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THE AGE OF IMPERIALISM. Essential Question : What is imperialism and what factors led to the rise of imperialism?. The Industrial Revolution began in Britain’s ________ industry. . textile iron railroad steel. #1.

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THE AGE OF IMPERIALISM

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The age of imperialism

THE AGE OFIMPERIALISM


The age of imperialism

Essential Question:

What is imperialism and what factors led to the rise of imperialism?


The industrial revolution began in britain s industry

The Industrial Revolution began in Britain’s ________ industry.

  • textile

  • iron

  • railroad

  • steel

#1


The age of imperialism

Which of these is NOT one of the three factors of production necessary to mass-produce goods in an industry and run a big business?

  • Land

  • Labor

  • Capital

  • Taxes

#2


The age of imperialism

Which invention led to an increase in the demand for slave laborers in the southern part of the United States?

  • steam engine

  • cotton gin

  • railroad

  • steel-making process

#3


Which of these was not a positive effect of the industrial revolution

Which of these was NOT a positive effect of the Industrial Revolution?

  • Goods were mass-produced at lower costs

  • Huge profits were made selling machine-made goods

  • Many children worked in the factories

  • There were many technological breakthroughs at this time

#4


The age of imperialism

What is the term for when there is no competition in an industry and one company owns all of a type of product or service?

  • Socialism

  • Laissez-faire

  • Oligopoly

  • Monopoly

#5


The industrial revolution began in britain s industry1

The Industrial Revolution began in Britain’s ________ industry.

textile

iron

railroad

steel

#1

ANSWER: A


The age of imperialism

Which of these is NOT one of the three factors of production necessary to mass-produce goods in an industry and run a big business?

  • Land

  • Labor

  • Capital

  • Taxes

#2

ANSWER: D


The age of imperialism

Which invention led to an increase in the demand for slave laborers in the southern part of the United States?

  • steam engine

  • cotton gin

  • railroad

  • steel-making process

#3

ANSWER: B


Which of these was not a positive effect of the industrial revolution1

Which of these was NOT a positive effect of the Industrial Revolution?

  • Goods were mass-produced at lower costs

  • Huge profits were made selling machine-made goods

  • Many children worked in the factories

  • There were many technological breakthroughs at this time

#4

ANSWER: C


The age of imperialism

What is the term for when there no competition in an industry and one company owns all of a type of product or service?

  • Socialism

  • Laissez-faire

  • Oligopoly

  • Monopoly

#5

ANSWER: D


What is imperialism

WHAT IS IMPERIALISM?

IMPERIALISMis the seizure of a country or territory by a stronger country. The stronger country dominates weaker countries politically, economically, and socially. The reason: the stronger country gains power with the money it makes from using the weaker country.


The age of imperialism

DOMINATING WEAKER COUNTRIES


The age of imperialism

Based upon this image, what was the impact of imperialism?


The age of imperialism

From 1850 to 1914, the strong, industrialized nations of Europe used imperialismto seize colonies; they dominated the local governments and economies in Africa and Asia


The age of imperialism

Why did the industrialized nations of the world imperialize?

Nationalism in Europe meant that each nation wanted to become the most powerful

Having a lot of overseas colonies showed power

This turned into an all-out race for the best and most numerous colonies in Africa and Asia


The age of imperialism

The Industrial Revolutionled to a huge demand for raw materials so countries could make more factory-produced goods

The Industrial Revolution caused a huge demand for new overseas markets to sell their finished goods

Having numerous colonies in Africa and Asia helped fuel the Industrial Revolution


The age of imperialism

Christian missionaries wanted to convert the “uncivilized” natives in the world by creating churches, schools, and hospitals

Europeans believed in an idea called “Social Darwinism” that argued that Whites were the most evolved and superior race

Europeans believed in the “White Man’s Burden”: that they had a responsibility to civilize the world


Forms of imperialism

SPHERE OF INFLUENCE: Nations gain exclusive trading rights in territory, dominate all trade, but allow the local government to make other decisions

Forms of Imperialism

COLONY: Europeans seize a territory and rule it directly by sending governors to the colony

PROTECTORATE: Local government exists, but Europeans make all real decisions in order to protect their trade


The age of imperialism

SOCIAL DARWINISM: The Roots of European Racism

Charles Darwin: “survival of the fittest”

Darwin was talking about nature, but people tried to apply his ideas to economics and politics

This was known as “Social Darwinism”


The age of imperialism

SOCIAL DARWINISM: The Roots of European Racism

Social Darwinism is a social theory which states that the level a person rises to in society and wealth is determined by their genetic background

To Europeans, this justified their imperialism in Asia and Africa


The age of imperialism

EUROPEAN “SUPERIORITY”

Following the Industrial Revolution, Europeans regarded their new technology (weaponry, telegraphs, railroads, etc.) as PROOF that they were BETTER than other peoples


The age of imperialism

EUROPEAN “SUPERIORITY”

This attitude is a reflection of racism, the belief that one race is superior to others


The age of imperialism

Europeans believed that they had the right and duty to bring the results of their progress to other “inferior” and “uncivilized” countries


White man s burden

“WHITE MAN’S BURDEN”

"White Man's Burden": racist patronizing that preached that “superior” Westernershad anobligationto bring their culture to“uncivilized”people in other parts of the world

English writer Rudyard Kipling, in this 1899 poem, summarizes his view of the duties of imperial nations…

“Take up the White Man's burden.Send forth the best you breed.Go bind your sons to exile,To serve their captives' need.To wait, with patience mighty,On folk, ragged and wild:Your new-caught, depraved peoples,Half devil and half child.”


The age of imperialism

The “White Man’s Burden” appeared in advertisements and even in children’s books of the time period.

This ad says that to “brighten the dark corners of the earth”, the Europeans must teach Africans and Asians to use soap.


The age of imperialism

“I say that we British are the greatest race in the world. The more of the world we inhabit, the better it is for the human race. It is our duty to acquire more territory. More territory means more of the Anglo-Saxon race, the best race the world possesses.”

EUROPEAN RACISM

This British businessman would make huge profits from Africa’s natural resources.

CECIL RHODES


The age of imperialism

This became a common sight in Africa and Asia: Europeans using their superior military technology to imperialize


European racism

EUROPEAN RACISM

Imperialist nations embraced Social Darwinism in the mid-1800s, including Germany

Many years later, Social Darwinism in Germany will lead to a great deal of death and destruction, when this theory is used by lesser men…


What sparked european interest in africa

What sparked European interest in Africa?

Some of the reasons for the expansion of the European way of life came from missionaries


What sparked european interest in africa1

What sparked European interest in Africa?

One of the most famous of these missionaries was Dr. David Livingstone, a minister from Scotland who went to Africa to preach the Gospel and helped to end the slave trade


The age of imperialism

In the 1800s, Europeans and Americans were eager to read about adventures in distant places, like Africa and Asia


The search for livingstone

THE SEARCH FOR LIVINGSTONE

Newspapers competed for readers by hiring reporters to search the globe for stories

n

One of the most famous reporters at the time was Henry Stanley


The search for livingstone1

THE SEARCH FOR LIVINGSTONE

Livingstone had traveled deep into the heart of Africa and had not been heard from in years

Livingstone was feared to be dead

Stanley was hired in 1871 to find David Livingstone and write about his search


The age of imperialism

His greeting when he met Livingstone is famous

Ten months later, Stanley caught up with Livingstone


The age of imperialism

“Dr. Livingstone, I presume?”


The age of imperialism

Stanley’s story made him a celebrity; Stanley then set out to explore Africa himself

Stanley’s work was noticed by powerful people…


The age of imperialism

King Leopold II of Belgium hired Stanley to sign treaties with local chiefs in the Congo River Valley


The age of imperialism

The Scramble for Africa Begins…

This began European imperialism in Africa


The age of imperialism

European Control of Africa

By 1914, only two African nations remained independent


Motives for imperialism

MOTIVES FOR IMPERIALISM

#1: ECONOMIC

Economic motives included the desire to make money, to expand and control foreign trade, to create newmarkets for products, to acquire raw materials and cheap labor, and to export industrial technology and transportation methods


Motives for imperialism1

MOTIVES FOR IMPERIALISM

#2: POLITICAL

Political motives were based on a nation’s desire to gain power, to compete with other European countries, to expand territory, to exercise military force, to gain prestige by winning colonies, and to boost national pride


The age of imperialism

MOTIVES FOR IMPERIALISM

#3: RELIGIOUS

Religious motives included the desire to spread Christianity, to protect European missionaries in other lands, to spread European values and moral beliefs, to educate peoples of other cultures, and to end the slave trade in Africa


The age of imperialism

MOTIVES FOR IMPERIALISM

#4: SOCIAL (IDEOLOGICAL)

Social (or ideological) motives were based on the belief that the white race was superior, other cultures were “primitive,” Europeans should “civilize” other peoples, great nations should have empires, and only the strongest nationssurvive


The age of imperialism

MOTIVES FOR IMPERIALISM

#5: EXPLORATORY

Exploratory motives were based on a desire to explore “unknown” or uncharted territories, to conduct scientific research, to conduct medical searches for the causes and treatment of diseases, to go on an adventure, and investigate unknown cultures


Discussion questions

Discussion Questions

  • Which motivation appeared the most?

  • Why do you think that was the most common motivating factor?

  • What similarities did you see between the different “documents”?

  • What perspective was missing from the documents?


The age of imperialism

Revamped and redone by Christopher Jaskowiak

Originally created by

Brooks Baggett


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