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Classical Era. 1750-1830 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vNZbvb8X0DQ. 1752 – Benjamin Franklin discovers electricity 1776 – Declaration of Independence by American Colonies 1789 – French Revolution begins 1796 – U.S. Bill of Rights ratified 1803 – Louisiana Purchase. Historical Events.

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Classical era

Classical Era

1750-1830

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vNZbvb8X0DQ


Historical events

Historical Events


Important musical events

Important Musical Events


Musical style

  • Simpler and clarified style

  • Clearly defined forms

  • Most popular form was the contrast of two basic melodies, “Melody A” and “Melody B”

Musical Style


Results

Results


Melody

  • Strong emphasis on the importance of melody sonatas were the results of this new style.

  • Lyrical, singable, using regular four-measure phrases

  • Familiar folk melodies were used in classical music

  • Describe this melody: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rZ9oI3Pzwoc

Melody


Rhythm

  • Simple and constant rhythm patterns sonatas were the results of this new style.

  • Tempos are constant for entire sections and don’t slow til’ the end

  • Silence became part of the element of rhythm in Classical music.

Rhythm


Harmony

Harmony


Genres

  • The Classical period was the first to organize the instruments of the orchestra into different groups: strings, woodwind, brasses and percussion.

  • Chamber music was instrumental music for small groups

  • Dynamic markings are first used to indicate how loud or soft the composer wanted the music

Genres


Famous composers

  • Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) instruments of the orchestra into different groups: strings, woodwind, brasses and percussion.

  • Began music study at 7 yrs. Old in Vienna

  • Became a music director for Count Morzin in Bohemia in 1759

  • Became assistant music director for Prince Paul Esterhazy in 1761 and remained so for 45 years.

  • Mozart became a good friend of Haydn

  • Describe his music: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ASB6hFUat4g

Famous Composers


Composers

  • Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770-1827) instruments of the orchestra into different groups: strings, woodwind, brasses and percussion.

    • Some historians claim Beethoven as a Romantic composer. I think he is a combination of late Classical and early Romantic

    • Childhood of poverty due to dad being an alcoholic and drinking away the family’s $

    • In late 1790s began to lose hearing

    • By the early 1800s Beethoven was completely deaf

Composers


Beethoven continued

  • His musical works include: instruments of the orchestra into different groups: strings, woodwind, brasses and percussion.

    • 9 Symphonies

    • 11 Overtures

    • 16 String Quartets

    • 30 Piano Sonatas

    • Numerous Chamber music pieces

    • Listen to and describe his music: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-kcOpyM9cBg

Beethoven Continued


Composers1

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) instruments of the orchestra into different groups: strings, woodwind, brasses and percussion.

  • At 3 yrs. Old began to play tunes on the harpsichord

  • 5yrs. Began to compose minuets for the harpsichord

  • At 6yrs. Old when on tour to play for royalty of Austria and Germany

Composers


Mozart s works

Mozart’s Works


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