NAME THE CELL PART . Makes steroids for membranes ______________Burns glucose and stores energy as ATP ___________________Transports proteins made by its attached ribosomes ________________Regulates calcium levels in muscle cells ________________Outer layer that provides support
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1. Cell structure and Function Review Campbell and Reese Chapters 6 & 7
2. NAME THE CELL PART Makes steroids for membranes ______________
Burns glucose and stores energy as ATP ___________________
Transports proteins made by its attached ribosomes ________________
Regulates calcium levels in muscle cells ________________
Outer layer that provides support & protection for plant cells _______________
3. NAME THE KIND OF TRANSPORT
4. NAME THE CELL PART Breaks down toxins in liver cells _____________
Contains thylakoids ___________________
Protein synthesis ________________
Contain cristae ________________
Organize spindle and guide
chromosomes during animal _________________
5. NAME THE CELL PART Use energy from sunlight _____________
to make glucose
Sac of digestive enzymes __________________
Modify, sort, and package ________________
proteins for export
Store water in plant cells ________________
Region where microtubules for
mitotic spindle are initiated ________________
6. A membrane that lets certain molecules pass through and not others is called
7. NAME THE CELL PART Has a cis and trans surface _____________
Area in nucleus where
ribosomal RNA is produced _________________
Membrane that encloses ________________
the central vacuole in a plant cell
Channels through cell walls _______________
that connect adjacent plant cells
8. NAME THE CELL PART Glycoprotein rich substance ______________
in which animal tissue cells
Intracellular connection between
animal cells that function like
rivets to fasten cells together
into strong sheets
(also called anchoring junctions) ___________________
Stack of thylakoids ________________
9. NAME THE CELL PART Called sarcoplasmic reticulum ______________
in muscle cells
Double membrane enclosing ________________
Creates a boundary and ________________
controls what enters and leaves cell
Netlike array of protein
filaments that maintains ________________
11. NAME THE KIND OF TRANSPORT
12. NAME THE CELL PART Openings in nuclear envelope ______________
that regulate entry & exit
Small membrane sacs used ________________
for transport and storage
ER without ribosomes ________________
that produce hydrogen ________________
13. NAME THE CELL PART Centriole-like structure ______________
that anchors cilia & flagella
Many, short structures with a
9 + 2 arrangement of
microtubules that help in movement ___________
ER with ribosomes ________________
Few, long hair-like structures
with a 9 + 2 microtubule ________________
arrangement that move cells (ie. Sperm tail)
14. Name this organelle
15. NAME THE CELL PART Another name for desmosomes _______________
Intracellular connection between animal cells
(most like plasmodesmata) through which ions, sugars, amino acids, and other
small molecules can pass ___________________
Region in a prokaryote where ________________ DNA is found
16. The yellow heads of these phospholipid molecules stay on the outside of the bilayer next to the water environment because they are ______________.
17. NAME THE CELL PART Intracellular connection between animal cells
forming a continuous seal to prevent leaking
of extracellular fluid across epithelial cells ___________________
Network of fibers extending through the cytoplasm that play a role in support and movement________________
18. NAME THE CELL PART Fluid surrounding the
grana that contains the
chloroplast DNA, ribosomes, _______________
and enzymes for photosynthesis
Fluid filled compartment
enclosed by the inner
that contains mitochondrial DNA, _____________
ribosomes, and enzymes for
19. Molecule with a glycerol phosophate head and two fatty acid tails which is a major component in cell membranes
21. Name this group of molecules
These molecules are the main component in which cell part?
22. An animal cell is a ___________.
23. Name this kind of transport
24. The type of transport that uses vesicles to move substances OUT of cells is called
25. An plant cell is a ___________.
26. The blue tails of these phospholipid molecules stay inside the bilayer away from water because they are ______________.
28. Name the type of transport
29. The many short hairlike
structures that help move this eukaryotic cell are __________
31. Name the kind of transport
32. Name the kind of transport
33. Bacteria are ____________
34. Tell the parts of the cell theory.
35. COMPARE AND CONTRAST PLANT AND ANIMAL CELLS
36. When you sit in the
bathtub, your fingers get
wrinkly because the
bath water enters your
skin cells. This is because
bath water is
____________ compared to your skin cells
37. In the diagrams below the circle represents a cell in
a liquid environment and the black dots represent solute
Use –TONIC words to label the solutions compared to the cells
38. Tell if the transport is ACTIVE or PASSIVE
Facilitated diffusion ___________________
Na + - K+ pump ____________________
39. Name cell part that is made of microtubules
40. Freshwater fish
live in a _____tonic
41. Tell if the transport is ACTIVE or PASSIVE
Gated channels ___________________
Receptor mediated endocytosis_______________
Ion channels ____________________
Proton pump ____________________
42. This cell is in a _____tonic solution.
43. This cell is in a ______tonic solution.
45. Name the kind of transport
46. Name an organelle besides the cell nucleus that has its OWN DNA
47. This cell is in a _____tonic solution.
48. Marine (salt water) fish live in a _____tonic environment.
49. Put in order of increasing size:
Organ cell organ system organism tissue
_______? _________ ? _________
?_____________ ? ______________
50. ____________ transport can move molecules AGAINST the concentration gradient.
51. Which type of transport creates the acidic environment found inside lysosomes?
52. Putting plant cells into a
HYPERTONIC solution will cause water to _______ the cell
This will cause a(n) ___________ in
53. COMPARE AND CONTRAST
PLANT and BACTERIAL Cells
55. Putting plant cells into a
HYPOTONIC solution will cause water to _______ the cell
This will cause a(n) ___________ in
56. Transport proteins that generate voltage across a membrane like the Na+-K+ pump and proton pump are called ____________ pumps.
What keeps plant cells from
undergoing bursting in hypotonic
57. Which organelle makes the ATP used to run the Na + -K+ pump?
58. Explain why the dialysis tube in lab turned
black but the water in the cup did not.
59. Diffusion continues
until the concentration of
molecules is equal throughout
the space. This is called ___________________
60. Name a kind of transport that uses
vesicles to move substances across
61. Name a kind of transport that uses membrane proteins to help move substances across cell membranes
62. Name an organelle besides the nucleus that has DNA
63. A = ________________
B = ________________
C = ________________
64. True or False
Bacteria don’t have ribosomes.
65. COMPARE AND CONTRAST
ANIMAL and BACTERIAL Cells
66. Region between the nucleus and plasma membrane that includes the organelles and the gel-like fluid is called the ____________
67. True or False
Bacteria don’t have a plasma membrane.
68. The difference in the
concentration of molecules across
a space is called a ______________________
69. How is cytosol different from cytoplasm?
70. Cells that need a lot of energy
probably have a lot of ______________
Golgi bodies Smooth ER mitochondria centrioles
71. Type of plastid in plant cells that stores pigments which give fruits and flowers their colors
This circular flow of
inside plant cells is called
It is helped by which component of the cytoskeletal system?
72. PROTON PUMP moves ____ ions across cell membranes
73. Type of plastid in plant cells that stores starch in roots and tubers
Name the most permanent component of the cytoskeletal system built from keratin proteins
Name the three types of junctions in animal cells
74. Programmed cell death or “cell suicide” for the good of the organism is called __________
Name the cell organelle involved in this process.
Which type of specialized junction allows plant cells to coordinate metabolic activity by providing channels for the passage of small molecules?
75. Name a cell part that would use this building block molecule
76. The symptoms of a certain inherited disorder in humans include breathing problems and sterility in males. Which of the following is a reasonable hypothesis for the molecular basis of this disorder? (Explain your answer)
A. a defective enzyme in the mitochondria
B. defective actin molecules in cellular microfilaments
C. defective dynein molecules in cilia and flagella
D. abnormal hydrolytic enzymes in the lysosomes
E. defective ribosome assembly in the nucleolus
77. Name the oxidative organelle that is not part of the endomembrane system, which produces hydrogen peroxide as it breaks down various substances.
79. Lysosomal enzymes require
_____________ conditions in order to function. acidic basic
Explain why this is a good idea to protect the cell from accidental destruction.
80. Name the globular protein that is used to build microtubules
81. Name the globular protein that is used to build microfilaments
82. Describe at least two common characteristics of chloroplasts and mitochondria
Name the genetic lysosomal storage you learned about in which lipids build up in the brain causing retardation and early death
83. Cyanide binds with at least one of the molecules involved in the production of ATP. Following exposure of a cell to cyanide, most of the cyanide could be expected to be found within the
E. endoplasmic reticulum
84. Name the layers
shown in the
diagram at the right
85. Name this
on the outside
of animal cells
86. Animal cell junctions that function like rivets to fasten adjacent cells together into strong sheets are called _______________ or anchoring junctions
Animal cell junctions that form when neighboring cells are tightly pressed together and bound by specific proteins to prevent leakage between cells are called ________________
87. Intercellular junctions which provide cytoplasmic channels between adjacent animal cells are called ________________ or communicating junctions.
Which of the following is not considered part of the endomembrane system?
A. nuclear envelope
C. Golgi apparatus
D. plasma membrane
88. Choose the statement that correctly characterizes bound ribosomes
A. Bound ribosomes are enclosed in their own membrane.
B. Bound and free ribosomes are structurally different
C. Bound ribosomes generally synthesize membrane proteins and secretory proteins
D. The most common location for bound ribosmes is the cytoplasmic surface of the plasma membrane.
E. All of the above
89. Which of the following structures is common to plant and animal cells?
B. wall made of cellulose
90. Which of the following is present in prokaryotic cells?
C. nuclear envelope
91. Which type of cell would probably provide the best opportunity to study lysosomes?
A. muscle cell
B. nerve cell
C. phagocytic white blood cell
D. leaf cell of a plant
E. bacterial cell
92. Which of the following structure-function pairs is mismatched?
A. nucleolus; ribosome production
B. lysosome; intracellular digestion
C. ribosome; protein synthesis
D. Golgi; protein trafficking
E. microtubule; muscle contraction
93. Explain the relationship between chromatin and chromosomes.
94. Which of the following statements is a correct distinction between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells attributable to the absense of a prokaryotic cytoskeleton?
A. Organelles are found only in eukaryotic cells
B. Cytoplasmic streaming is not observed in prokaryotes
C. Only eukaryotic cells are capable of movement
D. Prokaryotic cells have cell walls
E. Only the eukaryotic cell concentrates its genetic material in a region separate from the rest of the cell
95. Cells of the pancreas will incorporate radioactively labeled amino acids into proteins. This “tagging” of newly synthesized proteins enables a researcher to track the location of these proteins in a cell. In this case, we are tracking insulin, which is eventually secreted by pancreatic cells. Which of the following is the most likely pathway for movement of this protein in the cell?
B. Golgi ?ER ?lysosome
C. nucleus ? ER? Golgi
D. ER?Golgi ? vesicles that fuse with plasma membrane
E. ER ? lysosomes? vesicles that fuse with plasma membrane
98. Amoeba crawl by extending and flowing into extensions from its cell membrane called ________________
99. Woman scientist and proponent of the Endosymbiotic theory
100. Name a cell part that
has this 9 + 2
102. Name the process seen during embryonic
development involving programmed cell death
using lysosomes via which your fingers and toes
formed from paddle-like structures and your tail
103. The pumping of this ion out of nerve
cells sets up the membrane potential
and its rapid return through ion
channels into nerve cells when they
are stimulated sends the signal along
the nerve cell
105. Name a cell part
that has this 9 + 2
106. Name the most abundant glycoprotein in the ECM of animal cells
Name the netlike array of protein filaments that line the nuclear side of the nuclear envelope that helps nucleus maintain its shape and reform after cell division
107. Light Transmission Scanning
electron microscope electron microscope
Which type of microscope could you use to study:
The changes in a shape of a living white blood cell?
The details of surface texture of a hair?
The detailed structure of an organelle?
108. The substance that is dissolved = ________________ (like the Koolaid powder or sugar)
The substance the solute is dissovled in = ____________ (like the water in Koolaid)
Solute + solvent = __________
109. Name the type of transport responsible for setting up the membrane potential in a nerve cell
Name the motor proteins that interact with actin during muscle contraction
111. Amyloplasts store ______________
Name the enzyme that breaks down hydrogen peroxide produced in peroxisomes
H2O2 ? H2O + O2
112. Main the main electrogenic pump in plant
Name the main electrogenic pump in animal cells
113. Technique used to separate cell components based on size and density
You would expect secretory cells (ex: pancreas cells secrete insulin) to have large numbers of these organelles.
114. ____________ proteins penetrate into the lipid bilayer either part way or all the way through
________________ proteins span the
membrane and touch both sides
116. The release of this ion from the
sarcoplasmic reticulum of a muscle cell causes muscle contraction
Name the motor proteins that interact with actin during muscle contraction
117. Pure water has a water potential (?) = ____