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Adjectives and Adverbs. What is an Adjective?. An adjective is a word that modifies, or describes, a noun or a pronoun. The noisy crowd cheered for Darla. describes. Adjective. Adjectives answer the questions what kind, which one, how many, and how much. Indefinite Articles.

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what is an adjective
What is an Adjective?

An adjective is a word that modifies, or describes, a noun or a pronoun.

  • The noisy crowd cheered for Darla.

describes

Adjective

indefinite articles
Indefinite Articles

A and an are forms of the indefinite article. The indefinite article is used before a noun that names a nonspecific person, place, thing, or idea.

  • A sudden turn can cause an accident.
definite articles
Definite Articles

A definite article refers to a particular person, place, thing, or idea.

  • The competition continued through the afternoon.
forming adjectives
Forming Adjectives
  • Many adjectives are formed from common nouns.
predicate adjectives
Predicate Adjectives

A predicate adjective is an adjective that follows a linking verb and describes the verb’s subject. The linking verb connects the predicate adjective with the subject.

  • The airplanes were strange.

Describes

Subject

Predicate Adjective

Linking Verb

demonstrative pronouns
Demonstrative Pronouns

This, that, these, and those are demonstrative pronouns that can be used as adjectives.

  • This phone has a dial.
  • That phone has a keypad.

modifies

modifies

possessive pronouns
Possessive Pronouns

My, our, your, her, his, its, and their are possessive pronouns that are used as adjectives.

  • Your phone is lighter. My phone has better reception.

modifies

modifies

indefinite pronouns
Indefinite Pronouns

Indefinite pronouns such as all, each, both, few, most, and some can be used as adjectives.

  • Originally, few people believed in the idea of the telephone.

modifies

what is an adverb
What is an Adverb?

An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

  • Historians strongly believe that the Chinese invented rockets.
  • Ancient Chinese warriors fired very powerful rockets.
  • Today, rockets almost always power missiles and spacecraft.

modifies

Verb

modifies

Adj.

modifies

Adverb

intensifiers
Intensifiers

Intensifiers are adverbs that modify adjectives or other adverbs. They are usually placed directly before the words they modify. Intensifiers usually answer the question to what extent.

  • We covered our ears very quickly

modifies

forming adverbs
Forming Adverbs
  • Many adverbs are formed by adding the suffix –lyto adjectives.
making comparisons
Making Comparisons

Adjectives and adverbs can be used to compare people or things. Special forms of these words are used to make comparisons.

Comparative form: Use the comparative form of an adjective or adverb when you compare a person or thing with one other person or thing.

  • The Titanic was larger than the Olympic

Superlative form: Use the superlative form of an adjective or adverb when you compare someone or something with more than one thing.

  • The Titanic was the largest ship of all.
good and well
Good and Well

Good is always an adjective; it modifies a noun or a pronoun.

  • The ice-cream sundae was a good invention.

Well is usually an adverb, modifying a verb, an adverb, or an adjective. Well is an adjective when it refers to health.

  • Ice-cream sold well.

modifies

Adjective

Noun

Verb

Adverb

slide17

Modifies

  • He doesn’t feel well.

Pronoun

Adjective

real and really
Real and Really

Real is always an adjective; it modifies a noun or a pronoun.

  • Medical inventions can make a real difference.

Really is always an adverb; it modifies a verb, an adverb, or an adjective.

  • A few inventions have really changed our lives.

adjective

Noun

Adverb

Verb

bad and badly
Bad and Badly

Bad is always an adjective; it modifies a noun or a pronoun.

  • A bad illness can require medicine.

Badly is always an adverb; it modifies a verb, an adverb, or an adjective.

  • I did badly on the last science quiz.

adjective

noun

verb

adverb

avoiding double negatives
Avoiding Double Negatives

A negative word is a word that implies that something does not exist or happen. Some common negative words are listed below.

If two negative words are used where only one is needed, the result is a double negative. Avoid double negatives in your speaking and writing.

double negatives
Double Negatives

Incorrect:

I can’t hardly believe someone created pajamas for dogs.

Correct:

I can hardly believe someone created pajamas for dogs.

or

I can’t believe someone created pajamas for dogs.

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