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13:00-14:15. Double dividends ?. WASH services, society and state in fragile contexts. Why WASH in fragile contexts?. Source: wssinfo.org. Services for their own sake?. Source: WASH Liberia. … or also to support states and societies. Source: WASH Liberia. Politics matters.

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Double dividends

13:00-14:15

Double dividends?

WASH services, society and state in fragile contexts


Why wash in fragile contexts
Why WASH in fragile contexts?

Source: wssinfo.org

Supporting fragile states through WASH


Services for their own sake
Services for their own sake?

Source: WASH Liberia

Supporting fragile states through WASH


Or also to support states and societies
… or also to support states and societies

Source: WASH Liberia

Supporting fragile states through WASH


Politics matters
Politics matters

  • There is nothing new in this idea

  • But we need to understand more about

  • How it matters: more specifically, how particular types of governance and political factors affect service delivery processes and outcomes (at sector and national level)

  • What to do about it: The key principles and models for more effectively addressing these factors

Supporting fragile states through WASH


Politics matters especially where politics are tricky
Politics matters, especially where politics are tricky

Supporting fragile states through WASH


How might wash support peace state building
How might WASH support peace & state-building?

Source: : AFP/ Ramzi Haidir; WASH Liberia,; Barbara van Koppen; ; Barbara van Koppen; GVI; UNAMID

Supporting fragile states through WASH


So far so intuitive but what is the evidence
So far, so intuitive – but what is the evidence?

ODI research with Tearfund on their WASH programmes in DRC and South Sudan

  • Visibility: INGOs predominantly seen as service providers in all project sites

  • Collective action: Scope for collaboration, especially around sanitation provision (CCMP, Central Equatoria)

  • Inclusion: Who is seen to benefit from WASH services can pose conflict risks (North Kivu, Aweil)

  • Accountability: Understanding the nature of accountability relationships between different groups is key (incl chiefs, churches)

Supporting fragile states through WASH


A plausible framework
A plausible framework?

Collective

action

Citizen expectations and relations

State capacity and legitimacy

Visibility

Inclusion

Opportunity

Account-

ability

Conditioning factors

Conditioning factors

Entry points (mediating factors that

can be considered at programming level)

Supporting fragile states through WASH


References
References:

Yardley (2013) Double dividends: Exploring how water, sanitation and hygiene programmes can contribute to peace- and state-building. Teddington, UK: Tearfund. http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/WASH%20and%20PBSB%20policy%20FINAL%20web%20(1).pdf

Pickwick (2013) Double dividends? Exploring how Tearfund’s water, sanitation and hygiene programmes in South Sudan can contribute to peace- and state-building. Humanitarian Exchange Magazine, Issue 57 May 2013. http://www.odihpn.org/humanitarian-exchange-magazine/issue-57/double-dividends-exploring-how-tearfunds-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-programmes-in-south-sudan-can-contribute-to-peace-and-state-building

Wild and Mason (2012) Examining the role of WASH services within peace- and state- building processes: findings from Tearfund programmes in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Republic of South Sudan. London: Overseas Development Institute. http://www.odi.org.uk/publications/7329-wash-conflict-fragile-states-water-governance

Kooy and Wild (2012) WASH service delivery in South Sudan: Contributions to Peace building and State building. ODI research report, London: Overseas Development Institute. http://www.odi.org.uk/publications/7331-wash-conflict-water-fragile 

Kooy and Bailey (2012) WASH service delivery in DRC: Contributions to peace building and state building. ODI research report, London: Overseas Development Institute. http://www.odi.org.uk/publications/7330-tearfund-water-sanitation-hygiene-service-delivery-democratic-republic-congo-contributions-peace-building-state-building

Mason (2012) Relationships between water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) service delivery and peace-building and state-building: a review of the literature. ODI working paper 362, London: Overseas Development Institute. http://www.odi.org.uk/publications/7132-water-supply-sanitation-hygiene-wash-peace-state-building

Supporting fragile states through WASH


Questions
Questions:

1.        How could things be done differently - tomorrow - in WASH interventions in fragile states?

2.        What are the obstacles or challenges related to WASH and peace/state building?

3.        What are the skills and capacities required within the WASH sector (donors, NGOs, governments) to enable positive impacts on peace and state building? 

4.        How could WASH interventions make a smoother transition between humanitarian and development activities?

Supporting fragile states through WASH


Thank you for your participation

Thankyou for your participation

www.unesco-ihe.org


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