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Rushing for Gold. by Nicola Barber. 1 Why did John Sutter want to keep the discovery of gold a secret? A. John Sutter wanted to test the metal to make sure it was gold. B. John Sutter wanted to purchase the land where the gold was found .

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rushing for gold

Rushing for Gold

by Nicola Barber

slide2

1 Why did John Sutter want to keep the discovery of gold a secret?

    • A. John Sutter wanted to test the metal to make sure it was gold.
    • B. John Sutter wanted to purchase the land where the gold was
    • found.
    • C. John Sutter was afraid that James Marshall would receive credit
    • for the discovery.
    • D. John Sutter was interested in finding an easier way to remove
  • the gold from the land.

Analysis 7: Make connections (cause and effect)

within a text

(Reading GLE 2.3.1)

slide3

2 Which idea is best supported by information in the selection?

    • A. James Marshall’s discovery had life-changing results.
    • B. John Sutter and James Marshall were overjoyed about their find.
    • C. James Marshall’s discovery led to new methods of searching for gold.
    • D. John Sutter and James Marshall established new settlements for gold seekers.

Comprehension 1: Demonstrate understanding of

theme/message/main idea and supporting details

(Reading GLE 2.1.3)

slide4

3 Which sentence summarizes paragraph 2 in the selection?

    • A. John Sutter settled in California, built Sutter’s Fort and teamed
    • with James Marshall to construct a sawmill.
    • B. James Marshall’s discovery sparked a gold rush that caused the
    • population of California to increase.
    • C. James Marshall tested the gold by hammering it, putting it in a
    • campfire and dropping it into water.
    • D. John Sutter’s men were ordered to search for gold while digging a
      • riverbed at Sutter’s mill.

Comprehension 2: Summarize with evidence from the

text (Reading GLE 2.1.7)

slide5

4Why does the author include the quote, “The only machinery necessary in

  • the new gold mines of California is a stout pair of arms, a shovel, and a tin
  • pan,” from the New York Daily Tribune?
    • A. To explain the process of panning for gold
    • B. To describe where gold miners should search
    • C. To describe how easy it was for people to find gold
    • D. To explain why keeping the gold a secret was impossible

Critical Thinking 9: Analyze author’s purpose and

evaluate effectiveness for different audiences (includes fact/opinion;

author’s point of view, tone, and use of persuasive devices)

(Reading GLEs 2.4.2, 2.4.3, 2.4.4)

slide6

5 Based on the information in the selection, what inference can the reader

make about people who search for gold? Include information from the

selection in your inference.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Comprehension 3: Make or confirm inferences or

predictions based on the text

(Reading GLE 2.1.5)

slide8

Reasonable inferences may include, but are not limited to:

People have to work hard to find gold.

People who search for gold are willing to take risks.

People who search for gold didn’t take good care of the land where they found it.

Not everyone who finds gold becomes rich.

slide9

Text-based information may include, but are not limited to:

Marshall’s discovery sparked an era of gold madness

Ordinary people go to the goldfields and make a claim

They flocked from all over the world / People came to California from all over America

People were lured by the prospect of “getting rich quick”

Marshall and his partner, John Sutter, were not entirely happy about their amazing find / Neither was overjoyed about the find

Sutter didn’t own the land on which the sawmill was built / He knew the reports of gold would probably bring hordes of treasure seekers to the area

Two men decided to keep their find a secret

Sutter would try to secure ownership of the land

But any hopes of secrecy soon faded / Word leaked out

Strangers began to pour into the area

There was gold for everyone—(shopkeepers, farmers, soldiers, sailors, professors, or judges)

The only machinery necessary is a stout pair of arms / a shovel / a tin pan

The population of California had risen by more than 89,000, and still people kept coming

They should have become rich / Sutter died a poor man / Marshall turned to drink and died a pauper

Sutter’s land was overrun by prospectors and his estate was ruined

Panning was a long and back-breaking work

slide10

2

5 Based on the information in the selection, what inference can the reader

make about people who search for gold? Include information from the

selection in your inference.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

If you search for gold it is hard but worth it. Be ready because everyone will come from all over the world because you can get rich fast. By just a shovel and a pan and strong arms. Marshall and Sutter didn’t tell anyone because they were afraid people would find out and be all over their property and ruin their stuff.

This response provides an inference about people who search for gold and supports the inference with text-based details from the selection.

Inference: If you search for gold it is hard but worth it.

C. …everyone will come from all over the world…

D. …you can get rich fast.

L. By just a shovel and a pan and strong arms.

G. Marshall and Sutter didn’t tell anyone…

F. …they were afraid people would find out and be all over their property…

slide11

0

5 Based on the information in the selection, what inference can the reader

make about people who search for gold? Include information from the

selection in your inference.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

That it would be a hard, slow process. It will

not be easy and it is very dangerous looking

for gold in mines.

This response does not provide an inference about people who search for gold

and does not support the inference with text-based details from the selection.

slide12

2

5 Based on the information in the selection, what inference can the reader

make about people who search for gold? Include information from the

selection in your inference.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

People who search for gold have a 50/50

chance of finding it, but not if theres that

many people. Because in the story the two

men, James Marshall and John Sutter, died

poor.

This response provides an inference about people who search for gold and supports the inference with text-based details from the selection.

Inference: People who search for gold have a 50/50 chance of finding it…

P. … James Marshall … died poor.

P. … John Sutter … died poor.

slide13

0

5 Based on the information in the selection, what inference can the reader

make about people who search for gold? Include information from the

selection in your inference.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Mining for gold was the way that changed

life. It was easy for people to find it.

This response does not provide an inference about people who search for gold

and does not support the inference with text-based details from the selection.

slide14

1

5 Based on the information in the selection, what inference can the reader

make about people who search for gold? Include information from the

selection in your inference.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Getting gold should have made them rich

guys but instead everyone – shopkeepers,

farmers, soldiers, sailors, professors, and

judges came and took all the gold. They died

poor and broke after their land was ruined.

This response does not provide an inference but provides text-based details from the selection.

N. Getting gold should have made them rich guys

K. …everyone-shopkeepers, farmers, soldiers, sailors, professors,

and judges came and took all the gold.

P. They died poor and broke…

O. … their land was ruined.

slide15

1

5 Based on the information in the selection, what inference can the reader

make about people who search for gold? Include information from the

selection in your inference.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

They are greedy.

This response provides an inference about people who search for gold.

Inference: They are greedy.

slide16

6 What is the purpose of the text box at the end of the selection?

    • A. To explain how easy it was to find gold in California
    • B. To explain the process used to identify gold in the river
    • C. To explain the steps used to determine if a metal is gold
    • D. To explain the main events of the gold rush in California

Analysis 5: Informational/Functional Specific:

Demonstrate understanding of authors’ use of text features (titles, headings, captions, maps, charts, tables, graphs, pull-down menus, etc.)

(Reading GLE 2.2.2)

slide17

7 Based on the information in the selection, which conclusion can the reader

  • draw about John Sutter and James Marshall?
    • A. John Sutter and James Marshall were interested in sharing their
    • knowledge of panning for gold.
    • B. John Sutter and James Marshall were unable to discuss their
  • discovery with each other.
    • C. John Sutter and James Marshall were proud of helping other
    • prospectors find gold.
    • D. John Sutter and James Marshall were unable to enjoy the wealth
  • others found.

Critical Thinking 11: Extend information beyond text,

(make generalizations beyond the text to a broader idea or concept, or apply information to other texts and

situations, and support the generalization with details from the text)

(Reading GLEs 2.4.1, 2.4.5)

slide18

8 Which two things does the author contrast in the selection?

    • A. Panning and digging for gold
    • B. Sawmills and goldfields
    • C. Iron pyrite and gold.
    • D. Sand and gravel

Analysis 6: Compare and contrast using elements of the text(s)

(Reading GLEs 2.3.1, 2.4.6)

slide19

9 Why did James Marshall test several pieces of the metal he found?

    • A. To decide whether to continue building the sawmill
    • B. To decide whether his men were trustworthy
    • C. To make sure he had found real gold.
    • D. To make sure the area was safe

Analysis 7: Make connections (cause and effect)

within a text

(Reading GLE 2.3.1)

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