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Workstation Processors. Manuel Ortiz Bey Eduardo Diaz Hector Ramos. 2 ½ Bits Electrical and Computer Engineering August 27 th , 2004. Outline. Introduction Processor Key Elements and Comparison Considerations. Workstation Processors. High End Mainstream Low End Conclusion

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Workstation processors

Workstation Processors

Manuel Ortiz Bey

Eduardo Diaz

Hector Ramos

2 ½ Bits

Electrical and Computer Engineering

August 27th, 2004


Outline
Outline

  • Introduction

    • Processor Key Elements and Comparison Considerations.

  • Workstation Processors.

    • High End

    • Mainstream

    • Low End

  • Conclusion

    • Best High End, Mainstream, and Low End Processors.

  • References


Introduction

L1 Cache

L2 Cache

FSB (Front Side Bus)

Process Technology

Power Consumption

Special Instructions

Core

Cost

The MegaHertz Battle

Introduction


High end processors
High-End Processors

  • AMD Athlon64 2800+ - 3400+:

    • Clawhammer Core

      • 1.8-2.2GHz

      • 128KB L1, 512KB L2 / 1MB L2

      • MMX, SSE, SSE2, 3DNOW!, 3DNOW!+, Cool’n’Quiet

      • 89W

      • 130 nm

      • 200Mhz

      • Integrated memory controller, HyperTransport, 64-bits

      • $149 - $283


High end processors1
High-End Processors

  • AMD Athlon64 FX-53:

    • Sledgehammer Core

      • 2.4GHz

      • 128KB L1, 1MB L2

      • MMX, SSE, SSE2, 3DNOW!, 3DNOW!+, Cool’n’Quiet

      • 89W

      • 130 nm

      • 200Mhz

      • Integrated dual DDR memory controller

      • $775


High end processors2
High-End Processors

  • AMD Athlon64 3800+:

    • Newcastle

      • 2.4GHz

      • 128KB L1, 512KB L2

      • MMX, SSE, SSE2, 3DNOW!, 3DNOW!+, Cool’n’Quiet

      • 89W

      • 130 nm

      • 200Mhz

      • Integrated dual DDR memory controller, half L2 cache

      • $643


High end processors3
High-End Processors

  • Intel Pentium4 3.4E Extreme Edition:

    • Prescott

      • 3.4GHz

      • 16KB L1, 1MB L2, 2MB L3

      • MMX, SSE, SSE2, SSE3, Hyper-Threading

      • 103W

      • 90 nm

      • 800Mhz

      • Increased HyperThreading performance, 31 pipeline stages, SSE3

      • $1,059


Mainstream processors
Mainstream Processors

  • AMD Athlon XP:

    • Thoroughbred Core

      • 1.72-2.17GHz

      • 128KB L1, 256KB L2

      • MMX, SSE, 3DNOW!, 3DNOW!+

      • 62.1W-68.3W

      • 130 nm

      • 266-333Mhz

      • $60-$109


Mainstream processors1
Mainstream Processors

  • AMD Athlon XP:

    • Barton Core

      • 1.83 - 2.2GHz

      • 128KB L1, 512KB L2

      • MMX, SSE, 3DNOW!, 3DNOW!+

      • 68.3W-74.3W

      • 130 nm

      • 333-400Mhz

      • $79-$200


Mainstream processors2
Mainstream Processors

  • Pentium 4:

    • Northwood Core

      • 2.4 - 3.2GHz

      • 20KB L1, 512KB L2

      • MMX, SSE, SSE2, Hyper Threading

      • 66.2W-82.0W

      • 130 nm

      • 400-800Mhz

      • $130 -$289


Mainstream processors3
Mainstream Processors

  • Apple G4:

    • 400-800Mhz

    • 1MB Cache

    • Designed and Enhanced for Multiprocessing

    • 46-113W

    • 150 nm

    • 400-800Mhz

    • N/A


Mainstream processors4
Mainstream Processors

  • Apple G5:

    • Up to 2.5Ghz

    • 512KB Cache

    • 64 bit, Multiprocesing, High Precision Calculations per clock cycle.

    • 42W

    • 130 nm

    • 900-1.25Ghz

    • Cost: N/A


Low end processors
Low-End Processors

  • Pentium4 Celeron

    • Northwood

      • 950MHz - 2.80 GHz

      • 20 KB L1, 256 KB L2

      • MMX, SSE, SSE2, Based on P4

      • 26.7W to 68.4W

      • Process: 130/180nm

      • FSB: up to 400 MHz

      • $57 to $118


Low end processors1
Low-End Processors

  • Pentium4 Celeron D

    • Prescott

      • Frequency: 2.4Ghz- 2.8Ghz

      • 28KB L1, 256 KB L2

      • MMX, SSE,SSE2,SSE3, 90nm

      • Process: 90nm

      • 533Mhz

      • Cost:$68- $109


Low end processors2
Low-End Processors

  • AMD Sempron (2200+-2800+)

    • Thorton / Thoroughbred

      • 1.5 - 2.0Ghz

      • 128KB L1, 256KB L2

      • MMX, SSE,3DNOW!, 3DNOW!+,HyperTransport

      • Power Consumption: 62W

      • Process: 130nm

      • 333Mhz

      • Cost: $65-$120


Low end processors3
Low-End Processors

  • AMD Sempron (3100+)

    • Paris

      • 1.8GHz

      • 128KB L1, 256KB L2

      • MMX, SSE, SSE2, 3DNOW!, 3DNOW!+, Integrated Memory Controller

      • 62W

      • 130nm

      • Cost: $145


Conclusion
Conclusion

  • Best High End Processor: Athlon64 FX-53

  • Best Mainstream Processor: AMD Athlon XP Barton

  • Best Low End Processor: AMD Sempron 3100+


References
References

  • Tom’s Hardware Guide http://www.tomshardware.com

  • SharkyExtreme http://www.sharkyextreme.com

  • NewEgg.com http://www.newegg.com

  • Google.com http://www.google.com


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