Death of a salesman
Download
1 / 38

Death of a Salesman - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 156 Views
  • Uploaded on

Death of a Salesman. Arthur Miller American Drama. Modern American Drama Historical Background. Great Depression (1930s to middle 1940s) Fall in stock prices , stock market crash American Dream

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Death of a Salesman' - baruch


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Death of a salesman

Death of a Salesman

Arthur Miller

American Drama


Modern american drama historical background
Modern American DramaHistorical Background

  • GreatDepression (1930s tomiddle 1940s)

    • Fall in stockprices, stock market crash

  • AmericanDream

    • Life should be betterandricherand fuller foreveryoneregardless of socialclass.

  • Afterthe WWII andGreatDepression, Americans had a surplus of goodsandservices (Theeconomicboom)

    • Inflationkeptpoorercitizensfromsavinganymoney, andsmallfarmersfaced hard times as corporatefarmersweresupportedbythegovernment.


Modern american drama the style
Modern American DramaTheStyle

  • Realism is primary form of dramatic expression in the 20th century, even as experimentation in both the content and the production of plays became increasingly important.


  • Such renowned American playwrights as Eugene O’Neill, Tennessee Williams, and Arthur Miller reached profound new levels of psychological realism, commenting through individual characters and their situations on the state of American society in general.



Arthur miller
Arthur Miller was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.

  • Son of a Jewishimmigrantfamily.

  • His father’sfailureandwithdrawalfromtheworld of business had profoundeffect on him. (WillyLoman)

  • Represents his ownrelationwith his father

  • Mostlyinterested in currentevents, socialinjustice/inequality


Death of a salesman1
Death was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century. of a Salesman

  • Themasterpiece of Miller, cornerstone of contemporaryAmerican Drama

  • It has becomeone of themostperformedandadaptedplays in Americantheatricalhistory

  • Portrayingtheuniversalhopesandfears of middle-classAmerica.

  • Examiningthemyth of theAmericanDreamandtheshallowpromise of happinessthroughmaterialwealth.


Death of a salesman2
Death was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century. of a Salesman

  • People can relatethistotheirowncompromisedidealsandmissedopportunities.

  • Theplaydeals in weightyemotionalissueswithoutdescendingto melodrama

  • Twoactsand a Requiempart, a realist playwithsomeelements of expressionism

    • When it depictsimaginarysequencesandportraysfortheaudiencetheinnerworkings of thecharacter’smindsandtheiremotions.


An overview
An was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.Overview

  • The character Willy, his sons Biff and Happy in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller have lived a life reflecting the common American middle-class families with their conflicts and dreams of success. The father Willy has always been under the spell of American Dream which is about to fade away in the post-war era. His son Happy thinks nearly the same with his father unlike his older brother Biff who finds his father’s dreams vain and rejectshis father’s expectations on him.


An overview1
An was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.Overview

  • Death of a Salesman is a work belonging not only to the time it is written but also today. The family has always been the core of the society with its economic, educational and moral sides. If the family corrupts then the society will collapse. In Death of a Salesman, the fatherWilly brings up his sons disregarding the society’s norms over his dreams, he never sees that the values he believes changed and the dreams he follows do not exist anymore. He spent his entire life on believing the dream of success that never comes as it is never supported by solid reality and facts. In the end, Willy commits suicide by crashing his car and Miller concludes the lifetime tragedy with a more tragic incident.


Characterization
Characterization was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.


Willy loman
Willy was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.Loman

  • A salesman, sixty-threeyearsold

  • He cannotfacetherealitythat he has misdirectedenergiesandtalentschasing a dreamthatnever had anychance of materializing.

  • Willy’sflashbacksandfantasiescomprimise a largepart of theplayandinformtheaudienceabout his past.


Willy loman1
Willy was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.Loman

  • Inthescenestakingplace in present time, Willy is highlyemotional, unstable, uncertain at times, highlycontradictoryandseemsworndownby life.

  • In his flashbacksandfantasies, Willy is a morelovingfatherandhusband, a morecapableprovider, he is cheerfulilight-hearted, and self-assured.


Willy loman2
Willy was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.Loman

  • He failstoliveup, with his death, tolive his familywith a sizableanount of cash, namely $20,000 life insurancepayoff, Willycommitssuicide.

  • ManycriticshaveassertedthatWilly is a modern tragichero, andthat his tragedylies in his belief in an illusoryAmericanDream.


  • Would was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.youblamethesocietyforWilly’stragedy? Ifso, why? If not, why?


  • Miller was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.assertsthatafterseeingDeath of a Salesman,theaudiencemembers

    “wereweepingbecausethecentralmatrix of theplay is.. whatmostpeopleareupagainst in theirlives.. Theywereseeingthemselves, not becauseWilly is a salesman but thesituation in which he stoodandtowhich he wasreactingagainsthim, thecentralsituation of contemporarycivilization. It is thatwearestrugglingwithforcesthatare far greaterthanwe can handle, with no equipmenttomakeanythingmeananything.”


Linda loman
Linda was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.Loman

  • Longsuffering, devotedwife

  • Speakscarefullyand has a quietmanner

  • Takescare of Willy not toraise his temperandcontinuoslypresents a cheerful, hopefulapperance.

  • She has tremendouspatienceandserves as thefamilypeacemaker.


Linda loman1
Linda was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.Loman

  • Sheknowsthedreams of her husbandandsonsandknowsthattheyaredeluded but keepsbolstertheirfantasiesbelievingthatshe is doingthebest.

  • Sherepresentshumandignityandvalues: cooperative, moral, humanbehaviour as opposedtolawlessassertion of self overallothersthroughassumedsuperiority.


Biff loman
Biff was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.Loman

  • Willy’seldest son, once a highschoolfootball idol

  • In his midthirties, lost his youthfulconfidenceandenthusiasm; oftenappears as a troubled, frustrated, deeplysadmanwith a tendencytoescapeintodreams at times.

  • He wasbetrayedby his father at a veryyoungagewhen he discoveredthatWillywashaving an affair.


Biff loman1
Biff was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.Loman

  • Biff, whostealsthings as an adult, blamesgisfatherfor not givinghimtheproperguidancewhen he wascaughtstealing as a child.

  • He alsoblames his fatherforinstilling in himthebeliefthatsuccesslies in theaccumulation of wealth.

  • He is veryunhappyandcannotenjoydoingtheoutdoorlaborforwhich he has a talent.


Biff loman2
Biff was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.Loman

  • He has a greatloveforWillyandthatcreates in himtremendousconfusionandemotionalturmoil.

  • He ultimatelydecidestotrytoshowWillythat his dreamsandfantasiesarefalse. He observesthatWilly “neverknewwho he was” andthat he “had thewrongdreams.”


Happy loman
Happy was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.Loman

  • Theyounger of Willy’ssons; he has grownup in theshadow of his olderbrother.

  • In his earlythirties, even-temperedandamiable, a womanizer

  • He appearsmorecontentthanBiff but at theplay’send he is drawninto his father’sillusions.

  • “I ‘m gonnashowyouandeverybody else thatWillyLomandid not die in vain.”


Ben loman
Ben was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.Loman

  • Willy’solderbrother, forWilly, he is theembodiment of success. (owner of timberlands in Alaskaanddiamondmines in Africa.)

  • He appears in sceneswhichtakeplace in Willy’simagination.

  • Powerful, a greatadventurer, he is everythingWillydreams of becoming.


Ben loman1
Ben was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.Loman

  • His primary role in theplay is toserve as a sounding board forWilly.

  • Theaudiencegains a betterunderstanding of whatdrivesWillyand of his innerthoughts.

  • Willy, excitedby his brother’sstories, responds:

    “That’sjustthespirirt I wanttoimbuethem [HappyandBiff] with. Towalkinto a jungle!”


Charley
Charley was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.

  • Willy’sonlyfriend, and his solefinancialsupport, loaninghim “fiftydollars” a week.

  • He is a succesfulbusinessmanandtriestosaveWillyfrom his dreams, he offersWillycompassionandsupport.

    “Theonlythingyougot in thisworld is whatyou can sell. Andthefunnything is thatyou’re a salesman, andyoudon’tknowthat.”


Bernard
Bernard was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.

  • The son of Charley, Willy’sonlyfriendandsupporteroutside of his family.

  • He wasquite, dependable but a top student.

  • As an adult he displaystheintelligence, self-confidence, andperceptionthathavehelpedhimbecome a succesfulattorney.

  • He contrastssharplywithBiffandHappy.


Other characters
Other was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.Characters

  • Howard Wagner

    Willy’sbosswhorejectsWillyandultimatelyfireshim.

  • TheWoman

    -Willy has an affairwith her. He gives her expensivenylonstockingswhichwererareafter WWII.

    -Sheappears in flashbackscenes, whichserve as a piercingpainfulremindertoWilly.


Other characters1
Other was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.Characters

  • Stanley; thewaiter at therestaurant

  • Letta; prostitute

  • MissForsythe; prostitute

  • Jenny; Howard’ssecretary


Themes
Themes was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.

  • Appearance vs Reality

    -Willy is havingdifficultydistinguishingbetweenwhat is realandwhat he wishesreal. (Delusions)

    -Willyimaginesconversationswith his deadbrother, Ben, whichdemonstrates his fragile grip on reality.

    -BiffandHappythink of themselvessuperiortootherswithoutanyrealevidence.


Individual vs society
Individual was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century. vs Society

  • Willystrugglestowinoverclientsandbecome a truesuccess. He worriesincessantlyabouthow he is perceivedbyothers, andblames his lack of success on variety of superficialthings;

    • Such as; thefactthat he talkstoomuchsopeople do not takehimseriously.


Individual vs society1
Individual was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century. vs Society

  • Willy’sfailure is as a result of his inabilitytoseehimselfandtheworld as theyreallyare:

    • Willy’stalentslie in areasotherthansales, andthebusinessworld no longerrewardssmooth-talking, charismaticsalesmen, but insteadlooksforspeciallytrained, knowledgeable men topromoteitsproducts.


American dream
American was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.Dream

  • Willy’squesttorealizewhat he views as theAmericanDream –the “self-mademan” whorisesout of povertyandbecomesrichandfamous- is a dominant theme in Death of a Salesman.

  • In 1920s, theAmericanDreamwasrepresentedby Henry Ford, who has a greatsuccess in theautomotiveindustry.


American dream1
American was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.Dream

  • Also in 1920s, a career in saleswasbeinghailed as a wayfor a manwithouttrainingoreducationtoachievefinancialsuccess.

  • Pamphlets, lecturesandcoursespromotingstrategiesforimprovingtheskills of salesmanwerewidelydistributedandthesestrategiesfocused on teachingsalesmanhowtoeffectivelymanipulatetheirclients.

  • However in 1940s, thejob market andtheprevailingbeliefhavechangedandsalesmenrequiredspecializedknowledgeandtraining in ordertosucceed.


  • Compare was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.theconcept of AmericanDream in Death of a SalesmanwithPhiladelphia Here I Come.


Extra information on the play
Extra was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.Information on thePlay

  • Miller includesinstructionsthattheonlysubstantialpart of the set should be theLomanhome, andallotherlocalesshould be merelyhinted at byusingchanges in lightingorsettingup a fewchairsor a table.

    Inthisway, theaudience can clearlyseewhichevents on stagearetakingplace in reality, andwhichevents on stagearetakingplace in reality, andwhicharetakingplace inside of Willy’smind.


Extra information on the play1
Extra was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.Information on thePlay

  • Miller’smethod of flashingbackandforthbetweenthepastandthepresent, andbetweentheimaginaryandtherealistic, allowstheaudiencetowitnesshow a lifetimedisappointment, delusion, andfailurehaveledtothecurrentsituation, andshowsfacets of eachcharacterthatwould not havebeenrevealedifonlythepresent-dayoccurences had beenportrayed.


  • Because was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century. of thewaytheplay is constructed, theaudience can seewhatthecharactershavebecomeandwhatexperiences, thoughts, andemotionsledthemtotheirpresentstate.


THE END was a recurring theme of playwrights at this time, and it would dominate much American playwriting for the rest of the 20th century.


ad