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Driverless Car Summit 2012. Association of Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) Richard Bishop, Automotive Lead. AUVSI. Non-profit industry association focusing on air/land/water unmanned operations 40 years 500+ corporate members expanding into civilian vehicle autonomy

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driverless car summit 2012

Driverless Car Summit 2012

Association of Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI)

Richard Bishop, Automotive Lead

  • Non-profit industry association focusing on air/land/water unmanned operations
    • 40 years
    • 500+ corporate members
    • expanding into civilian vehicle autonomy
  • Driverless Cars 2022 Initiative: stretch goal
    • what does it take to get there?
  • DCS 2012 first meeting of its kind
driverless car summit
Driverless Car Summit
  • Detroit, June 12-13, 2012
  • Agenda included:
    • White House Office of Science and Technology Policy
    • USDOD
    • Nevada Dept. of Motor Vehicles
    • Google, GM, Daimler, Continental
  • ~ 250 attendees
types of automation
Types of Automation
  • beyond automated longitudinal control (ACC) to add some level of automated lateral control (lane centering)
  • driver must still maintain vigilance as to any unusual situation on the road
  • How successful will these systems be in maintaining driver engagement?
  • Will driver monitoring become common?
  • Traffic Jam Assistant (full control below a speed threshold on highways)
  • automated urban “citycars”
industry representation
Industry Representation
  • Car industry
    • Chrysler, Daimler, Ford, GM, Honda, Nissan, Toyota, Volkswagen, and Volvo Cars
  • Suppliers
    • Valeo, Continental, others
  • Google
  • Ground vehicle robotics firms
  • Transportation engineering firms
car industry perspectives
Car Industry Perspectives
  • the advent of vehicle automation is by now a given
  • systems are being designed to handle the roads and traffic “as-is.”
  • The role of the infrastructure is open, as to how traffic management and mobility enhancement systems adapt.
  • Expanding mobility for the disabled and elderly is a motivator
    • compelling given the aging of the Baby Boom generation
car industry perspectives1
Car Industry Perspectives
  • Dr. Gary Smyth, General Motors
    • significant vehicle evolution in the next decades
    • expansion of the DNA of today’s personal mobility vehicle to include electrification, electronics, and connectivity.
    • “transferred control” (hands/feet off) by mid-end decade
    • autonomous driving by the end of the decade.
    • Super Cruise (combined lat/lon control): near term
    • Knowledge of the driver state and vehicle capability is essential
    • investing significant effort into understanding transfer of control – this has to be done successfully in 2-3 seconds
car industry perspectives2
Car Industry Perspectives
  • Dr. Luca Delgrossi, Daimler:
    • stepwise approach to automated driving
    • looking at autonomous driving as their final goal
    • F800 prototype: Traffic Jam Assistance
    • requires driver to touch the steering wheel at regular intervals to stay engaged
  • Christian Schumacher, Continental
    • combined longitudinal and lateral control
    • using equipment currently on the car
    • implementing new features through sophisticated software
industry perspective
Industry Perspective
  • Chris Urmson, Google:
    • key priority is to program the vehicle to operate as if driven by a human.
    • strong focus on defining performance metrics
    • Re introduction: “the perfect is the enemy of the good”
      • we should not wait for perfection
  • States passing driving laws
  • USDOT assessing risks and addressing challenges
  • USDOD beginning deployments for specific vehicles and operational environments
  • Active collaboration between these DOT and DOD being explored
  • John Augustine, USDOT ITS Joint Program Office
    • “the technology is feasible and deployment achievable.”
    • automation can help across the board in addressing road transportation goals
    • JPO funding multi-agency Automated Vehicle Exploratory Research program
      • passenger cars, heavy trucks, and transit
  • John Maddox, NHTSA
    • newly defined automated driving research program
    • stake in the ground: autonomous vehicles must be “better than humans.”
    • goal for automated vehicles: “crash-less … I don\'t think people are willing to accept robotic error resulting in killing people.”
    • “challenges can be met”
  • Dr. Jim Overholt, US Army Tank and Automotive Research, Development, and Engineering Center (TARDEC), Ground Vehicle Robotics Innovation Center
  • “I want to allow soldiers to do something else while doing the mundane task of driving.”
  • Autonomous Robotics for Installation and Base Operations (ARIBO) program
    • application of autonomous vehicles to real-world needs at military bases
    • roads and facilities at these bases can serve as a more “protected” environment compared to the open road
    • Army sees these bases as a good testbed for autonomous operations
    • possible way to collaborate with USDOT for testing
    • pursuing the use of robotic vehicles at Fort Bragg to ferry “wounded warriors” to medical care facilities on-base
user panel urban complexity
User Panel: Urban Complexity
  • constant interaction outside the car – other drivers, bicyclists, pedestrians
  • cyclists must be confident they are “seen” in entering an intersection, and they confirm this by looking at the driver
  • how will the self-driving car “communicate” in such a situation and share the road space appropriately?
  • will this new technology be designed for use by the blind to expand their mobility?
  • a series of demonstrations and public campaigns will be important to inspiring public confidence in automated driving.
legal issues panel
Legal Issues Panel
  • change the legal infrastructure to enable automated vehicles, or change the vehicles to adapt to existing law?
  • general response: vehicles will adapt to the law – not realistic to seek for laws to be passed just to address liability issues with automated vehicles.
  • on-board data recording important
    • use electronic discovery of evidenceto prepare the way today for lawsuits tomorrow
    • using data to prove in court when the vehicle is not responsible for a mishap.
  • significant uncertainty in the legal realm is inhibiting the industry.
connectivity automation
Connectivity <> Automation
  • connected vehicles and automated vehicles are separate topics yet inter-related and complementary
  • in the longer term, exchange of data between vehicles promises to enhance performance overall.
  • cybersecurityis a significant concern
dcs12 summary
DCS12 Summary
  • interactive format deepened understanding and cross-industry connections
  • telling the story important -- we need a strategy and plan in educating the public
  • cross-industry issues should be addressed, for example:
    • testing / certification
    • state-level regulations
  • continue regular information sharing
2013 driverless car summit
2013 Driverless Car Summit
  • Detroit
  • May or June 2013
  • Annual meetings planned in following years