Cell structure and Function Review Campbell and Reese Chapters 6  7

Cell structure and Function Review Campbell and Reese Chapters 6 7 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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NAME THE CELL PART . Makes steroids for membranes ______________Burns glucose and stores energy as ATP ___________________Transports proteins made by its attached ribosomes ________________Regulates calcium levels in muscle cells ________________Outer layer that provides support

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Cell structure and Function Review Campbell and Reese Chapters 6 7

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1. Cell structure and Function Review Campbell and Reese Chapters 6 & 7

2. NAME THE CELL PART Makes steroids for membranes ______________ Burns glucose and stores energy as ATP ___________________ Transports proteins made by its attached ribosomes ________________ Regulates calcium levels in muscle cells ________________ Outer layer that provides support & protection for plant cells _______________

3. NAME THE KIND OF TRANSPORT

4. NAME THE CELL PART Breaks down toxins in liver cells _____________ Contains thylakoids ___________________ Protein synthesis ________________ Contain cristae ________________ Organize spindle and guide chromosomes during animal _________________ cell division

5. NAME THE CELL PART Use energy from sunlight _____________ to make glucose Sac of digestive enzymes __________________ Modify, sort, and package ________________ proteins for export Store water in plant cells ________________ Region where microtubules for mitotic spindle are initiated ________________

6. A membrane that lets certain molecules pass through and not others is called ____________________

7. NAME THE CELL PART Has a cis and trans surface _____________ Area in nucleus where ribosomal RNA is produced _________________ Membrane that encloses ________________ the central vacuole in a plant cell Channels through cell walls _______________ that connect adjacent plant cells

8. NAME THE CELL PART Glycoprotein rich substance ______________ in which animal tissue cells are embedded Intracellular connection between animal cells that function like rivets to fasten cells together into strong sheets (also called anchoring junctions) ___________________ Stack of thylakoids ________________

9. NAME THE CELL PART Called sarcoplasmic reticulum ______________ in muscle cells Double membrane enclosing ________________ the nucleus Creates a boundary and ________________ controls what enters and leaves cell Netlike array of protein filaments that maintains ________________ nuclear shape

11. NAME THE KIND OF TRANSPORT

12. NAME THE CELL PART Openings in nuclear envelope ______________ that regulate entry & exit Small membrane sacs used ________________ for transport and storage ER without ribosomes ________________ Metabolic compartments that produce hydrogen ________________ peroxide

13. NAME THE CELL PART Centriole-like structure ______________ that anchors cilia & flagella Many, short structures with a 9 + 2 arrangement of microtubules that help in movement ___________ ER with ribosomes ________________ Few, long hair-like structures with a 9 + 2 microtubule ________________ arrangement that move cells (ie. Sperm tail)

14. Name this organelle

15. NAME THE CELL PART Another name for desmosomes _______________ Intracellular connection between animal cells (most like plasmodesmata) through which ions, sugars, amino acids, and other small molecules can pass ___________________ Region in a prokaryote where ________________ DNA is found

16. The yellow heads of these phospholipid molecules stay on the outside of the bilayer next to the water environment because they are ______________. polar nonpolar

17. NAME THE CELL PART Intracellular connection between animal cells forming a continuous seal to prevent leaking of extracellular fluid across epithelial cells ___________________ Network of fibers extending through the cytoplasm that play a role in support and movement________________

18. NAME THE CELL PART Fluid surrounding the grana that contains the chloroplast DNA, ribosomes, _______________ and enzymes for photosynthesis Fluid filled compartment enclosed by the inner mitochondrial membrane that contains mitochondrial DNA, _____________ ribosomes, and enzymes for cellular respiration

19. Molecule with a glycerol phosophate head and two fatty acid tails which is a major component in cell membranes

21. Name this group of molecules These molecules are the main component in which cell part?

22. An animal cell is a ___________. prokaryote eukaryote

23. Name this kind of transport

24. The type of transport that uses vesicles to move substances OUT of cells is called ______________

25. An plant cell is a ___________. prokaryote eukaryote

26. The blue tails of these phospholipid molecules stay inside the bilayer away from water because they are ______________. polar nonpolar

28. Name the type of transport

29. The many short hairlike structures that help move this eukaryotic cell are __________

31. Name the kind of transport

32. Name the kind of transport

33. Bacteria are ____________ prokaryotes eukaryotes

34. Tell the parts of the cell theory.

35. COMPARE AND CONTRAST PLANT AND ANIMAL CELLS ALIKE DIFFERENT

36. When you sit in the bathtub, your fingers get wrinkly because the bath water enters your skin cells. This is because bath water is ____________ compared to your skin cells

37. In the diagrams below the circle represents a cell in a liquid environment and the black dots represent solute molecules… Use –TONIC words to label the solutions compared to the cells

38. Tell if the transport is ACTIVE or PASSIVE Facilitated diffusion ___________________ Osmosis ____________________ Na + - K+ pump ____________________ Diffusion ____________________ Endocytosis _______________________ Exocytosis ________________________

39. Name cell part that is made of microtubules

40. Freshwater fish live in a _____tonic environment.

41. Tell if the transport is ACTIVE or PASSIVE Gated channels ___________________ Receptor mediated endocytosis_______________ Ion channels ____________________ Proton pump ____________________ Pinocytosis _______________________ Phagocytosis ________________________

42. This cell is in a _____tonic solution.

43. This cell is in a ______tonic solution.

45. Name the kind of transport

46. Name an organelle besides the cell nucleus that has its OWN DNA

47. This cell is in a _____tonic solution.

48. Marine (salt water) fish live in a _____tonic environment.

49. Put in order of increasing size: Organ cell organ system organism tissue _______? _________ ? _________ ?_____________ ? ______________

50. ____________ transport can move molecules AGAINST the concentration gradient. Active Passive

51. Which type of transport creates the acidic environment found inside lysosomes?

52. Putting plant cells into a HYPERTONIC solution will cause water to _______ the cell enter leave This will cause a(n) ___________ in osmotic pressure.

53. COMPARE AND CONTRAST PLANT and BACTERIAL Cells ALIKE DIFFERENT

55. Putting plant cells into a HYPOTONIC solution will cause water to _______ the cell enter leave This will cause a(n) ___________ in osmotic pressure.

56. Transport proteins that generate voltage across a membrane like the Na+-K+ pump and proton pump are called ____________ pumps. What keeps plant cells from undergoing bursting in hypotonic environments?

57. Which organelle makes the ATP used to run the Na + -K+ pump?

58. Explain why the dialysis tube in lab turned black but the water in the cup did not.

59. Diffusion continues until the concentration of molecules is equal throughout the space. This is called ___________________

60. Name a kind of transport that uses vesicles to move substances across a membrane

61. Name a kind of transport that uses membrane proteins to help move substances across cell membranes

62. Name an organelle besides the nucleus that has DNA

63. A = ________________ B = ________________ C = ________________ D= _________________ E= __________________

64. True or False Bacteria don’t have ribosomes.

65. COMPARE AND CONTRAST ANIMAL and BACTERIAL Cells ALIKE DIFFERENT

66. Region between the nucleus and plasma membrane that includes the organelles and the gel-like fluid is called the ____________

67. True or False Bacteria don’t have a plasma membrane.

68. The difference in the concentration of molecules across a space is called a ______________________

69. How is cytosol different from cytoplasm?

70. Cells that need a lot of energy probably have a lot of ______________ Golgi bodies Smooth ER mitochondria centrioles

71. Type of plastid in plant cells that stores pigments which give fruits and flowers their colors This circular flow of cytoplasm around inside plant cells is called ____________________. It is helped by which component of the cytoskeletal system?

72. PROTON PUMP moves ____ ions across cell membranes

73. Type of plastid in plant cells that stores starch in roots and tubers Name the most permanent component of the cytoskeletal system built from keratin proteins Name the three types of junctions in animal cells

74. Programmed cell death or “cell suicide” for the good of the organism is called __________ Name the cell organelle involved in this process. Which type of specialized junction allows plant cells to coordinate metabolic activity by providing channels for the passage of small molecules?

75. Name a cell part that would use this building block molecule

76. The symptoms of a certain inherited disorder in humans include breathing problems and sterility in males. Which of the following is a reasonable hypothesis for the molecular basis of this disorder? (Explain your answer) A. a defective enzyme in the mitochondria B. defective actin molecules in cellular microfilaments C. defective dynein molecules in cilia and flagella D. abnormal hydrolytic enzymes in the lysosomes E. defective ribosome assembly in the nucleolus

77. Name the oxidative organelle that is not part of the endomembrane system, which produces hydrogen peroxide as it breaks down various substances.

79. Lysosomal enzymes require _____________ conditions in order to function. acidic basic Explain why this is a good idea to protect the cell from accidental destruction.

80. Name the globular protein that is used to build microtubules

81. Name the globular protein that is used to build microfilaments

82. Describe at least two common characteristics of chloroplasts and mitochondria Name the genetic lysosomal storage you learned about in which lipids build up in the brain causing retardation and early death

83. Cyanide binds with at least one of the molecules involved in the production of ATP. Following exposure of a cell to cyanide, most of the cyanide could be expected to be found within the A. mitochondria B. ribsomes C. peroxisomes D. lysosomes E. endoplasmic reticulum

84. Name the layers shown in the diagram at the right that surround plant cells

85. Name this layer found on the outside of animal cells

86. Animal cell junctions that function like rivets to fasten adjacent cells together into strong sheets are called _______________ or anchoring junctions Animal cell junctions that form when neighboring cells are tightly pressed together and bound by specific proteins to prevent leakage between cells are called ________________

87. Intercellular junctions which provide cytoplasmic channels between adjacent animal cells are called ________________ or communicating junctions. Which of the following is not considered part of the endomembrane system? A. nuclear envelope B. chloroplast C. Golgi apparatus D. plasma membrane E. ER

88. Choose the statement that correctly characterizes bound ribosomes A. Bound ribosomes are enclosed in their own membrane. B. Bound and free ribosomes are structurally different C. Bound ribosomes generally synthesize membrane proteins and secretory proteins D. The most common location for bound ribosmes is the cytoplasmic surface of the plasma membrane. E. All of the above

89. Which of the following structures is common to plant and animal cells? A. chloroplast B. wall made of cellulose C. tonoplast D. mitochondrion E. centriole

90. Which of the following is present in prokaryotic cells? A. mitochondrion B. ribosome C. nuclear envelope D. chloroplast E. ER

91. Which type of cell would probably provide the best opportunity to study lysosomes? A. muscle cell B. nerve cell C. phagocytic white blood cell D. leaf cell of a plant E. bacterial cell

92. Which of the following structure-function pairs is mismatched? A. nucleolus; ribosome production B. lysosome; intracellular digestion C. ribosome; protein synthesis D. Golgi; protein trafficking E. microtubule; muscle contraction

93. Explain the relationship between chromatin and chromosomes.

94. Which of the following statements is a correct distinction between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells attributable to the absense of a prokaryotic cytoskeleton? A. Organelles are found only in eukaryotic cells B. Cytoplasmic streaming is not observed in prokaryotes C. Only eukaryotic cells are capable of movement D. Prokaryotic cells have cell walls E. Only the eukaryotic cell concentrates its genetic material in a region separate from the rest of the cell

95. Cells of the pancreas will incorporate radioactively labeled amino acids into proteins. This “tagging” of newly synthesized proteins enables a researcher to track the location of these proteins in a cell. In this case, we are tracking insulin, which is eventually secreted by pancreatic cells. Which of the following is the most likely pathway for movement of this protein in the cell? A. ER?Golgi?nucleus B. Golgi ?ER ?lysosome C. nucleus ? ER? Golgi D. ER?Golgi ? vesicles that fuse with plasma membrane E. ER ? lysosomes? vesicles that fuse with plasma membrane

98. Amoeba crawl by extending and flowing into extensions from its cell membrane called ________________

99. Woman scientist and proponent of the Endosymbiotic theory

100. Name a cell part that has this 9 + 2 arrangement of microtubules

102. Name the process seen during embryonic development involving programmed cell death using lysosomes via which your fingers and toes formed from paddle-like structures and your tail disappeared.

103. The pumping of this ion out of nerve cells sets up the membrane potential and its rapid return through ion channels into nerve cells when they are stimulated sends the signal along the nerve cell

105. Name a cell part that has this 9 + 2 arrangement of microtubules

106. Name the most abundant glycoprotein in the ECM of animal cells Name the netlike array of protein filaments that line the nuclear side of the nuclear envelope that helps nucleus maintain its shape and reform after cell division

107. Light Transmission Scanning electron microscope electron microscope Which type of microscope could you use to study: The changes in a shape of a living white blood cell? The details of surface texture of a hair? The detailed structure of an organelle?

108. The substance that is dissolved = ________________ (like the Koolaid powder or sugar) The substance the solute is dissovled in = ____________ (like the water in Koolaid) Solute + solvent = __________ (Koolaid)

109. Name the type of transport responsible for setting up the membrane potential in a nerve cell Name the motor proteins that interact with actin during muscle contraction

111. Amyloplasts store ______________ Name the enzyme that breaks down hydrogen peroxide produced in peroxisomes H2O2 ? H2O + O2

112. Main the main electrogenic pump in plant Name the main electrogenic pump in animal cells

113. Technique used to separate cell components based on size and density You would expect secretory cells (ex: pancreas cells secrete insulin) to have large numbers of these organelles.

114. ____________ proteins penetrate into the lipid bilayer either part way or all the way through ________________ proteins span the membrane and touch both sides

116. The release of this ion from the sarcoplasmic reticulum of a muscle cell causes muscle contraction Name the motor proteins that interact with actin during muscle contraction

117. Pure water has a water potential (?) = ____

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