Nanopatterning of silicon carbide by uv and visible lasers
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Nanopatterning of Silicon Carbide by UV and Visible Lasers. By Arvind Battula 12/02/2004. Properties of SiC. Wide-gap semiconductor. High thermal conductivity. Low thermal expansion coefficient. High melting point. High hardness. High breakdown electric field. High electron saturation.

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Nanopatterning of Silicon Carbide by UV and Visible Lasers.

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Nanopatterning of silicon carbide by uv and visible lasers

Nanopatterning of Silicon Carbide by UV and Visible Lasers.

By

Arvind Battula

12/02/2004


Properties of sic

Properties of SiC.

  • Wide-gap semiconductor.

  • High thermal conductivity.

  • Low thermal expansion coefficient.

  • High melting point.

  • High hardness.

  • High breakdown electric field.

  • High electron saturation.

  • Suitable for high temperature, power and frequency applications.


Photetching of sic by vuv 266nm multiwavelength

Photetching of SiC by VUV-266nm Multiwavelength.

Zhang, et. Al., 1996, “Direct photoetching of single crystal SiC by VUV-266 nm multiwavelength laser ablation”, Appl. Phys. A,64, p.367.


Femtosecond pulsed laser induced 3c sic surface morphology

Femtosecond Pulsed Laser Induced 3C/SiC surface Morphology.

Pulse duration = 120 fs; wavelength = 800 nm

Dong.Y., and Molian. P., 2003, “Femtosecond pulsed laser ablation of 3C-SiC thin film on Silicon”, Appl. Phys. A, 77, p. 839


Monolayer of sio 2 nano spheres on sic

Monolayer of SiO2 Nano-spheres on SiC.

SEM micrograph of the monolayer of silica spheres diameters (a) 1.76 µm and (b) 640 nm.


Experimental setup

Harmonic Separator

Laser

Aperture

Lens

XY Stage

Laser

Silica Nanospheres

SiC Substrate

Experimental Setup.

Schematic of (a) experimental setup, (b) Irradiation of the spheres on SiC.


532 nm 640 nm silica spheres 400 nm sic film

λ = 532 nm, 640 nm Silica Spheres,400 nm SiC film.

525 mJ/cm2

425 mJ/cm2


532 nm 1 76 m silica spheres 400 nm sic film

λ = 532 nm, 1.76 µm Silica Spheres, 400 nm SiC film.

200 mJ/cm2

275 mJ/cm2

325 mJ/cm2

400 mJ/cm2


355 nm 640 nm silica spheres 400 nm sic film

λ = 355 nm, 640 nm Silica Spheres, 400 nm SiC film.

400 mJ/cm2

300 mJ/cm2

500 mJ/cm2


355 nm 1 76 m silica spheres 400 nm sic film

λ = 355 nm, 1.76 µm Silica Spheres, 400 nm SiC film

175 mJ/cm2

225 mJ/cm2

350 mJ/cm2

225 mJ/cm2


Gradual changes in the melting zone of one laser spot

Gradual Changes in the Melting Zone of one Laser Spot.


532 nm 250 nm gold spheres 300 mj cm 2 200 nm sic film

λ = 532 nm, 250 nm Gold Spheres, 300 mJ/cm2 , 200 nm SiC film.


355 nm 250 nm gold spheres 425 mj cm 2 200 nm sic film

λ = 355 nm, 250 nm Gold Spheres, 425 mJ/cm2 , 200 nm SiC film.


Features for 355 nm laser on bulk sic

Features for 355 nm Laser on Bulk SiC.

Features formed on the SiC substrate with a 355 nm laser (a) 1.76 µm diameter spheres and 950 mJ/cm2 and (b) 640 nm diameter spheres and 850 mJ/cm2.


Afm results for 355 nm laser

AFM Results for 355 nm Laser.

Variation in the feature size with respect to the laser intensity for 355 nm laser and 1.76 µm spheres.


Features for 532 nm laser on bulk sic

1 µm

750 nm

Features for 532 nm Laser on Bulk SiC.

Features formed on the SiC substrate with a 532 nm laser (a) 1.76 µm diameter spheres

and 2 J/cm2 and (b) 640 nm diameter spheres and 6 J/cm2.


Afm results for 532 nm laser

AFM Results for 532 nm Laser.

AFM cross section view of the features obtained with 532 nm laser and 1.76 µm spheres.


Ablation mechanism

Ablation Mechanism.

  • At low laser fluence the formation of laser-induced nanostructures are from defect-activation.

  • The pre-existing defects facilitate local absorption of incident laser.

  • This results crystalline SiC to lattice disorder due to electronic excitation.

  • Weakens interatomic bonding and thus lower the vibrational energy required for lattice disorder.

  • With increasing laser-induced lattice defects, the formation of grain boundries results in polycrystallization of SiC film.


Non thermal transitions in semiconductors

Non-Thermal Transitions in Semiconductors.

S.K. Sundaram and E. Mazur, “Inducing and Probing Non-Thermal Transitions in Semiconductors Using Femtosecond Laser Pulses”,

Nature Materials, 1, 217-224 (2002).


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