Environmental Justice in Air Quality Policy Development. Marie S. O’Neill Assistant Professor Epidemiology and Environmental Health University of Michigan School of Public Health NERAM Colloquium V Vancouver, BC, Canada October 17 , 200 6.
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Environmental Justice in Air Quality Policy Development
Marie S. O’Neill
Epidemiology and Environmental Health
University of Michigan School of Public Health
NERAM Colloquium V
Vancouver, BC, Canada
October 17, 2006
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(South African constitution, State of California law)
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Potential pathways for low education to increase susceptibility & exposure
Low educational attainment
Lower health status (diabetes, hypertension)
Low wage job, low income neighborhood
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Air pollution, temperature & mortality in 3 Latin American mega-cities
Marie S. O’Neill1*, Michelle L. Bell2*,
Nalini Ranjit1, Victor H. Borja-Aburto3,
Luis A. Cifuentes4, Nelson Gouveia5, Dana Loomis6
1 University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
2 Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
3 Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Mexico City, Mexico
4 Universidad Pontificia Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
5 Universidad de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
6 University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC USA
Project initiated at ISEE 2004, support from Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health & Society Scholars Program
Educational attainment among deaths 1998-2002
none some primary some secondary 12 + years
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Pope, C. A., 3rd, Burnett, R. T., & Thurston, G. D. (2002). Pollution-related mortality and educational level [author reply]. JAMA, 288(7), 830.
Michigan professors present air pollution/asthma results at public hearings on truck transfer depot sitings
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‘At present…insufficient data exist to incorporate these emerging findings (on SEP and air pollution) quantitatively into the setting of air guidelines of general applicability.’
U.S. researchers and policymakers
Payne-Sturges, D. et al (2006). Workshop summary: Connecting social and environmental factors to measure and track environmental health disparities. Environmental Research, 102, 146-153.
EPA Cumulative Risk Assessment Guidelines
European Union sustainable development report includes social equity and cohesion among objectives
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U.S. Congressional Black Caucus Foundation 2004 Report
Will Finland’s emission reductions keep the Maldives above water longer?
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