Finding Traffic Solutions for Gurgaon
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Finding Traffic Solutions for Gurgaon Setting Vision for Sustainable and Integrated Transport Systems. Dr. Kulwant Singh Regional Advisor, UN-HABITAT. Event Organized by Gurgaon Renewal Mission Wednesday , 21 November 2012 • The Palms , Sushant Lok -I Gurgaon. www.unhabitat.org.

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Unhabitat

Finding Traffic Solutions for Gurgaon

Setting Vision for Sustainable and Integrated Transport Systems

Dr. Kulwant Singh

Regional Advisor, UN-HABITAT

Event Organized by Gurgaon Renewal Mission

Wednesday , 21 November 2012 •

The Palms , SushantLok-I Gurgaon

www.unhabitat.org


Unhabitat

World Population Growth (in billion)


Unhabitat

The challenge of Slums

Near 1 billion people living in slums

  • Sub-Saharan Africa: 62% of the urban population

  • South Asia: 43%

  • East Asia: 37%

  • Latin America and the Caribbean: 27%


Cities in india are getting choked

Cities in India are getting choked


We cannot continue as we are

We cannot continue as we are

  • Congestion,

  • Health Impacts and Pollution,

  • Poor Economic Performance,

  • Social Exclusion

    Collapse of the City


Unhabitat

The unexpected consequences of the Century


The prevailing urbanization model

The prevailing Urbanization model

  • The super-super block.

  • High level of zoning.

  • The Tower in the Park.

  • Very low density (< 4,000 hab / sq.km.)

  • The super-way as the backbone of the city.

  • High use of Green as a decorative and softening tool of the model.

  • Well supported by all political tendencies. General consensus.


Conventional solution and promise

Conventional solution and promise.....


The ultimate effect

.. the ultimate effect


Unhabitat

Seoul

Restoration of Cheonggyecheon

Decrease of car-traffic volume : 125,000 veh/day

Before

After(Sep. 2005)


Unhabitat

A New urban agenda

  • GOAL:To use the city and the urbanization process as the main engine of national economic growth

  • TOOLS: Establishment of a national urban policy.

  • Go back to basics in urban planning. Public space as the first priority (+30% of land)

  • Increase density and reduce overcrowding. City infills and planned city extensions. Basic services (water & sanitation, Energy and Urban Mobility)


Unhabitat

UN-Habitat priorities for Urban Mobility

  • Regulation, Legislation and Institutions;

  • New Urban Planning;

  • Urban Design/ Street design; and

  • Public Transport.


Unhabitat

Urban Planning: BACK TO THE BASICS –

for Better Mobility Outcomes

  • Plan in advance (30 years)

  • Plan at scale (numbers that make a difference)

  • Plan in phases (of public investment)

  • Plan for social integration (pro-poor policies)

  • Plan for density (incremental)

  • Plan for connectivity (focus on public realm)

  • Plan for energy efficiency and risk prevention


Unhabitat

Towards a sustainable, equitable and prosperous city model

  • High Quality Public Space: e.g. 30% street & 20% amenities

  • Good and Qualitative Density: 12,500 hab./ km2

  • Mixed land use :Avoid zoning when possible (10% of the land of the city at the most). Avoid super-way division of neighborhoods

  • Environmentally Sustainable: Efficient Mobility. Emphasis on the walking distances, recovery of the human scale. Reduction of green house gases emissions. Proper building codes.

  • Mixed social structure: Social Integration, Acceptance of Migrants, Social Diversity, Cosmopolitan values, the challenge of living together

  • Practical and enforceable norms and rules: Participatory, democratic, respectful


Unhabitat

Transport planning is no longer simply about the “supply” of infrastructure and services

Sound data are the basis of good transport planning

The way we lay out/ plan our cities determines how people travel


Unhabitat

“More emphasis should be given on Walking and Cycling, density, compactness, multiple use, connectivity

and public transport”


Unhabitat

Walking is the most common mode in many developing cities

Yet pedestrians are invisible in the

planning process


Unhabitat

Why do people in Copenhagen bike?

  • Environment beliefs?

  • Exercise / Health?

  • Financial reasons?

  • Easy, fast & convenient?

  • Cycling in Copenhagen is Easy Fast Convenient


Unhabitat

Reasons

  • 61% Easy, fast & convenient

  • 19% Exercise / Health

  • 6% Financial reasons

  • 1% The environment


Unhabitat

All streets need to provide a great walking environment

Trust you customers

If you design it well…

they will come


Unhabitat

Eco-Mobility offers multiple benefits to the Community

EcoMobility:

It’s about doing things right & about doing the right things


Unhabitat

Street space is most valuable asset in a city

Distributing and Using Street Space

  • It’s not a financial issue

  • It’s not a technical issue

  • It’s a political issue


Unhabitat

Elements to create Change


Unhabitat

For public transport,

Emphasize high quality and low-cost

Think metro, use buses!


Sustainable cities transport

Sustainable cities & transport

  • Interaction at three levels:

    • Land use planning

    • Transport infrastructure

    • Urban design


Unhabitat

I am a City Changer

for

Creating

Vibrant and

Healthy

Cities for ALL


Unhabitat

Video Clip 2


Unhabitat

www.unhabitat.org

Thanks for your attention!!!


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