Successful integration of mobility management into site development phoenix west dortmund germany
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 17

Ulrike Reutter, Mechtild Stiewe, Janina Welsch PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 84 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Successful Integration of Mobility Management into Site Development ‚PHOENIX-West‘ Dortmund, Germany. Ulrike Reutter, Mechtild Stiewe, Janina Welsch. Background. In Germany Mobility Management (MM) is generally not integrated into urban planning

Download Presentation

Ulrike Reutter, Mechtild Stiewe, Janina Welsch

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Successful integration of mobility management into site development phoenix west dortmund germany

Successful Integration of Mobility Management into Site Development ‚PHOENIX-West‘ Dortmund, Germany

Ulrike Reutter, Mechtild Stiewe, Janina Welsch


Ulrike reutter mechtild stiewe janina welsch

Background

  • In Germany Mobility Management (MM) is generally not integrated into urban planning

  • ILS is working on this topic within tworesearchprojects, both look for existing possibilities of better integrating MM into urban planning in Germany as well as Europe and propose good solutions:

    • Mobility Management in urban planningGerman title: Mobilitätsmanagement in der Stadtplanung Funded by Ministry for Building, Transportation and Urban AffairsBundesministerium für Verkehr, Bauen und Stadtentwicklung BMVBSForschungsprogramm Stadtverkehr (FOPS) Project FE 70.794

    • MAX – Successful Travel Awareness Campaigns and Mobility Management StrategiesCo-funded by the European Commission within the Sixth Framework Programme (2002-2008). Project No: 518368

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany


Ulrike reutter mechtild stiewe janina welsch

Preconditions in German Planning Law (1)

  • German planning system is a federal system with generally 3 levels: national, state, municipal

  • Nationallaws set only the framework conditions for the lower levelsMain law is theFederal Building Code (Baugesetzbuch – BauGB)

    • municipalities can close a contract with developers to set special rules for the development of the site

  • The 16 States have the main responsibility for spatial planning and set the rules for planning in the municipalities together with national lawMain laws are the State Building Codes (Bauordnung – BauO)

    • detailed regulations for each State e.g. for defining the minimum number of requested parking spaces for new buildings

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany


Ulrike reutter mechtild stiewe janina welsch

Preconditions in German Planning Law (2)

  • Municipalities

    • prepare local land use plans (Flächennutzungsplan) for the whole administrative area

    • prepare site development plans (Bebauungsplan) for development areas within the city

    • grant building permissions if the buildings are in accordance with the plans

  • Within these plans municipalities have the opportunity to create good preconditions for integrating MM and set the legalframework for the development site

  • Mobility Management itself or instruments like travel plans are not defined and not integrated in German planning laws and instruments

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany


Best practice dortmund phoenix west

Location of Dortmund in Germanysource: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bild:Deutschland_topo.jpg

Best practice: Dortmund PHOENIX-West

  • City of Dortmund was chosen as best-practice example within both research projects

  • The city produced a ‘Masterplan Mobility’ as an informal planning instrument to guide the transport development (use of MM is included)

  • Dortmund aims to integrate Mobility Management into re-development of the former industrial area PHOENIX-West

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany


Ulrike reutter mechtild stiewe janina welsch

Location of PHOENIX-Areasource: Stadt Dortmund 2006

Location of Dortmund and PHOENIX-Area

  • Dortmund belongs to the State North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW)

  • The city is part of the Ruhr-Area which has a long history of coal & steelindustries

    • Whole Ruhr-Area is (still) facing a far reaching economic structural change

    • Many of the former industrial sites are re-developed and used in various ways (industrial museums, cultural venues, businesses, housing etc.)

    • PHOENIX-West in Dortmund is such a brown-field re-development site

Location of NRW and Ruhr-Areasource: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bild:Lage_des_Ruhrgebiets.png

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany


Ulrike reutter mechtild stiewe janina welsch

PHOENIX-Area: brown-field re-development site

  • PHOENIX-Area: 150 years of industrial history(steel production)

    • PHOENIX-West closure in 1998: ~ 1 km²

Aerial view of PHOENIX-West area in June 2007source: www.phoenixdortmund.de

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany


Planned uses for phoenix area

Planned uses for PHOENIX-Area

PHOENIX-West PHOENIX-East

Hörde – district centre existing uses: shopping, housing, businesses

technology & business park

planned uses: micro- & nano technologies, IT businesses

new Phoenix-Lake (man made)planned uses: mainly housing & leisure

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany


Ulrike reutter mechtild stiewe janina welsch

PHOENIX-West: planning for high quality development

  • Dortmund set preconditions and the legalframework for PHOENIX-Westwithinthe site development plan aiming for a high quality development:

    • City defines areas for special uses (e.g. micro & nano technologies, IT businesses)

    • City aims for a high density area (e.g. heights, building lines & borders)

    • City builds only few off-site parking spaces along the streets

  • When the site is fully developed:

    • about 10.000 people will work at PHOENIX-West

    • about 34.000 car-trips per day are predicted (without MM)

    • up to 3 multi-story car parks will be built (central parking)

    • good accessibility with public transport will be offered

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany


Phoenix west guidebooks for developers

PHOENIX-West: Guidebooks for developers

  • High quality development needs special guidance. Therefore the city set different framework conditions for design, energy and mobility

  • For each topic a special guidebook was produced as a tool for consultations with developers

  • Design e.g. where to build, front design and material, good examples

  • Energy e.g. regulations for heating and cooling, energy saving construction, use of daylight

  • Mobility shows e.g.

    • how to reduce the quantity of required parking spaces

    • examples of MM measures

    • examples and design for (automatic) multi storey parking  use rare space more efficient

Mobilitätshandbuch

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany


Ulrike reutter mechtild stiewe janina welsch

PHOENIX-West: planning for sustainable mobility

  • High quality development  not enough space: in most cases, not all requested parking spaces can be built as ground level parking

    Classical solutions

  • build all required parking spaces and pay for the maintenance:some ground-level parking spaces + underground or multi-storey car park expensive solution

  • pay off to the city of Dortmund a certain amount of parking spaces (build the rest) expensive solution

    New solution

  • reduce the requested number of on-site parking spaces using Mobility Management implement MM to change travel behaviour & reduce the need for parking build less parking spaces and savemoney

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany


Ulrike reutter mechtild stiewe janina welsch

Planning simulation – gaining an insight into practitioners views

  • Use of the planning simulation within research projects:

    • To get all stakeholders involved in the discussion: different administrative departments, developers, architects, business manager, PT-company, legal experts

    • To gain insight in their different views

    • To look at acceptance of the offered solution (using MM to reduce parking spaces)

    • To offer a practical solution to implement MM (ILS introduced a prototype companytravel plan)

    • To foster the implementationprocess for PHOENIX-West by discussing legal procedure within the building permission process

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany


Ulrike reutter mechtild stiewe janina welsch

Planning simulation – results and keys of success (1)

  • Key of success: Dortmund has a strong intention to develop PHOENIX-West sustainable and with high quality

  • City asks the developers to contribute to this high quality and communicates the profits of regulations and guidelines

  • In this early phase of implementation of MM consultancy and information about the procedure and the advantages are needed

    • The transportplanning department of Dortmund will offer advice how to produce a travel plan, but has only limited capacities in the long run, externalconsultants are needed

    • It is expected that for most companies the production of a travel plan and the implementation and monitoring of the MM measures will be cheaper than building and maintaining all required parking spaces

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany


Ulrike reutter mechtild stiewe janina welsch

Planning simulation – results and keys of success (2)

  • Mobility Management must be offered as a voluntary option (to the developers), because:

    • MM is still a new instrument in Germany,

    • There is no legal obligation for companies to produce a travel plan

    • There is a strong competition for new developments and enterprises between the cities

  • MM creates a win-win situation for the city and the companies:

    • To give the opportunity to minimise the required numbers of parking spaces and thus to save money

    • To achieve a highurban quality and a high environmentalquality for PHOENIX-West

    • Highly motivated people are needed to communicate these advantages to most of the stakeholders

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany


Ulrike reutter mechtild stiewe janina welsch

Planning simulation – barriers of success

  • Difficulties to implement MM for speculative developments(unknown user)

  • Is Mobility Management a potential barrier for re-selling the buildings?

  • The local public transport company in Dortmund doesn’t see itself as inter-modal mobility provider

    • e.g. cycling is seen as competing mode, not as a complementing mode to public transport  low quality service for bicycles at PT stations

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany


Conclusions where there is a will there is a way

Conclusions: Where there is a will there is a way

  • Is the integration of Mobility Management into site development at PHOENIX-West successful?

    • Integration of MM into urban planning is not supported by most of the existing planning laws

    • But integration is possible if the city is planning for good preconditions and is willing to use the existing potentials

    • The most important factor is the will to change the mobility behaviour from the very beginning of the building process. That will prevent future mobility problems

    • Parts of the concept are already used - legal details still need to be solved within the city's administration to use a travel plan for implementing MM

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany


Thank you for your attention www ils nrw de

Thank you for your attentionwww.ils.nrw.de

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany


  • Login