Chapter 4. The Vineyard. Chapter Objectives. Explain the elements needed to grow grapes. Differentiate regions for grape growing. Discuss the enemies of grapes. Explain how producers tell when the grapes are ready for picking and wine production.
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Explain the elements needed to grow grapes.
Differentiate regions for grape growing.
Discuss the enemies of grapes.
Explain how producers tell when the grapes are ready for picking and wine production.
Describe the materials winemakers use to store and age wine.
Describe what barrels are made from and how barrels are made.
Explain what happens to the bottles of wine after they are bottled.
Discuss how corks are made and the material used to make them.
System codified by Dr. Albert Winkler, UC – Davis
Region 1: Less than 2,500 degrees
Region 2: 2,501 to 3,000 degrees
Region 3: 3,001 to 3,500 degrees
Region 4: 3,501 to 4,000 degrees
Region 5: 4,001 + degrees
Brix (sugar level)
Stainless steel tanks
Oak staves (slats)
French and American oak
Toasting the barrelBarrel-Making Materials and Processes
Bottles are aged
Bottles are sold
Real cork is from the bark of special oak trees
Screw caps and tops
Rubber or plastic corks