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APPOSITIVES. EXPLANATION and EXAMPLES. What is an Appositive?. It is a noun or pronoun that identifies or renames another noun or pronoun. The noun it renames is right beside it. Examples: The insect , a cockroach , is crawling across the kitchen table.

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Appositives

APPOSITIVES

EXPLANATION and EXAMPLES


What is an appositive
What is an Appositive?

  • It is a noun or pronoun that identifies or renames another noun or pronoun.

  • The noun it renames is right beside it.

    Examples:

    The insect, a cockroach, is crawling across the kitchen table.

    The name George has been popular for generations. (George identifies name)


What is an appositive phrase
What is an Appositive Phrase?

  • It is a noun phrase that renames another noun right beside it.

  • It consists of an appositive plus its modifiers. This phrase can be a short or long combination or words.

  • Examples:

  • George Washington, our first president, was considered quite tall.


More examples
More examples

  • The insect, a large cockroach, is crawling across the kitchen table.

  • The insect, a large cockroach with hairy legs, is crawling across the kitchen table.

  • The insect, a large, hairy-legged cockroach that has spied my bowl of oatmeal, is crawling across the kitchen table.


Even more examples
Even More Examples

  • During the dinner conversation, Clifford, the messiest eater at the table, spewed mashed potatoes like an erupting volcano.

  • My 286 computer, a modern-day dinosaur, chews floppy disks as noisily as my brother does peanut brittle.

  • Genette'sbedroom desk, the biggest disaster area in the house, is a collection of overdue library books, dirty plates, computer components, old mail, cat hair, and empty potato chip bags.

  • Reliable, Diane's eleven-year-old beagle, chews holes in the living room carpeting as if he were still a puppy.


Essential vs non essential
Essential vs. Non-essential

  • An essential appositiveis needed to understand the meaning of the sentence. Essential appositives are notset off with commas.

    Ex. My neighbor Ling is a photographer.

  • A nonessential appositive, which is not necessary to the meaning of the sentence, should be set off with commas.

    Ex. Ling’s husband, David, is a teacher.


How do i punctuate an appositive or appositive phrase
How do I punctuate an appositive or appositive phrase?

  • The important point to remember is that a nonessential appositive is always separated from the rest of the sentence with comma(s).

    ***When the appositive begins the sentence, it looks like this:

    A hot-tempered tennis player, Robbie charged the umpire and triedto crack the poor man's skull with a racket.


More punctuation rules
More Punctuation Rules

****When the appositive interrupts the sentence, it looks like this:

Robbie, a hot-tempered tennis player, charged the umpire and tried to crack the poor man's skull with a racket.

****When the appositive ends the sentence, it looks like this:

Upset by the bad call, the crowd cheered Robbie, a hot-tempered tennis player who charged the umpire and tried to crack the poor man's skull with a racket.


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