A Theory-Based Model for Educating ELL Students at the Secondary Level. Craig A. Hughes WABE Conference May 13, 2006. Theoretical Foundation. Thomas & Collier’s “Prism Model” is the key foundation All areas of the Prism need to be addressed. Theoretical Foundation. Language Needs
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Craig A. Hughes
May 13, 2006
Staffing is provided as “general educators.” Secondary Level
Staff collaboration can be achieved with planning.
Team teaching can be arranged with little conflict
Staffing is provided along departmental lines.
Staff collaboration, including team teaching, must cross over departments lines.Comparison of Elementary Schools and Secondary School
The limited bilingual materials available are at the elementary level
Bilingual materials are scarce.
Teachers need to spend more time finding and/or creating quality materialsComparison of Elementary Schools and Secondary School
Recent arrivals have similar levels of linguistic and academic development
Instruction level can be more uniform.
Recent arrival have tremendous differences in academic, native language, and English language development
Class placement requires more flexibility.Comparison of Elementary Schools and Secondary School
Research and teacher preparation focused at the elementary level.Comparison of Elementary Schools and Secondary School
Social inclusion is more likely to occur naturally.
Prejudices and stereotypes have become well developed.
Limits social inclusion of “outsiders.”Comparison of Elementary Schools and Secondary School