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DQ #. Write a paragraph (at least four sentences) explaining how you organize your clothes. Example of topic sentences: I have my own system of organizing my clothes. I organize my clothing by…. Organism. Characteristics that all living things have in common. Has cells or a cell

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DQ #

Write a paragraph (at least four sentences) explaining how you organize your clothes.

  • Example of topic sentences:

    I have my own system of organizing my clothes.

    I organize my clothing by…


  • Characteristics that all living things have in common.

  • Has cells or a cell

  • Uses Energy

  • Reproduce

  • Made of the chemicals of life (DNA)

  • Respond to change

  • Grow & Develop

Organisms come in a wide

range of variety!

Fruit Fly Foot


Sponge & Coral

Pitcher plant


Athlete's foot

Angler fish

Jelly fish


Slime mold

Black Rat Snake

Red Velvet Ant

New Species

All the organisms on Earth can be like a large puzzle

Prokaryotic Cells vs. Eukaryotic Cells

  • Prokaryotic: do not have a nucleus

    -DNA not bound

    • Eukaryotic: have nucleus

      -DNA bound in the nucleus

The Six Kingdoms

6 Kingdoms

Old, 1 celled, kingdom= simple


  • Archeologist- Studies old things

  • Archaebacteria is the oldest bacteria on earth

  • Found in extreme environments

  • One celled- unicellular

  • Prokaryotic cells- no nucleus

  • Microscopic- can’t be seen w/o equipment


  • About 3.5 billion years old

  • EX: hot springs and swamp

  • Reproduce asexually

  • Leastcomplex

Three Major Types of Archaebacteria:

Methanogens (Methane-producers)- responsible for methane gas. (Smelly)

Thermophiles- Live in HOT springs and black smokers (under water heat vents)

Halophiles- Live in saturated brine and salt water. (Dead Sea)

1 celled Kingdom- simple


  • Most common bacteria

  • Found on YOU and in YOU and YOU eat it, causes YOU to get sick.

  • Prokaryotic cell- NO nucleus

  • Unicellular

  • Microscopic

  • Most are heterotroph (consumers)- have to eat


  • Most are decomposers- help break down dead organisms.

  • Examples of other decompsers: Bacteria, Mushrooms, Athlete’s feet


  • Ex: found in your intestines, helps make vitamin K, Sour crout, Strep throat, Eboli

  • Reproduce asexually

Some Unicellular & Multi-Cellular KingdomsMore Complex

Kingdom Protista


  • Most are unicellular

  • some are multi-cellular

  • Some are heterotroph, some are autotroph

  • All have eukaryotic cells- cells with a nucleus

  • Some are microscopic & some are large

  • Most reproduce asexually, some sexually

  • Ex: seaweed, slime mold, paramecium, & amoeba


  • Sometimes called the Junk drawer or misfits.


  • Most reproduce asexually, some reproduce sexually.

  • Remember: Unicellular usually reproduce asexually

  • Multicellular usually reproduce sexually



  • Most are multi-cellular

  • Only one unicellular (yeast)

  • heterotrophs decomposers

  • Called the Recyclers of Earth

  • Eukaryotic cells- has a nucleus

  • Ex: mushrooms, bread mold, yeast, athlete’s foot

  • Most reproduce Sexually (spores)

  • Some asexually


Plant Kingdom

Kingdom Plantae

  • Autotrophs- make their own food

  • Eukaryotic cells

  • Allare multi-cellular

  • Have chlorophyll in their cells allows the plants to make their own food

  • Ex: trees, roses, water lily

  • Most reproduce sexually (pollen), some asexually

Animal Kingdom


  • All multi-cellular

  • All heterotroph

  • Have Eukaryotic cells- (have a nucleus)

  • Most complex organisms on earth

  • Ex: pig, dog, cat, insects, humans

  • Most reproduce sexually

  • Youngest on Earth

Each kingdom can be broken into smaller groups based on shared characteristics


Archaeabacteria Eubacteria

No Nucleus


Has Nucleus





All 6 Kingdoms can be placed in one of the three domains:

  • 1. Archaea

  • 2. Bacteria

  • 3. Eukarya














Has a nucleus

No Nucleus

No nucleus

Archaea Domain

  • Unicellular

  • Asexual

  • Prokaryotic

  • Old

  • Kingdom: Archaebacteria

Bacteria Domain

  • Unicellular

  • Asexual

  • Most are heterotroph

  • Most common bacteria

  • Kingdom: Eubacteria

Eukarya DomainProtista, Fungi, Plants, & Animals

  • Characteristics Eukarya Domain have in common:

  • Eukaryotic

  • Unicellular/ Multicellular

  • Sexual / Asexual reproduction

  • Heterotrophic / autotrophic

Review- in pairs take turns answering the following questions

  • How many domains are there?

  • How many kingdoms are there?

  • What is a prokaryotic cell?

  • What is a eukaryotic cell?

  • What does unicellular mean?

  • What does multicellular mean?

  • If an organism reproduces asexually, it has how many parents or parent?

  • If an organism reproduces sexually, it has how many parents or parent?

  • What does it mean if an organism is autotrophic?

  • What does it mean if an organism is heterotrophic?

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