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NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS. The management and protection of the environment through teaching and research at the University of Athens by Maria Economou-Eliopoulos, Prof. Teaching at the Athens University. Since the decate of 80’s

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National university of athens
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS

The management and protection of the environment through teaching and research at the University of Athens

by

Maria Economou-Eliopoulos, Prof.


Teaching at the athens university
Teaching at the Athens University

Since the decate of 80’s

a few teaching subjects related to the management and protection of the enviroment are included in the Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes of the:

• LawSchool

• Medical School,

• Pharmacology,

• Depatment of Chemistry,

• Department of Biology,

• Department of Physics,

• Department of Geology and others


Since the beginning of the new century 21 several Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes in the Athens University were re-formulated, in the frame of the EPEAEK II Project (Co-funded by EU

(75%) and National Resource):


Law school
Law Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes in the Athens University were re-formulatedSchool

New courses are offered to undergraduate and postgraduate programmes:

•The Environmental Law,

• European Environmental Law

• International Environmental Law


Medical school
Medical School Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes in the Athens University were re-formulated

Medical science is the final recipient of the influence of environmental effects on human and asked to explain and to answer the basic question:

What is the relationship between environment and health?

In which way our cells and DNA are affected by the environment?

There is a MSc course entitled: Environment and Health,

that is supported by European Programs ASPIS AREHNA (www.arehna.di.uoa.gr).


Pharmacology medical school
Pharmacology, Medical School Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes in the Athens University were re-formulated

The Department of Pharmacology has established an undergraduate course entitled Environmental Pharmacology

combining the environmental pollution with its impact on human health, since 70’s.


Department of chemistry
Department of Chemistry Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes in the Athens University were re-formulated

An Environmental Chemistry Laboratory

has been established.

It is used for the practice of students on environmental topics, and research work in the frame of joint projects in Greece and other countries (Mediterranean Information Office for Environment, the European Environmental Bureau, UNESCO-UNECE etc.)


Department of biology
Department of Biology Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes in the Athens University were re-formulated

The courses of Botany, Zoology, Marine Biology with education and research activities have focused on the plant biodiversity in the protected areas (NATURA 2000 in the European Union network) in Greece and Cyprus.


The department of geology has been re named to department of geology geoenvironment
The Department of Geology has been re-named to Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes in the Athens University were re-formulated Department of Geology & Geoenvironment

The undergraduate program, includes the courses:

•Environmental Geology, •Applied Geochemistry• Global Changes, •Marine Geology, •Atmospheric Environment Pollution, etc


Department of geology geoenvironment post graduate courses msc level related to the environment
Department of Geology & Geoenvironment Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes in the Athens University were re-formulatedPostgraduate courses (MSc level)related to the environment

• Oceanography

• Prevention and management of natural disaster

• Applied Environmental Geology


Oceanography
Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes in the Athens University were re-formulatedOceanography

Oceanography is a joint cource between

Departments of Biology, Geology & Geoenvironment, Physics and Chemistry (Faculty of Sciences, University of Athens), aiming the management and protection of the Marine Environment.


Prevention and management of natural disaster
Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes in the Athens University were re-formulatedPrevention and management of natural disaster

This is a joint cource between the Department of Geology & Geoevironment and the Technological Education Institute of Serres (Greece).

The subject of the course refers to natural catastrophic events, their environmental impact, evolution, protection and management.


Applied environmental geology
Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes in the Athens University were re-formulatedApplied Environmental Geology

Major topics include potential pollutants, either by natural processes or human activities, management of primary raw material, global changes and the application of geochemical and geophysical techniques to the protection and remediation of contaminated soil and water.(http://www.geol.uoa.gr/engindex.htm)


Research at the athens university
Research at the Athens University Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes in the Athens University were re-formulated

Young researchers are involved into hundreds of National and International projects related to environmental subjects,

funded by EU/R & D, EU/BRITEEURAM, EU/EPEAEK II- Postgraduate, EU/EPEAEK II–Pythagoras, EU/EPEAEK II–Hrakleitos, Kapodistrias-AthensUniversity,Greek Secretariat of Research and Technology etc,

in order to gainnewknowledge and be able to offer to the environment protection.


An example of heavy metal contamination at the assopos thiva basin and evia in greece
An example of heavy metal contamination Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes in the Athens University were re-formulatedat theAssopos-Thiva basin and Evia in Greece:

Are characterized by high Cr and Mg contents are major source of Cr(VI), by natural processes.

More than 700 industrial units, are source of Cr(VI).


Cr iii is essential in human physiology but cr vi is mobile and extremely toxic
Cr(III) Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes in the Athens University were re-formulated is essential in human physiology, but Cr(VI) is mobile and extremely toxic.

Cr(VI) Cr(III)


Field practice of Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes in the Athens University were re-formulated postgraduate students


Laboratory practice of postgraduate students includes
Laboratory practice of Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes in the Athens University were re-formulatedpostgraduate students includes

•Determination of Cr(VI) and other toxic metal in the collected soil, water and plant samples.

•Determination of metal bio-availability andbio-accumulation.

•The % Cr in soil transferred intoplants (carrots, potatoes and onions).


Concentrations of Cr in groundwater exceed the Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes in the Athens University were re-formulatedlimit for totalchromium (50 ppb or g/l).

Cr total Cr(VI)


Laboratory practice on the b io remediation of water using bacteria cr vi cr iii

reduction Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes in the Athens University were re-formulated

Laboratory practice on the bio-remediation of water using bacteria: Cr(VI) Cr(III)


Transfer factor or of soil chromium in to plants
Transfer factor or % Undergraduate and Postgraduate programmes in the Athens University were re-formulated of soil chromium into plants.


Since the environmental impact by human activities and natural processes is widespread, including European countries,the case of the contamination at the Assopos-Thiva basin by Cr(VI) is not a local environmental problem.

The Universities could plan projects to study and provide ways

to restrict the transfer of heavy metals from soil to plants/crops and grounwater without the reduction of the agricultural and industrial production.


Thank you natural processes is widespread, including European countries,


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