Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 128

第十二章 真核生物 (Eukaryotes) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 105 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

第十二章 真核生物 (Eukaryotes). 什么是真核生物 ?. 是一大类细胞核具有核膜,能进行 有丝分裂,细胞质内存在线粒体或同时 存在叶绿体等多种细胞器的生物。. 真菌 (fungus) : 真核细胞型 微生物 组成: 核膜和核仁 ( 细胞核 ) 完整的细胞 器 ( 胞浆 ) :细胞壁含几丁质或纤维素 单细胞 ( 少数 ) or 多细胞 (多 数 ) 生存方式 : 腐生 or 寄生 繁殖方式 : 有性 or 无性 生长缓慢. 藻类. 真 核 微 生 物. 原生动物. 单细胞真菌 —— 酵母菌 (Yeast). 真菌.

Download Presentation

第十二章 真核生物 (Eukaryotes)

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


(Eukaryotes)


?


  • (fungus)

  • ()

    ()

    or

  • or

  • or


(Yeast)

(Mold,Mould)

(Mushroom)


Basidiomycotina


Deutemycotina


Ascomycotina




14


()


(9+2)

()


() (Nucleus)

(DNA)


;

;

;

;

80S

()

1


28S rRNA

5.8S rRNA

5S rRNA

23S rRNA

5S rRNA

60S

50S

+ 405

+ 34

80S

70S

40S18S rRNA +305

30S16S rRNA +21


2(Mitochondria)

(ATP)

3(Chloroplast)


4(Golgi apparatus)

5(Lysosome)

6(Microbody)


Yeast

Candida albicans

Mold


  • 300

    50-100

  • 1.

    2.

    HIV


1()

2()

(pseudohypha)


  • hypha

  • Spore


(hypha)

,

(septum)

(mycelium)

(vegetative mycelium)

(aerial mycelium)

(reproductive mycelium)

()


(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)


(spore)

(1) ()

(2)

()


1) (thallospore)

(blastospore)

(arthrospore)

(chlamydospore)


2) (conidia)

(macroconidia)

(microconidia)

3) () (sporangiospore)


AB

CD

EF


(Sabourauds

medium)

2228

37

pH4.06.0

:


  • 3

    1.(yeast type colony)

    2. (yeast-like

    type colony)

    3. (filamentous type colony)

    ()


  • ()

  • 601h

    1%3%2.5%0.1%

    10%


  • BB


(Yeast)

5


1.

2.

3.(SCP, single cell protein)

4.


    • 2.5-104.5-21um


  • 1.


2.


3.

  • 1.S.cerevisiae,

  • 2.Schizosaccharomyces octosporus

  • 3.Saccharomycodes luduwigii


  • -- 4


  • --8


  • -- 4




  • 56






3


  • 5200

  • 100


2-10m

1.




2.:

:

:




1.

2.

3.

4.

5.


SDA


SDA


SDA1/2







()

1.


  • 2.


1~2



3.

4.


5.


()

n+n

2n

n


1.



2



3

18




4.


(basidiospore)


Mucor)

:




Rhizopus)

:




(Aspergillus)





Penicillum):




  • ;

  • 200040050










  • 50g5095%





  • Login