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第十二章 真核生物 (Eukaryotes) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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第十二章 真核生物 (Eukaryotes). 什么是真核生物 ?. 是一大类细胞核具有核膜,能进行 有丝分裂,细胞质内存在线粒体或同时 存在叶绿体等多种细胞器的生物。. 真菌 (fungus) : 真核细胞型 微生物 组成: 核膜和核仁 ( 细胞核 ) 完整的细胞 器 ( 胞浆 ) :细胞壁含几丁质或纤维素 单细胞 ( 少数 ) or 多细胞 (多 数 ) 生存方式 : 腐生 or 寄生 繁殖方式 : 有性 or 无性 生长缓慢. 藻类. 真 核 微 生 物. 原生动物. 单细胞真菌 —— 酵母菌 (Yeast). 真菌.

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第十二章 真核生物 (Eukaryotes)

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Eukaryotes

(Eukaryotes)


Eukaryotes

?


Eukaryotes

  • (fungus)

  • ()

    ()

    or

  • or

  • or


Eukaryotes

(Yeast)

(Mold,Mould)

(Mushroom)


Basidiomycotina

Basidiomycotina


Deutemycotina

Deutemycotina


Ascomycotina

Ascomycotina


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes

14


Eukaryotes

()


Eukaryotes

(9+2)

()


Eukaryotes

() (Nucleus)

(DNA)


Eukaryotes

;

;

;

;

80S

()

1


Eukaryotes

28S rRNA

5.8S rRNA

5S rRNA

23S rRNA

5S rRNA

60S

50S

+ 405

+ 34

80S

70S

40S18S rRNA +305

30S16S rRNA +21


Eukaryotes

2(Mitochondria)

(ATP)

3(Chloroplast)


Eukaryotes

4(Golgi apparatus)

5(Lysosome)

6(Microbody)


Eukaryotes

Yeast

Candida albicans

Mold


Eukaryotes

  • 300

    50-100

  • 1.

    2.

    HIV


Eukaryotes

1()

2()

(pseudohypha)


Eukaryotes

  • hypha

  • Spore


Hypha

(hypha)

,

(septum)

(mycelium)

(vegetative mycelium)

(aerial mycelium)

(reproductive mycelium)

()


Eukaryotes

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)


Spore

(spore)

(1) ()

(2)

()


Eukaryotes

1) (thallospore)

(blastospore)

(arthrospore)

(chlamydospore)


Eukaryotes

2) (conidia)

(macroconidia)

(microconidia)

3) () (sporangiospore)


Eukaryotes

AB

CD

EF


Eukaryotes

(Sabourauds

medium)

2228

37

pH4.06.0

:


Eukaryotes

  • 3

    1.(yeast type colony)

    2. (yeast-like

    type colony)

    3. (filamentous type colony)

    ()


Eukaryotes

  • ()

  • 601h

    1%3%2.5%0.1%

    10%


Eukaryotes

  • BB


Eukaryotes

(Yeast)

5


Eukaryotes

1.

2.

3.(SCP, single cell protein)

4.


Eukaryotes

    • 2.5-104.5-21um


Eukaryotes

  • 1.


Eukaryotes

2.


Eukaryotes

3.

  • 1.S.cerevisiae,

  • 2.Schizosaccharomyces octosporus

  • 3.Saccharomycodes luduwigii


Eukaryotes

  • -- 4


Eukaryotes

  • --8


Eukaryotes

  • -- 4


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes

  • 56


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes

3


Eukaryotes

  • 5200

  • 100


Eukaryotes

2-10m

1.


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes

2.:

:

:


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.


Eukaryotes

SDA


Eukaryotes

SDA


Sda 1 2

SDA1/2


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes

()

1.


Eukaryotes

  • 2.


Eukaryotes

1~2


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes

3.

4.


Eukaryotes

5.


Eukaryotes

()

n+n

2n

n


Eukaryotes

1.


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes

2


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes

3

18


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes

4.


Basidiospore

(basidiospore)


Eukaryotes

Mucor)

:


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes

Rhizopus)

:


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes

(Aspergillus)


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes

Penicillum):


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes

  • ;

  • 200040050


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes

  • 50g5095%


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


Eukaryotes


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