Chapter 4
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Chapter 4. The Vineyard. Chapter Objectives. Explain the elements needed to grow grapes. Differentiate regions for grape growing. Discuss the enemies of grapes. Explain how producers tell when the grapes are ready for picking and wine production.

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Chapter 4

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Chapter 4

Chapter 4

The Vineyard


Chapter objectives

Chapter Objectives

Explain the elements needed to grow grapes.

Differentiate regions for grape growing.

Discuss the enemies of grapes.

Explain how producers tell when the grapes are ready for picking and wine production.

Describe the materials winemakers use to store and age wine.

Describe what barrels are made from and how barrels are made.

Explain what happens to the bottles of wine after they are bottled.

Discuss how corks are made and the material used to make them.


Enemies of grapes

Enemies of Grapes

Phylloxera

Noble Rot

Black Rot

Pierce’s Disease

Others


Elements needed to grow grapes

Elements Needed to Grow Grapes

Soil

Weather

Environment

Climate


Differentiate regions for grape growing

Differentiate Regions for Grape Growing

System codified by Dr. Albert Winkler, UC – Davis

Region 1: Less than 2,500 degrees

Region 2: 2,501 to 3,000 degrees

Region 3: 3,001 to 3,500 degrees

Region 4: 3,501 to 4,000 degrees

Region 5: 4,001 + degrees


Determining picking and production times

Determining Picking and Production Times

Brix (sugar level)

Harvest

Yield

Juice extraction


Storage and aging materials

Storage and Aging Materials

Stainless steel tanks

Oak barrels


Barrel making materials and processes

Source: U.S. Department of Labor (June 2001)

The cooper

Oak staves (slats)

French and American oak

Toasting the barrel

Barrel-Making Materials and Processes


After the bottling process

After the Bottling Process

Bottles are aged

Bottles are sold


Cork production

Cork Production

Real cork is from the bark of special oak trees

Compressed cork

Screw caps and tops

Rubber or plastic corks


Conclusion

CONCLUSION


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