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9 de febrero de 2005. Diario, hoy fue un día extraordinario. Irregular Preterit Forms. (Formas irregulares del pretérito). ser. estar. tener. ir. dar. andar. ver. Irregular preterit forms. ser, ir.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

9 de febrero de 2005

Diario, hoy fue un día extraordinario . . .

Irregular Preterit Forms

(Formas irregulares del pretérito)

ser

estar

tener

ir

dar

andar

ver

slide2

Irregular preterit forms

ser, ir

The verbs ser and ir are conjugated identically in the preterit. The context of the sentence or the situation will clarify the meaning.

ser, ir

fui

fuimos

fuiste

fuisteis

fue

fueron

Notice that the first- and third-persons singular, fui and fue, do not bear a written accent. As we learned earlier, single-syllable preterit forms need no written accent.

slide3

Irregular preterit forms

ser, ir

La fiesta fue en casa de Jorge, pero Jorge mismo no fue.

The party was at Jorge’s house, but Jorge himself didn’t go.

Yo fui a la comisaría de policía para asegurarles que el que cometió el crimen no fui yo.

I went to the police station to assure them that I was not the one who committed the crime.

slide4

Irregular preterit forms

estar, andar, tener

e (no accent)

estuv-

estar

iste

o (no accent)

anduv-

andar

imos

tuv-

tener

isteis

ieron

Notice that estar, andar and tener have a similar change in their stems . . .

and take the same verb endings, even though estar and andar are -ar verbs, and tener an -er verb.

slide5

e (no accent)

iste

o (no accent)

imos

isteis

ieron

Irregular preterit forms

estar → estuv

Estuve en España por tres meses.

I was in Spain for three months.

¿Por qué no estuviste en clase ayer?

Why weren’t you in class yesterday?

Carlos estuvo estudiando todo el día.

Carlos was studying all day.

Estuvimos enfermos en casa la semana pasada.

We were sick at home last week.

Carla y Olga estuvieron en la fiesta.

Carla and Olga were at the party.

slide6

e (no accent)

iste

o (no accent)

imos

isteis

ieron

Irregular preterit forms

andar → anduv

Anduve a la escuela esta mañana.

I walked to school this morning.

¿Anduviste solo o acompañado?

Did you walk alone or with someone?

El niño anduvo por primera vez a los doce meses.

The child walked for the first time at twelve months of age.

Anduvimos por el parque y fuimos al museo.

We walked through the park and went to the museum.

Los novios anduvieron juntos por la plaza.

The lovers walked together around the plaza.

slide7

e (no accent)

iste

o (no accent)

imos

isteis

ieron

Irregular preterit forms

tener → tuv

Tuve suerte jugando a la lotería.

I had luck playing the lottery.

¿Tuviste un resfriado el mes pasado?

Did you have a cold last month?

Ana tuvo que trabajar la Víspera del Año Nuevo.

Ana had to work on New Year’s Eve.

Tuvimos una habitación muy cómoda en el hotel.

We had a very comfortable room in the hotel.

Ester y Roberto tuvieron una boda muy linda.

Ester and Roberto had a very lovely wedding.

slide8

Irregular preterit forms

dar

The -ar verb dar is conjugated in the preterit as if it were a regular -er/-ir verb.

di

dimos

diste

disteis

dio

dieron

Again, since the first- and third-persons singular di and dio consist of a single syllable, they need no written accent.

slide9

Irregular preterit forms

dar

Le di un regalito a mi novia.

I gave a little gift to my girlfriend.

Diste una fiesta de bienvenida para Tito, ¿no?

You gave a welcoming party for Tito, didn’t you?

Teodoro me dio las entradas para el concierto.

Teodoro gave me the tickets for the concert.

Les dimos limosnas a los pobres.

We gave alms to the poor.

Los profesores no dieron clases este verano.

The professors didn’t give (teach) classes this summer.

slide10

Irregular preterit forms

ver

The verb ver is a regular -er verb in the preterit but, of course, its first- and third-persons singular have no written accent since they are single-syllable forms.

vi

vimos

viste

visteis

vio

vieron

slide11

Irregular preterit forms

ver

Vi a Ernesto ayer en el almacén.

I saw Ernesto yesterday in the department store.

¿Viste la última película de Pedro Almodóvar?

Did you see Pedro Almodóvar’s latest film?

Mi hermano vio al delincuente robar la tienda.

My brother saw the criminal rob the store.

Vimos las fotos que Juan sacó en Chile.

We saw the photos that Juan took in Chile.

Los niños vieron a Papá Noel en el centro.

The children saw Santa Claus downtown.

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