American life in the 17 th century
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American Life in the 17 th Century. Chapter 4. Chesapeake. American wilderness Brutal Disease Malaria, dysentery, typhoid Life expectancy declined Men outnumbered women 6 to 1 Men could not find mates. Tobacco. Planted tobacco to sell before planting corn to eat Exhausted soil

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American Life in the 17 th Century

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American life in the 17 th century

American Life in the 17th Century

Chapter 4


Chesapeake

Chesapeake

  • American wilderness

    • Brutal

    • Disease

      • Malaria, dysentery, typhoid

  • Life expectancy declined

  • Men outnumbered women 6 to 1

    • Men could not find mates


Tobacco

Tobacco

  • Planted tobacco to sell before planting corn to eat

  • Exhausted soil

  • Demand for new land

    • Went further up rivers and pushed west

  • More tobacco = More labor

    • Indentured servants


American life in the 17 th century

Cont.

  • Head-right System

    • Servant Workers

    • Paid passage = 50 acres of land

  • 100,000 Indentured servants = 1700

    • Virginia/ Maryland


Bacon s rebellion

Bacon’s Rebellion

  • Freemen = looking for land / Women

  • Governor Berkeley

    • Friendly policies with Native Americans

  • Nathaniel Bacon

    • Looking for untamed land

    • 1,000 broke out of control = 1676

    • Plundering and Pilfering

    • Civil War in Virginia


Colonial slavery

Colonial Slavery

  • 7 million slaves to New World


American life in the 17 th century

Cont.

  • 1680’s

    • Black slaves outnumbered whites in plantations colonies

  • Royal African Company = Charter lost

  • Rhode Islanders = Cash in on slave trade

  • 1750

    • ½ population = Virginia

    • Outnumbered 2 to 1 = S. Carolina


Colonial slavery1

Colonial Slavery

  • Middle Passage

    • Journey from Africa to the West Indies

  • Passage was extremely difficult

  • 20% of the slaves died on the trip


Africans in america

Africans in America

  • Tobacco = less demanding

    • Plantations closer together

    • More contact with other slaves

  • Culture

    • Gullah (Language)

    • Jazz

  • Slave life severe in deep South

    • Life draining

    • Rice/Indigo


American life in the 17 th century

Cont.

  • New York Slave Revolt – 1712

    • 9 whites died

    • 21 slaves executed = burned at the stake

  • South Carolina Slave Revolt – 1739

    • 50 slaves

    • Stono River = Spanish Florida


Southern society

Southern Society

  • Small Farmers

    • Largest group

    • Hand to Mouth

    • 1-2 slaves

  • Landless whites

    • Former indentured servants

  • Plantation owners ran the South’s economy

    • Monopolized political power

    • Families = Fitzhughs, Lees, Washingtons

  • Dominated House of Burgesses

  • Hard working, businesslike, long hours


American life in the 17 th century

Cont.

  • Southern families = economic security for women

  • Men died young

  • Women retain separate title to their property

  • Widows right to inherit


American life in the 17 th century

Cont.

  • Few cities sprouted

  • Life revolved around plantations

    • Waterways = transportation


New england

New England

  • Clean Water, Cool Temperatures

  • Added 10 yrs to life

  • Migrated as families

    • Early marriages

    • Birth Rate increased

      • 10 pregnancies / 8 children

  • Parents / Grandparents


American life in the 17 th century

Cont.

  • Women gave up property when married

  • Lawmakers = protect / defend marriages

    • Divorce rare

  • Midwifery

    • Childbirth

    • Female monopoly


New england towns

New England Towns

  • 50 plus = schools

  • Massachusetts

    • Harvard – 1636

  • Virginians

    • William and Mary – 1693

  • Congregational Church Government

  • Tight knit society

  • Puritans = unity of purpose

    • Moral health

  • Distribution of land in hands of proprietors

    • Woodlot, tract (crops), pasture


American life in the 17 th century

Cont.

  • Jeremiad

    • Doom-saying

    • Scolded parishioners

    • Decline in conversions

  • Half Way Covenant - 1662

    • Admit to baptism – not full communion

  • Doors to Puritan church swung open


American life in the 17 th century

Cont.

  • Salem Witch Trials – 1692

    • Massachusetts

    • Witch hunt

    • 20 individuals

    • Gossip

      • Superstitions

    • Property owning

      Widows

  • Ended in 1693


New england1

New England

  • Less ethically mixed

  • Stony soil /Extreme weather

  • Expert shipbuilders / commerce

  • Codfish

    • “fishy goldmines of New England”

  • Huge impact on the rest of the nation


Early settlers

Early settlers

  • Most were farmers

    • Sun up to sun down

  • Women managed the home (plantation)

  • Distinction amongst classes

    • Leisler’s Rebellion – 1689

      • Lordly landowners against Merchants

        • Gentlemen / dividing class

        • Laws passed to keep them in their place


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