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Finding Traffic Solutions for Gurgaon Setting Vision for Sustainable and Integrated Transport Systems. Dr. Kulwant Singh Regional Advisor, UN-HABITAT. Event Organized by Gurgaon Renewal Mission Wednesday , 21 November 2012 • The Palms , Sushant Lok -I Gurgaon. www.unhabitat.org.

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Finding Traffic Solutions for Gurgaon

Setting Vision for Sustainable and Integrated Transport Systems

Dr. Kulwant Singh

Regional Advisor, UN-HABITAT

Event Organized by Gurgaon Renewal Mission

Wednesday , 21 November 2012 •

The Palms , SushantLok-I Gurgaon

www.unhabitat.org



The challenge of Slums

Near 1 billion people living in slums

  • Sub-Saharan Africa: 62% of the urban population

  • South Asia: 43%

  • East Asia: 37%

  • Latin America and the Caribbean: 27%



We cannot continue as we are
We cannot continue as we are

  • Congestion,

  • Health Impacts and Pollution,

  • Poor Economic Performance,

  • Social Exclusion

    Collapse of the City



The prevailing urbanization model
The prevailing Urbanization model

  • The super-super block.

  • High level of zoning.

  • The Tower in the Park.

  • Very low density (< 4,000 hab / sq.km.)

  • The super-way as the backbone of the city.

  • High use of Green as a decorative and softening tool of the model.

  • Well supported by all political tendencies. General consensus.


Conventional solution and promise
Conventional solution and promise.....



Seoul

Restoration of Cheonggyecheon

Decrease of car-traffic volume : 125,000 veh/day

Before

After(Sep. 2005)


A New urban agenda

  • GOAL:To use the city and the urbanization process as the main engine of national economic growth

  • TOOLS: Establishment of a national urban policy.

  • Go back to basics in urban planning. Public space as the first priority (+30% of land)

  • Increase density and reduce overcrowding. City infills and planned city extensions. Basic services (water & sanitation, Energy and Urban Mobility)


UN-Habitat priorities for Urban Mobility

  • Regulation, Legislation and Institutions;

  • New Urban Planning;

  • Urban Design/ Street design; and

  • Public Transport.


Urban Planning: BACK TO THE BASICS –

for Better Mobility Outcomes

  • Plan in advance (30 years)

  • Plan at scale (numbers that make a difference)

  • Plan in phases (of public investment)

  • Plan for social integration (pro-poor policies)

  • Plan for density (incremental)

  • Plan for connectivity (focus on public realm)

  • Plan for energy efficiency and risk prevention


Towards a sustainable, equitable and prosperous city model

  • High Quality Public Space: e.g. 30% street & 20% amenities

  • Good and Qualitative Density: 12,500 hab./ km2

  • Mixed land use :Avoid zoning when possible (10% of the land of the city at the most). Avoid super-way division of neighborhoods

  • Environmentally Sustainable: Efficient Mobility. Emphasis on the walking distances, recovery of the human scale. Reduction of green house gases emissions. Proper building codes.

  • Mixed social structure: Social Integration, Acceptance of Migrants, Social Diversity, Cosmopolitan values, the challenge of living together

  • Practical and enforceable norms and rules: Participatory, democratic, respectful


Transport planning is no longer simply about the “supply” of infrastructure and services

Sound data are the basis of good transport planning

The way we lay out/ plan our cities determines how people travel


“More “supply” of infrastructure and servicesemphasis should be given on Walking and Cycling, density, compactness, multiple use, connectivity

and public transport”


Walking is the most common mode in many developing cities “supply” of infrastructure and services

Yet pedestrians are invisible in the

planning process


Why do people in Copenhagen bike? “supply” of infrastructure and services

  • Environment beliefs?

  • Exercise / Health?

  • Financial reasons?

  • Easy, fast & convenient?

  • Cycling in Copenhagen is Easy Fast Convenient


Reasons “supply” of infrastructure and services

  • 61% Easy, fast & convenient

  • 19% Exercise / Health

  • 6% Financial reasons

  • 1% The environment


All streets need to provide a great walking environment “supply” of infrastructure and services

Trust you customers

If you design it well…

they will come


Eco-Mobility offers multiple benefits to the “supply” of infrastructure and servicesCommunity

EcoMobility:

It’s about doing things right & about doing the right things


Street space is most valuable asset in a city “supply” of infrastructure and services

Distributing and Using Street Space

  • It’s not a financial issue

  • It’s not a technical issue

  • It’s a political issue


Elements to create Change “supply” of infrastructure and services


For public transport, “supply” of infrastructure and services

Emphasize high quality and low-cost

Think metro, use buses!


Sustainable cities transport
Sustainable “supply” of infrastructure and servicescities & transport

  • Interaction at three levels:

    • Land use planning

    • Transport infrastructure

    • Urban design


I am a City Changer “supply” of infrastructure and services

for

Creating

Vibrant and

Healthy

Cities for ALL


Video Clip 2 “supply” of infrastructure and services


www.unhabitat.org “supply” of infrastructure and services

Thanks for your attention!!!