Narcolepsy. -Chronic sleep disorder -disorder is characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness - Person feels extreme fatigue and falls asleep at inappropriate times -Sudden attack of REM Sleep. Causes of Narcolepsy.
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-Chronic sleep disorder
-disorder is characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness
-Person feels extreme fatigue and
falls asleep at inappropriate times
-Sudden attack of REM Sleep
-people with narcolepsy have a reduced numbers of protein producing neurons that control appetite and sleep patterns
-These proteins are called hypocretin or orexin
A depiction of the neuropeptide Orexin A. People with narcolepsy often have a reduced number of neurons that produce this protein.
- Excessive sleepiness
- Temporary decrease or loss of muscle control
- Vivid dream like images
- Unable to move or talk while asleep
- Has been calculated to be 0.03%
- Can occur during anytime in life
- Mostly affects teens
- Has been found to be hereditaryNarcolepsy
Such as stimulants, antidepressants, and sodium oxybate!
Take a short nap!
Taking short, scheduled naps may
be a great way to lessen the effects of narcolepsy
By Jenna and Emily
Sleep Apnea is when someone temporary stops breathing in their sleep.
Snoring is a rattling noise made by someone when they are sleeping usually from the back of their mouth or noise.
-When airway is blocked soft tissue in the throat collapses and closes while asleep
-Irritable, lack of sleep, soar throat, emotional issues, morning headaches, loss of energy, loud snoring, daytime sleepiness possibly while driving
-approximately 1 in 15 people in USA
-more likely for men than women
Purposeful moving, usually but not always including walking, while in a deep stage (stage 4) of sleep.
open eyes glassy, staring appearance as the person quietly roams.
Sleep deprivation, chaotic sleep schedules, fever, stress, magnesium deficiency, and alcohol intoxication can trigger sleepwalking.
Sleepwalking is common in children. 3% to 17% of children sleepwalk.
It peaks between the ages of 10 and 12. It rarely continues on into adulthood, and is even more unlikely to first develop in adulthood. Under 1% of adults sleepwalk.
Waking up frequently during the night
30-40% of adults say they have symptoms of insomnia in a given year.
10-15% of adults say they have chronic insomnia. (when it persists for longer than a month.)Symptoms & Prevalence
patient may wake spontaneously during the attack and vividly recall the dream that corresponds to the physical action
Potentially dangerous objects should be removed from the bedroom, and the mattress should be placed on the floor or a cushion should be put around the bed
RBD can be treated by various medications; however, the response varies in individual cases
acting out violent dreams during REM sleep
often causing self-injury or injury to the bed partner
behaviors are usually nondirected
can include punching, kicking, leaping, crying out, or running from bed while still in REM sleep
36% of people with narcolepsy experience symptoms of RBD
several studies have suggested that idiopathic RBD is linked with the later development of neurodegenerative disorders like Parkinson disease and Lewy body dementia
RBD may occur in association with various neurological conditions such as vascular lesions, brainstem neoplasm, autoimmune/inflammatory disorders, and neurodegenerative disorders
2% overall prevalence of violent behaviors during sleep
25% of which were likely to be due to RBD
=0.5% of RBD in general population
*exact incidence and prevalence of RBD are unknown because of inadequate reporting and misdiagnosis
REM Behavior Disorder (RBD) is a sleep disorder characterized by loss of normal voluntary muscle atonia during REM sleep associated with complex motor behavior while dreaming.
By : Ashley Merrick, and Dan
By: Daniel Hoz
Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders