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4: Sentence Types. This chapter will help you understand and identify some of the various types of sentences. Chapter Outline . Sentence Types: The Simple Sentence The Compound Sentence The Complex Sentence. The Simple Sentence.

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4 sentence types

4: Sentence Types

This chapter will help you understand and identify some of the various types of sentences.

chapter outline
Chapter Outline 
  • Sentence Types:
  • The Simple Sentence
  • The Compound Sentence
  • The Complex Sentence
the simple sentence
The Simple Sentence
  • A simple sentence  has only one subject-verb combination and expresses a complete thought.

For example:

  • Children play.
  • Joeruns.
  • The dogate my homework.
slide4

A simple sentence can have more than one subject, more than one verb, or several subjects and verbs.

  • A simple sentence may have more than one subject:

Lemons and limes taste sharp and tangy.

slide5

A simple sentence can have more than one subject, more than one verb, or several subjects and verbs.

  • A simple sentence may have more than one verb:

The puppies nipped and nuzzled one another playfully.

slide6

A simple sentence can have more than one subject, more than one verb, or several subjects and verbs.

  • A simple sentence may even have several subjects and verbs:

Every New Year’s Eve, my parents, aunts, and uncles eat, dance, and welcome the new year together.

the compound sentence
THE COMPOUND SENTENCE
  • A compound sentence is made up of two or more simple sentences. Usually, the two complete statements are connected by a commaand a joining word.

For example:

The dogate my homework, so Iam in trouble.

Jojowas in Canada, and Loretta wasin US.

slide10

Supper is ready.

  • The guests have not arrived.

These two simple sentences can be combined to form one compound sentence:

  • Supper is ready, but the guests have not arrived.
  • The process of joining two ideas of equal importance is known as coordination.
  • Put a comma plus a joining word (also known as a coordinating conjunction), such as and, but, or so, between the two complete thoughts.
slide11

The cover is torn off this book, and the last few pages are missing.

(And means in addition: The cover is torn off this book; in addition, the last few pages are missing.)

slide12

The kittens are darling, but we can’t have another pet.

But means however: The kittens are darling; however, we can’t have another pet.)

slide13

Kendra has to get up early tomorrow, so she isn’t going to the party tonight.

(So means as a result: Kendra has to get up early tomorrow; as a result, she isn’t going to the party tonight.)

complex sentence
Complex sentence
  • A complex sentence is made of a complete simple sentence and a statement that begins with a dependent word (such as:although, before, that, which.)

For example:

  • The dogate my homework, although I told him not to.
  • Jojowas in Tuscon, which is very strange.
slide17

If it thunders, our dog hides under the bed.

  • Each thought could stand alone as an independent statement. A complex sentence, on the other hand, includes one independent statement and at least one dependent statement, which cannot stand alone.
slide18

If it thunders, our dog hides under the bed.

  • Dependent statements begin with dependent words (also known as subordinating conjunctions), such as after, although, as, because, when, and while.
  • A dependent statement also includes a subject and a verb.
  • Punctuation note: Put a comma at the end of a dependent statement that begins a sentence, as in the example above.
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