REDD+ Social and Environmental Standards Initiative
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REDD+ Social and Environmental Standards Initiative Rahima Njaidi, Community Forest Conservation Network (MJUMITA)-Tanzania PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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REDD+ Social and Environmental Standards Initiative Rahima Njaidi, Community Forest Conservation Network (MJUMITA)-Tanzania. REDD+ Social & Environmental Standards What are they?.

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REDD+ Social and Environmental Standards Initiative Rahima Njaidi, Community Forest Conservation Network (MJUMITA)-Tanzania

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REDD+ Social and Environmental Standards Initiative

Rahima Njaidi, Community Forest Conservation Network (MJUMITA)-Tanzania

REDD+ Social & Environmental Standards What are they?

Safeguards that ensure that environmental and social cosiderations are taken into account when developing and implementing REDD+ Progs

  • Consist of principles, criteriaandindicators that define the necessary conditions to achieve high social and environmental performance

  • Provide a framework for assessment of social and environmental performance using a multistakeholder assessment process

  • Support the design, implementation and evaluation of government-led REDD+ programs, enabling consistent assessment irrespective of funding source

  • Aim to enhance benefits as well as avoid harm.

Standards development process

Multistakeholder workshops






May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun



90 days

60 days

Public comment periods







Version 1

Participating countries


  • Significant progress towards a government-led REDD+ program

  • Strong government commitment to demonstrating social and environmental performance of REDD

Governance of the REDD+ SES Initiative

  • International Standards Committee oversees the initiative

    • Approves each draft of the standards, guidelines on use

    • Membership ensures stakeholder balance with a majority from developing countries

      • governments of countries implementing REDD+ programs

      • indigenous peoples’ organizations

      • community associations

      • social NGOs

      • environmental NGOs

      • private sector

  • CCBA & CARE are facilitators (international secretariat) with technical support from Proforest

  • Principle 1: Rights to land, territories and resources are recognized and respected

    Criteria address:

    Identification of rights-holders and their rights

    Recognition of statutory and customary rights

    Free, prior informed consent

    Process to resolve disputes over land/resources related to the REDD+ program

    Carbon rights

    Principle 2: The benefits of the REDD+ program are shared equitably among all relevant rights holders and stakeholders

    Criteria address:

    Identification of costs, benefits and risks of REDD+ for different rights holder/stakeholder groups

    Transparency, participation, effectiveness and efficiency of the benefit sharing process

    Monitoring of costs and benefits and their distribution

    Principle 3: The REDD+ program contributes to long-term livelihood security and enhances well-being of indigenous peoples and local communities with special attention to the most vulnerable people

    Criteria address:

    Livelihood security benefits emphasizing most vulnerable

    Decision making process on the form benefits will take

    Assessment of positive and negative social, cultural and economic impacts

    Measures to mitigate negative & enhance positive impacts

    Principle 4: The REDD+ program contributes to broader sustainable development, respect and protection of human rights and good governance objectives.

    Criteria address:

    Contribution to sustainable development objectives

    Coherence with relevant policies and strategies

    Coordination between government and other relevant agencies/organisations

    Improvement in governance of the forest and other relevant sectors

    Principle 5: The REDD+ program maintains and enhances biodiversity and ecosystem services

    Criteria address:

    Maintenance and enhancement of biodiversity and ecosystem services

    Assessment of positive and negative impacts on ecosystem services and biodiversity

    Adaptive management of the REDD+ program in response to impact assessment

    Principle 6: All relevant rights holders and stakeholders participate fully and effectively in the REDD+ program

    Criteria address:

    Rights holder/stakeholder identification & characterization

    Participation in design, implementation and evaluation

    Representation of rights holders/stakeholders

    Capacity to participate effectively

    Building on existing knowledge/skills/management systems

    Resolution of grievances

    Principle 7: All rights holders and stakeholders and have timely access to appropriate and accurate information to enable informed decision-making and good governance of the REDD+ program

    Criteria address:

    Public availability of information for general awareness

    Rights holders/stakeholder having information necessary for full and effective participation

    Dissemination of information by representatives to their constituencies

    Feedback from rights holders/stakeholders to their representatives

    Principle 8: The REDD+ program complies with applicable local and national laws and international treaties and other instruments

    Criteria address:

    Compliance with relevant local law, national law and international treaties and agreements

    Process for resolving inconsistencies

    Capacity of stakeholders to implement and monitor legal requirements

    What the standards can be applied to

    • Processes for development of country-level REDD+ programs, strategies, policies and plans

    • Implementation of country-level REDD+ policies and plans

    • Social and environmental outcomes on the ground

    Role of the standards

    • Provide good practice guidance for the design, implementation or evaluation of a REDD+ program;

    • Provide a framework for countries to report on performance of their REDD+ programs through a multistakeholder assessment process;

    • Compliance

    • Assess the social and environmental performance of a REDD+ program with respect to requirements of the standards

    Using the standards at country level

    • Governance: a multistakeholder country-level Standards Committee approves indicators, process and reports

    • Interpretation: participatory approach to development of country-specific indicators and assessment process

    • Assessment:

      • Monitoring – collection of information to evaluate performance

      • Reviewing – by stakeholders to ensure the information is accurate and credible

      • Reporting – communicating the assessment and ensuring transparency

    Safeguards under the Cancun Agreement

    Para 70: encourages reducing emissions from deforestation, degradation, enhancing carbon stocks, sustainable management of forests and conservation of forest carbon stocks.

    71. Requests developing country Parties aiming to undertake activities referred to in paragraph 70 above (REDD+), […] to develop the following elements:

    (d) A system for providing information on how the safeguards referred to in Annex I to this decision are being addressed and respected throughout the implementation of the activities referred to in paragraph 70, while respecting sovereignty;

    UNFCCC – Cancun Agreement

    • Annex 1. Safeguards to be supported/promoted:

    • Actions are consistent with objectives of national forest programmes and relevant international conventions and agreements;

    • Transparent and effective national forest governance structures;

    • Respect for the knowledge and rights of indigenous peoples and members of local communities;

    • Full and effective participation of relevant stakeholders;

    • Conservation of natural forests and biological diversity,

      • not used for the conversion of natural forests,

      • incentivize the protection and conservation of natural forests and their ecosystem services

      • enhance other social and environmental benefits;

    Overview of REDD+SES status

    • Ecuador

      • Facilitated by CI, CARE and Govt of Ecuador

      • Country-level Standards Committee created

      • First draft of country specific indicators developed through stakeholder workshop

      • 90-day public comment period and 2 indigenous peoples workshops

      • Developing a monitoring plan

    • Brazil – Acre State

      • Facilitated by CARE and State Government

      • Standards committee being created

      • First draft of country specific indicators

    Overview of status

    • Nepal

      • Facilitated by FECOFUN and Govt. of Nepal

      • Standards committee in place

      • Safeguards integration and planning workshop in July 2011

      • Country specific interpretation to start in July 2011

    • Tanzania

      • Facilitated by Clinton Climate Initiative and Govt. of Tanzania

      • Safeguards committee being created

      • Safeguards integration and planning workshop in May 2011

      • Country specific interpretation to start in July 2011

    • Indonesia – Central Kalimantan

      • Facilitated by Clinton Climate Initiative and Provincial Govt.

      • Task force established, Standards committee under discussion

      • Country specific interpretation to start in July 2011?

    Challenges and lessons learned

    • Multiple national and international safeguards mechanisms

    • Implementing and assessing free, prior and informed consent

    • Capacity to manage multistakeholder processes

    Contribution of REDD+ SES

    • Consistent and comprehensive performance assessment framework developed through international consensus

    • Indicators and assessment process are tailored to the country context

    • Multistakeholder approach (government, civil society and private sector) enhances quality, credibility and joint ownership

    • Promotes higher social and environmental performance beyond “no harm”

    • Enables participating countries to communicate performance to national and international stakeholders

    • Enables donors/investors to reduce risk and recognize/reward higher performance




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