk management (floods & droughts)

  • New development requires lead-time (multi-year)

  • Water not only a resource but also a habitat (environment, social and economic development, recreation & tourism)


1 3 business alignment
1.3 Business Alignment

4

EnablingResources

NaturalResources

Cooperative Governance

Social

“Man”-

power

Water

NationalGrowthand Development

Money

Earth

Economic

3

Material

Air

Environment

Machines

Energy


1 3 business alignment1
1.3 Business Alignment

  • Water must be high on all agendas (essential element of business)

  • Water contribution requires integrated outcomes planning

  • Water contribution requires aligned resourcing & management

  • National Water Resource Strategy (NWRS-2) is a pivotal framework for integrated water management

    • NWRS-2 is aligned with Outcomes & Development Strategies

    • NWRS-2 is aligning with Sector and Resource Strategies (e.g. energy, food)

  • Water Resource Management demands sector partnerships and alignment

  • High priority and success factor: Cooperative and integrated governance (mining development, food security, growth centres)

  • NB! NB! Integrated Programme Leadership and Coordination


Conclusion
Conclusion

  • DWA core business is aligned with NGP job driver 2

  • The core contribution is :

    • To make water available for socio-economic development

    • To make water habitats available for socio-econ development

    • Various programmes and activities support these

  • Water in itself is not a major job creator; Job opportunities are within integrated sector partnership programmes


4 dwa programmes activities per performance area
4. DWA Programmes & Activities per Performance Area

Water support can be grouped into 4 performance areas:

1

Integrated water resource planning, availability & allocation activities

2

Job creation through water infrastructure development and management

3

Job creation through water resource management programmes

4

Job creation through water governance


4 dwa oppertunities
4. DWA Oppertunities

EnablingResources

NaturalResources

4

Governance

Social

Integrated Programmes

“Man”-

power

Water

NationalGrowthand Development

1

Money

Earth

Infrastructure

Economic

3

2

Material

Air

Environment

Machines

Energy


1 water resource allocation activities in support of ngp job driver 2
1: Water resource allocation activities(in support of NGP job driver-2)

Existing programmes:

  • New resource developments (benefitting mining, domestic , industrial, agriculture, environment and recreation)

  • Water allocation and water allocation reform

  • Universal access to water services:

    • Basic services programme

    • Bulk infrastructure

    • Water boards

  • Water for food security (commercial & resource-poor farmers)



1 water resource allocation activities in support of ngp job driver 2 and ipap2
1: Water resource allocation activities (in support of NGP job driver-2 and IPAP2 *)

Enabling programmes:

  • Extended integrated planning (outcomes, energy, food-security, land reform and rural development, economic growth)

  • National Water Resource Strategy (NWRS-2 strategic alignment)

  • 9 new water reconciliation strategies

    Additional programmes

  • Utilization of surplus water in existing schemes *

  • Broadened use (multi-purpose dams, recreation & tourism) *e.g. Inyaka dam recreation & tourism


2 water infrastructure development and management in support of ngp job driver 1
2: Water Infrastructure Development and Management(in support of NGP job driver-1)

Existing programmes

  • Raw water infrastructure development (beneficiaries: domestic, energy, irrigation, industrial and environment)

  • Regional bulk infrastructure & transfers

  • Refurbishment of water treatment works

  • Infrastructure asset management

    Additional programmes & opportunities

  • Water management monitoring and gauging stations

  • Hydropower projects

  • Refurbishment of water treatment works *

  • Infrastructure asset management *

create jobs in municipalities through regulation



Dwa water institutions infrastructure projects jobs
DWA & Water Institutions Infrastructure projects & jobs

* Water User Associations to be included


3 water resource operational management programmes
3: Water Resource Operational Management Programmes

Existing programmes

  • Water use efficiency

  • Working for water

  • River health programme

    Additional programmes & opportunities

  • Water resource protection / water quality management

  • Water systems management

  • Water re-use

  • Disaster management



4 water governance activities 1 activities mostly facilitating low job opportunity
4: Water Governance Activities (1)(activities mostly facilitating / low job opportunity)

Existing programmes

  • Legislative review

  • NWRS-2 (pivotal role for growth & development)

  • Sector leadership and governance

  • Institutional review and alignment

  • Water resources planning & reconciliation

  • Water regulation

  • Water tariffs & funding model

  • Catchment management (3 CMAs to be established)


4 water governance activities 2 activities mostly facilitating low job opportunity
4: Water Governance Activities (2)(activities mostly facilitating / low job opportunity)

Extended water business management

  • Moving into a new era of “Smart” water management(water + infrastructure + operations + business processes)

  • Inter-sector planning and governance

  • Extended and shared business knowledge base

  • Spatial referencing and context

  • Sector skills development programme


Water support for ngp priorities
Water support for NGP priorities

  • Infrastructure / public investment

    • Maintain high level of public investment in line with Growth Commission (5% - 7% of GDP)

    • Jobs in construction √

    • Overall economic efficiency , equity and emissions √

  • Agricultural value chain

    • New small holder schemes √

    • A fundamental rethink of land reform √

    • Commercial agriculture as central to food security and exports √

    • Substantial up-scaling in community and school gardens – proposing a pilot through EU fund √

    • Agro-processing based in IPAP2 √


Water support for ngp priorities cont
Water support for NGP priorities (cont…)

  • Mining value chain

    • Increase mining prospecting, development and production √

  • Manufacturing

    • Projects in IPAP2 target substantial employment creation

    • Link to regional integration and production of inputs for local and regional infrastructure

  • Tourism and high-level services

    • Tourism strategy to continue to upgrade services and skills and ensure improved infrastructure and more affordable transport √

  • Green economy

    • IRP2* foresees a third of new energy from renewables – how to make sure it happens AND develop new industries? √

* [Energy] Integrated resource plan


Challenges issues and risks 1
Challenges, issues and risks (1)

  • Water’s role as strategic resource is not understood and appreciated

  • Facilitation of integrated programmes (shared strategy, actions & leadership)

  • Adequate resourcing and inter-sectoral resource alignment

  • Water availability & variability (space and time) = water security

31


Challenges issues and risks 2
Challenges, issues and risks (2)

  • Sector principles and conditions:

    • Water footprint

    • Environmental & pollution risks

    • Water use protocol (effective use) – (NWRS and IPAP2)

    • Appropriate norms & standards and associated quality control (IPAP2)

    • Inappropriate water use (e.g. irrigated bio-fuels)

    • Appropriate water allocation & extended criteria (value chain, socio-economic importance)

    • Improved licensing process (negotiation process, fair decisions, within reasonable timeframes)

32


Challenges issues and risks 3
Challenges, issues and risks (3)

  • Infrastructure development time frames

  • Issue of temporary vs permanent jobs (e.g. construction jobs)

  • Skill needs of job opportunities and appropriate employment

33


The way forward 1
The Way Forward (1)

  • The primary job contribution by the water sector is through the economic sectors (e.g. integrated programmes) with associated implications - NGP driver 2

  • Strategic opportunities identified to support growth & development (in line with IPAP2, e.g. multi-use of dams in support of tourism, recreation, aquaculture, agri-industry) – NGP driver 2

  • A major job contributor is through water infrastructure development (23,000 jobs per annum, note that most are interim jobs for 1-4 yrs) – NGP driver 1

34


The way forward 2
The Way Forward (2)

  • In the operational water management areas interim job opportunities exist through critical interventions such as water use efficiency, WWTW, water quality, asset management, etc.

  • Job numbers in these areas are limited. Most require higher skills with associated training requirements.

  • Labour-intensive practices to be applied

  • Stronger integration between sector strategies must be facilitated

  • Dedicated resourcing and programmes for governance activities

  • Re-thinking the values of water (extended values & value chain)

  • Formal alignment of the water strategies with outcomes and macro strategies is facilitated through the NWRS-2

35


Water to be high on the agenda for all decision making
Water to be high on the agenda for all decision-making !


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