Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Traditional Behaviorists. Social – Cognitive Learning Theory Transitional / Contemporary Learning Theorists. The Learning Perspective . Theorist. John B. Watson. Kohn's homepage. Julian B. Rotter. Bandura. Tolman. Self-efficacy information.
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Social – Cognitive Learning Theory
Transitional / Contemporary Learning TheoristsThe Learning Perspective
John B. Watson
Julian B. Rotter
“After the Fact”
Escape – avoidance
Schedules: Continuous or Partial
Fixed ratio Variable ratio Fixed interval Variable interval
Punishment + or –
Generalization Discrimination Extinction Spontaneous recovery
Differ from Behaviorism in their emphasis on the interaction between thoughts, beliefs, and expectations.
Similar in that they stress the influence of the immediate environment on a person’s actions.Transition from Behaviorism
Latent Learning between thoughts, beliefs, and expectations.
Learning that is not immediately expressed.
Learning by watching what others do and what happens to them for doing it.Beyond Behaviorism / The Role of Cognitions
Self – fulfilling prophecy
*You expect to succeed, so your work hard and succeed.
Or your expect to fail, so you don’t do much work, and as
a result you do poorly.
People who have an internal locus
of control tend to believe that they are responsible
for what happens to them, they control their destiny.