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Renewable Energy in Africa Status and Prospects. AFREPREN/FWD. Overview. Background on energy supply and consumption in Africa AFREPREN/FWD’s assessment of RETs development in Africa How the penetration of RETs could be improved. Background on energy supply and consumption in Africa.

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Renewable energy in africa status and prospects

Renewable Energy in AfricaStatus and Prospects

AFREPREN/FWD


Overview
Overview

  • Background on energy supply and consumption in Africa

  • AFREPREN/FWD’s assessment of RETs development in Africa

  • How the penetration of RETs could be improved



Energy supply in africa
Energy Supply in Africa

  • Africa produces less than 10% of the world’s energy supply

* Biomass refers to combustible renewables (mainly fuelwood, charcoal and agro-residues) and waste

Source: IEA, 2005


Energy consumption in africa
Energy Consumption in Africa

* Biomass refers to combustible renewables (mainly fuelwood, charcoal and agro-residues) and waste

Source: IEA, 2005


African energy sector 3 distinct regions
African Energy Sector – 3 distinct regions

  • North Africa – oil and gas sub-region

  • South Africa – coal sub-region

  • Sub-Saharan Africa – biomass region


Population with no electricity millions a few successes ghana mauritius s africa zimbabwe
Population With No Electricity (Millions) A few successes (Ghana, Mauritius, S. Africa, Zimbabwe)


Status of renewables in africa
Status of Renewables in Africa

  • Africa is endowed with substantial renewable energy resources



Emphasis on conventional energy options
Emphasis on Conventional Energy Options

  • Higher proportion of funding allocated to conventional energy sector - large-scale hydro and petroleum

  • Ethiopia: Virtually entire energy budget allocated to conventional large scale investments

  • Smaller scale renewables largely left out (even dominant biomass is ignored)

  • Results – contributes to low levels of access to modern energy which, in turn, contribute to increased poverty



Why promote renewables in africa implications for the poor
Why Promote Renewables in Africa? Implications for the Poor

  • Significant energy resource potential exists

  • Conventional energy supply unreliable and not reaching the poor

  • Enhance competitiveness of agro-industries

  • Job creation potential





How can penetration of re be improved
How Can Penetration of RE be Improved? Improved?

  • Rationale for promoting renewables not well argued

    • Climate change and environmental concerns not applicable in Africa

  • Solid rationale for promoting renewables :

    • Enhancing modern energy access to the poor

    • Availability of plentiful and cost-competitive renewables (hydro & geothermal)

    • Ability to provide cost-competitive energy services to remote rural settlements

    • Significant job and enterprise creation potential

  • Increased attention towards non-electrical RETs


Non electrical options for poverty alleviation
Non-electrical Options for Poverty Alleviation Improved?

  • Low cost but more efficient biomass-based combustion

    • Improved cookstoves (household and institutional)

    • Efficient charcoal kilns, brick making kilns

    • fish smokers, tea dryers and wood dryers

  • Pico and micro hydro for shaft power

    • Can be used to process agricultural produce, increase its value and pump water for irrigation

  • Low cost efficient tools and equipment using human or animal energy

    • Increase the agricultural productivity of the rural poor

    • E.g Treadle pumps for small-scale irrigation


Non electrical options
Non-electrical Options Improved?

  • Solar dryers

    • Can lower post-harvest losses and enable the rural farmers market their produce when prices are higher

  • Solar water pasteurizers

    • Provide clean potable water and reduce water borne diseases, which translates to increased availability of labor and thus increases agricultural output

  • Solar water heaters

    • Significant reduction in electricity load for heating water, and significant potential for local manufacture and assembly


Case study treadle irrigation pump
Case Study: Treadle Irrigation Pump Improved?

  • Simple, low-cost pumping technologies for irrigation and water supply

  • Use in irrigation increases incomes of rural farmers by over ten-fold

  • 45,000 pumps in use by poor farmers in Kenya and Tanzania

  • 29,000 new waged jobs created

  • 70% of pumps managed by women

  • 4 manufacturers in the region, with over 200 retailers selling pumps in Kenya, Tanzania and Mali



Case study improved charcoal kenya ceramic jiko
Case Study: Improved Charcoal Kenya Ceramic Jiko Improved?

  • One of the most successful stove projects in Africa

  • Made of metal cladding with a wide base and a ceramic liner (safer to use - cooler on the outside)

  • In use in about 100% of urban households in Kenya (16% of rural homes)

    • 2.6 million stoves in use in Kenya alone (cumulative production now over 15 million)

  • Fully self-sustaining using locally produced materials and skills – generated jobs & new enterprises

  • Reduces charcoal consumption by 30-50%


Case study improved charcoal kenya ceramic jiko1
Case Study: Improved Charcoal Kenya Ceramic Jiko Improved?

  • KCJ in use in Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi, Ethiopia, Zambia, Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi & Senegal

  • Being introduced in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Ghana and Madagascar


Thank you
Thank You Improved?

Contacts

AFREPREN/FWD

Elgeyo Marakwet Close, Kilimani

P. O. Box 30979, 00100 GPO

Nairobi, Kenya

Tel: +254 20 3866032/3871467

Fax: +254 20 3861464/3876470/3740524

E-mail: [email protected]

Website: www.afrepren.org


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