Isolation Class 10 . Last Class. Preventing the spread of infection. What do we do when a client has a highly infectious disease?. Specific Infection Control Policies. Isolation – the principle is to create a physical barrier that prevents the transfer of microorganisms.
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All blood & body flds should be treated as potentially infectious.
What do you need ?
Important to do as much client care as you can while you are in the room….CLUSTER ACTIVITY.
Purpose – to eliminate all microorganisms from objects that come into contact with the tissues of the body that are normally sterile.
Moist heat /steam increasing clients risk for infection.
Autoclave- instruments, parental solutions, dressings
Drugs, foods, heat sensitive itemsExamples of sterilization processes
Chemicals increasing clients risk for infection.
All types microorganisms
Work with water
Stable in heat & light
Not harmful to body tissue
Ex. Chlorine – used to disinfect water & for housekeeping purposesExamples of sterilization processes
Ethylene oxide gas increasing clients risk for infection.
Destroys microorganisms by altering cells’ metabolic processes.
PlasticExamples of sterilization processes
Boiling water increasing clients risk for infection.
Imp. – bacterial spores andsome viruses resist boiling. Not used in hospitals!
Items should be boiled for at least 15 min.Examples of sterilization processes