Hip hop the crack epidemic
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Hip Hop & The Crack Epidemic. Heroin & Cocaine. James Brown – King Heroin Cocaine – Kurtis Blow, LL Cool J, J- S ki Love Glamour Expensive - $80-90,000 /kg. Freebase aka Crack. Ability to smoke it – more potent Complicated chemical process

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Hip Hop & The Crack Epidemic

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Hip Hop & The Crack Epidemic


Heroin & Cocaine

  • James Brown – King Heroin

  • Cocaine – Kurtis Blow, LL Cool J, J-Ski Love

  • Glamour

  • Expensive - $80-90,000 /kg


Freebase aka Crack

  • Ability to smoke it – more potent

  • Complicated chemical process

  • Freeway Ricky Ross – baking soda instead of ether

  • Mass production – cheap - $10 a rock


1984

  • Ronald Raegan – US president

  • Recession – Tax breaks for rich, cutbacks for poor


Dealers

  • Snoop, RZA, Biggie, Raekwon, Ice-T, Jay-Z

  • Role models

  • Scarface – Tony Montana – Rags to riches story


Media Hype

  • More addictive – crazy things to get it

  • Violence/crime – few neighborhoods in big cities

  • Media frenzy – focus on black neighborhoods - fear of black threat


War On Drugs

  • Violence – shootouts – becoming an epidemic

  • Ronald Raegan – war on drugs

  • Demonized - More punishment, evil

  • Long prison terms – 5 yrs for 5 grams – 100:1

  • “Just say NO” - Hollywood


Music

  • Dealer became very rich – loaned $ to kids to press records

  • Too $hort, Schooly D, BDP (KRS One) – rappers became reporter – opposite from media

  • Fashion – gold chains, Gucci, MCM, LV


LA Gangs

  • Drugs from Nicaragua – fast food style work

  • Crack multiplied gangs – Crips/Bloods

  • Weapons in the hood – Uzi, AK-47

  • LAPD – police militarization – Batteram

  • NWA – story tellers


Late 80s – Early 90s

  • Crack wiping out black America

  • Public Enemy – Baseheads – zombies

  • COPS – TV show

  • George Bush Sr – Increased prisons – mass incarceration

  • Police out of control – 1992 – Rodney King


Prisons

  • 1986 laws – largest prison population in the world

  • Disproportionally black

  • 2010 – Obama reduced ratio – 18:1

  • 2014 – trying to reduce sentences


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