How to harvard reference
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HOW TO HARVARD REFERENCE. An Introductory Guide to the Harvard Method of Referencing for use in Blogs and Assignments. WHAT IS HARVARD REFERENCING?.

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HOW TO HARVARD REFERENCE

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How to harvard reference

HOW TO HARVARD REFERENCE

An Introductory Guide

to the

Harvard Method

of Referencing

for use in

Blogs and Assignments


What is harvard referencing

WHAT IS HARVARD REFERENCING?

Published sources include:- Books, Scripts, Magazines, Newspapers, Articles, Diagrams, Videos/DVD, Films, Documentaries, Television Programmes, Online Resources and Websites/Web pages.

  • A method of referencing to let the reader of your work know the published sources of the information you have used and how to find those sources of information

  • It formalizes the way of acknowledging other people’s published work that you have used/included in relation your own assignment.


Rationale

rationale

WHY?

WHERE?

EVERY information source you research and use to inform your own work must be acknowledged:

Within the text of your work

Known as CITATION

AND

In an alphabetical list at the end of your work – known as BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • It confirms that you have used various sources of information to support your work.

  • It proves that you have not taken the work and opinions of others and claimed them as your own – known as PLAGIARISM

  • It clearly identifies that source of information so others may locate it and refer to it.


How to harvard reference

NOTE

  • This is a Quick Guide –

    To Reference other sources you may have to refer to a specialist website – which will also need to be referenced in your Bibliography!


Citation

Citation

CITATION: Single Author:-

In a study by Seedhouse (1997) coping with illness was investigated.

CITATION: Two Authors :-

In the book by Basford and Slevin (1995)…

CITATION: More than two Authors :- (The surname of the first author should be given followed by et. al.)

Benner et al (2004) conclude that…

  • All statements and opinions, conclusions etc taken from another writer’s work should be acknowledged, whether you directly quote, paraphrase or summarize.

  • Use a citation to reference the author whose work you are using or discussing in your work and then list that source of information in your BIBLIOGRAPHY at the end of your assignment.


Direct quotations

Direct quotations

Use Quotation Marks (“ “) as well as Author’s Surname, Year of Publication and Page Number.

SHORT QUOTATIONS – up to 2 lines - can be incorporated in the body of the text.

Buffino (2008 p.471) states that “Vampire Story is a very funny play. But it is not a comedy.”

Hagen (2008 p.23) questions

“ Where are the real human beings in these plays?” and continues “…They are lost behind ready-made, false forms.”

LONGER QUOTATIONS – should be indented in a separate paragraph.

Berry (2001 p.149) in discussing metaphor in language, reinforces the idea by providing an example from Troilus and Cressida:

“The dialogue between Troilus and Cressida, Act II,I scene ii, when they declare their love. It is interesting to note the very different male and female imagery by which they communicate.”


How to harvard reference

TIP

  • It takes time to record citations and references correctly but get into the habit of noting them down as you create your work. It makes it easier to keep track of the sources of information you have used.

    When using a WEBSITE print off the front page and keep it to remind you of the URL and the date you accessed it.


Bibliography books

Bibliography BOOKS


Bibliography magazines journals periodicals

Bibliography Magazines / journals / periodicals


Bibliography newspaper articles

Bibliography newspaper articles


How to harvard reference

NOTE

  • DIAGRAMS & TABLES

  • FILM – DVD- You TUBE

  • TV PROGS.

  • AUDIO –CD’s, I tunes, Radio Programmes

  • LIVE PERFORMANCES

  • ALL NEED TO BE REFERENCED


Bibliography web pages and web sites with authors

Bibliography web pages and web sites with AUTHORS


Bibliography web pages and web sites without authors

Bibliography web pages and web sites without AUTHORS


How to harvard reference

TIP

  • Always make a note of the exact URL (website address) of your source information including You Tube, as these may change rapidly.

  • Make a note of the date you accessed the website as sources of information on the internet can change very rapidly.


Bibliography online resources e library moodle

Bibliography online resources / e library / moodle


Bibliography online resources e books

Bibliography online resources / e- BOOKS


Bibliography internet newspapers and journals

Bibliography internet newspapers and journals


How to harvard reference

TIP

  • Using quotations and referencing correctly means that you are building up your writing skills and that you can back up your work with evidence.

  • The HARVARD METHOD is a well established and internationally recognised way to cite and reference


Bibliogrpahy

BIBLIOGRPAHY


Bibliography

BIBLIOGRApHY


How to harvard reference

TIP

Everything that you cite within your text must be referenced in the Bibliography.

Everything that is in the Bibliography does not need to be cited.

Always try to have as wide a range of sources as possible.


Further harvard reference references

FURTHER HARVARD REFERENCEREFERENCES

  • http://libweb.anglia.ac.uk/referencing/harvard.htm

    The Open University has an excellent document guide to HR which can be downloaded to your computer –

  • Search Harvard Referencing OU for the Document

These sites will give even more detail to aid you in referencing professionally and correctly.

Presentation Compiled by Ellie Darvill

ALSO – TRY

http://www.neilstoolbox.com/bibliography-creator/

http://www.harvardgenerator.com


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