Separation methods for mixtures
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SEPARATION METHODS FOR MIXTURES. SEPARATION METHODS FOR MIXTURES. The key is to find a property that one part of the mixture does have but the other doesn't. This relies on their physical properties. FILTERING Pour a mixture (solid and liquid), through a filter paper.

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Separation methods for mixtures1
SEPARATION METHODS FOR MIXTURES

  • The key is to find a property that one part of the mixture does have but the other doesn't. This relies on their physical properties.

  • FILTERING

    Pour a mixture (solid and

    liquid), through a filter paper.

    Depends on the solubility.


Separation methods for mixtures2
SEPARATION METHODS FOR MIXTURES

  • CRYSTALLIZATION

    Slow formation of a solid from a warm solution that is cooled. Depends on the solubility.


Distillation
DISTILLATION

  • Boil off and condense the more volatile component in a liquid mixture. Depends on volatility.


Separation methods for mixtures3
SEPARATION METHODS FOR MIXTURES

  • DECANTING

    Used to separate a liquid from an insoluble solid. The solid stays in the bottom.


Chromatography
CHROMATOGRAPHY

Involves the separation of different dissolved substances as they travel through a material


Separation methods for mixtures4
SEPARATION METHODS FOR MIXTURES

  • CENTRIFUGATION

    Involves the use of the centrifugal force. More dense components migrate away. Solid particles remain on the bottom.


Separation methods for mixtures5
SEPARATION METHODS FOR MIXTURES

  • EVAPORATION

    Separation of a liquid and a soluble solid.


Magnetism
MAGNETISM

A magnetically susceptible material is extracted from a mixture using a magnetic force.


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