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Protected areas .... Achieving quality. Global Protected Areas Programme. Understanding critical issues of category assignment.

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Protected areas achieving quality
Protected areas .... Achieving quality

Global Protected Areas Programme



The process for applying the IUCN categories starts with the definition of a protected area. If a site meets the definition then a category and governance type can be assigned.


Important points to consider when applying the categories definition of a protected area.

Category assignment is based on the primary management objective which should apply to at least 75% of the area

Zones are not usually categorised separately but individual protected areas can be ‘nested’ in larger protected areas

Size can help indicate the protected area category ...

as can the level of naturalness


  • 1. The category is based on management objectives: definition of a protected area.

  • The choice of category should be based on the primary management objective(s) stated for each protected area

  • The primary management objective must be applicable to at least 75% of the protected area (and the remaining area must be compatible with the primary purpose of conservation)


The 75 rule

Small areas, often on the periphery of the park (of no more than 25%) with management infrastructure (i.e. offices, vehicle maintenance depot, etc)

The 75% rule

Core area of the park (75% or more managed for ecosystem services and controlled tourism)

Small areas, often on the periphery of the park (of no more than 25%) with more intensive tourism infrastructure and some agriculture


  • 2. The difference between zones and “nested” sites than 25%) with management infrastructure (i.e. offices, vehicle maintenance depot, etc)

  • Different zones in larger protected areas can also have their own categories, but only if they are:

    • clearly mapped

    • recognised by legal or other effective means as distinct areas

    • have distinct and unambiguous management aims that can be assigned to a particular protected area category


Different types of protected habitat than 25%) with management infrastructure (i.e. offices, vehicle maintenance depot, etc)

Mixed habitat important for bird species

Mountain top source of river

Gorge

Traditionally mixed habitat of forest (managed and unmanaged) and agriculture

Farmed area now being restored as important grassland area with native species and used for recreation

Wetland area


Category Ia government managed protected area

Category IV privately managed protected area

Category III Community Conserved area

Area managed by local community as a category V protected area

Category II government managed protected area

Category IV Private protected area


Category Ia government managed protected area

Area managed for bird species

Category V protected area

Core area managed to protect important wetland area

Restoration management zone


3 size and protected area category
3. Size and protected area category management covers the whole area with different management zones focussing on particular habitats type requirements


4 naturalness and protected area categories

Outside protected areas management covers the whole area with different management zones focussing on particular habitats type requirements

Protected areas

IUCN protected area

management category

V

IV

VI

Line shows degree of environmental modification

II/III

Ia/Ib

Most natural conditions

Least natural conditions

4. Naturalness and protected area categories


Protected areas achieving quality1
Protected areas .... management covers the whole area with different management zones focussing on particular habitats type requirementsAchieving quality

Global Protected Areas Programme


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