Parts of speech
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PARTS of SPEECH. Grammar Unit 1. noun. verb. gerund. inifinitive. adjective. adverb. pronoun. preposition. conjunction. interjection. Noun. Nouns Exist Person boy Place beach Thing pail. Noun. A noun or The noun Person The boy Place A beach Thing An orange.

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PARTS of SPEECH

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Parts of speech

PARTS of SPEECH

Grammar Unit 1

noun

verb

gerund

inifinitive

adjective

adverb

pronoun

preposition

conjunction

interjection


Parts of speech

Noun

  • Nouns Exist

    • Person

      • boy

    • Place

      • beach

    • Thing

      • pail


Parts of speech

Noun

  • A noun or The noun

    • Person

      • The boy

    • Place

      • A beach

    • Thing

      • An orange


Parts of speech

Noun

  • Nouns can often be Counted

    • Oneboy

    • Two grandmas

    • Sevenseas

    • Twelvemonths

    • A dozen oranges

    • 24 hours


Parts of speech

Noun

  • Person: Proper or Common noun

    • Carlotta, Mrs. Brooks, Dr. Jong …

      • Dr. Jong practices acupuncture.

        (capitalize proper nouns)

    • the doctor, the girlfriend, my mother …

      • I had an appointment with my doctor.


Parts of speech

Noun

  • Place: Proper or Common

    • Hopkins High School, the Royals …

      • Hopkins High School is a school of excellence.

    • (capitalize proper nouns)

    • the high school, a store, my soda…

      • I love this high school.


Parts of speech

Noun

  • Thing: Objector Idea

    • table, window, figurine, storm …

      • The table broke.

    • wealth, love, indignation, personality, fairness, unity, commitment …

      • She accumulated a great deal of wealth.

      • The group’s unity was obvious.

(Can you put it in your pocket?)


Parts of speech

Linking Verbs

Subject is described by a noun or adjective

Verb

  • Grandmaiswealthy.

  • They are singers.

  • She was a lawyer.

  • They were late.

  • He will befamous.

  • I am a generous person.

  • Bingo has beensick.

Subject = Noun or Adj

IS

ARE

WAS

WERE

BE

AM

BEEN


Parts of speech

Linking Verbs

Be and Been need additional linking verbs

Verb

Subject = Noun or Adj

HAS

HAVE

HAD

  • He will befamous.

  • He could befamous.

  • Bingo has beensick.

  • Bingo had beensick.

WOULD

SHOULD

COULD

MIGHT

WILL

SHALL

CAN

MAY

  • He might have been famous.

  • He has had lots of fame.

  • Bingo maybe sick.

  • Bingo should have been sick.


Parts of speech

Action Verbs

The subject is doing something

Verb

  • I run.

  • Mina runs.

  • Juan ran.

  • The track star is running.

  • The leopard has run a mile.

  • Bingo had been running.

  • They will run.

  • He would haverun.


Gerund

Gerund

  • A kind of Noun

    • Verb + ing = Gerund

      • replace with “this activity”

        • Abdi and Beth love running.

        • Everyone should try reading for pleasure.

      • put a possessive noun in front

        • Ms. Gotschell’s teaching should improve each year.

        • Deeply Royal’s dancing was outstanding at the pep fest.


Gerund or verb

Gerund or Verb?

  • Be careful!

    • Verb + ing = Verb

      • I am break dancing.

        (I amdoingsomething.)

    • Verb + ing = Gerund

      • I enjoy break dancing.

        (an activity – a noun – a thing).


Adjective

Adjective

  • Tells more about Nouns

    • Ask:

      • What kind of noun?

        • gentle bear

        • mother bear

      • What color noun?

        • white bear

        • brown bear

  • How many nouns?

    • onebear

    • seven bears

    • sixty bears

    • 200 bears


Adverb

Adverb

  • Tells more about Verbs

    • Ask:

      • Howdid it verb?

        • News travelsfast.

        • The report wentbeautifully.

      • Whendid it verb?

        • They performedyesterday.

        • Their costume change happenedquickly.

  • Where did it verb?

  • She practicedanywhere.

  • The drummer liveslocally.


Adverb1

Adverb

  • Tells more about Adverbs

    • Ask:

      • How adverbwas it?

        • The turtle moved tooslowly.

        • The the rabbit ran sogracefully.

        • My first day went quitewell.

        • The group played veryloudly.


Adverb2

Adverb

  • Tells more about Adjectives

    • Ask:

      • How adjectivewas it?

        • The race was veryexciting.

        • The paintings are sobeautiful.

        • The star is quitebright.

        • The band was incrediblyloud.


Pro noun

Personal Pronouns

Basic List

He

She

It

I

You

We

They

Pronoun

  • Other Pronouns

    • Him, his, himself

    • Her, hers, herself

    • Its, itself

    • Me, mine, myself

    • Your, yours, yourself

    • Us, our, ourselves

    • Them, their, theirs, themselves


Pro noun1

?

Indefinite Pronouns

Ask:

Who? (but we won’t know for sure)

Basic List

Someone

Everyone

Anyone

Noone

Pronoun

?

?

  • Other Suffixes

    • -body

    • -place

    • -where

    • -thing

    • -time

Ask

Who

What

Where


Preposition

Preposition

  • Askwhere?

  • on

  • under

  • through

  • beside

  • around

  • near

  • to

  • next to

  • around

  • inside of

  • against

  • between

  • up

  • down

  • aboard

  • across

  • along

  • beyond

  • toward

  • within

  • out of


Preposition1

Preposition

  • Ask when?

  • before

  • after

  • until

  • since

  • during

  • at

  • around


Preposition2

Preposition

  • Ask what is the relationship?

  • by

  • for

  • to

  • with

  • about

  • because of


Prepositional phrase

Prepositional Phrase

  • Preposition+ Noun

  • on the log

  • through the woods

  • after the storm

  • during dinner

  • by the author

  • with my mom


Infinitive

Infinitive

  • A kind of Verb Phrase

    • To + Verb = Infinitive

      • Put “I like” in front

        • I like to run.

        • I like to write letters.

        • I like to read.

        • I like to sing.


Prepositional phrase or infinitive

Prepositional Phrase or Infinitive?

  • Be careful!

    • To + verb = Infinitive

      • to write

    • To + noun = Prepositional Phrase

      • I gave the letter to Mom.

      • Frodo is coming to my house.

      • Harry was stuck to the wall.


Conjunction

Coordinating Conjunctions

Connect two or more sentences

Must use a comma

Must have two subjects on either side

The wind blew, andmy scarf flew away.

Either you can catch it, or you can buy a new one.

We were late, but they let us in anyway.

Conjunction


Conjunction1

Conjunction

  • Subordinating Conjunctions

    • Fragment, but has subject & verb

    • Begins a Dependent Clause

    • NeedsIndependent Clause

      • I was sad because the car ran over her.

      • Take me with you if you go to see how she’s doing.

      • Whenever I think of Lassie, I cry.


Interjection

Interjection

  • Show reaction or emotion

  • Not necessary to the sentence

  • An alternative to swearing

    • Ouch! That hurt!

    • You did not! No way!

    • Heck, I made the shot!

Cool!


The end

THE END

Grammar Unit 1

noun

verb

gerund

inifinitive

adjective

adverb

pronoun

preposition

conjunction

interjection


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