Implementing agricultural water improvements in challenging contexts ghana
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Implementing agricultural water improvements in challenging contexts : Ghana. 12 September 2012. Focus of IFAD investments: Ghana. Upper East Region Land Conversation and Rehabilitation Project Upper West Agricultural Development Project Northern Region Poverty Reduction Program

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Implementing agricultural water improvements in challenging contexts ghana

Implementing agricultural water improvements in challenging contexts: Ghana

12 September 2012


Focus of ifad investments ghana

Focus of IFAD investments: Ghana

  • Upper East Region Land Conversation and Rehabilitation Project

  • Upper West Agricultural Development Project

  • Northern Region Poverty Reduction Program

  • Northern Rural Growth Program


What are the challenges

What are the challenges?

  • Policy development, gap in implementation

  • Data: access and quality

  • Decentralization

  • Technical design

  • Community engagement


Development and awm challenges

Development and AWM challenges

  • Selection of sites: needs and factors

  • Low capacity of contractors

  • Low capacity in finance and admin

  • Delay in payments from development partners

  • Poor exit strategy (incomplete projects, transfer)

  • Low capacity to deliver services

  • Lack of coordination between MoFA and GIDA

  • Lack of data, inaccessible research results


District level challenges

District level challenges

  • Partisanship at local level

  • Accountability upwards

  • Sub-structures of decentralization not created

  • Neglect of agriculture at local level

  • Lack of expertise in agricultural water at district level


Community level challenges on schemes

Community Level Challenges on Schemes

  • Watershed management – lack of compliance

  • Upstream management: siltation

  • Maintenance: WUA fees do not cover, low capacity of WUAs for O & M

  • Incomplete construction – supervision of contractors

  • Design challenges: capacity for O&M, multiple uses, livestock incursion into irrigated fields


Community level challenges

Community Level Challenges

  • Land tenure: seasonal user rights

  • Gender, participation and decision-making

  • Profitability challenges:

    • Market access and low prices for commodities

    • High cost of and lack of access to inputs

    • Small plot size

    • Appropriateness of investments in agricultural water (reservoirs, water lifting options)


Community cited benefits of irrigation schemes

Community cited benefits of irrigation schemes

  • Increased food security

  • Higher cash income

  • Livestock benefit

  • Decrease in outward migration rates

  • Off-season work

  • Multiple use benefits


Recommendations

Recommendations

  • Policy consultation, coordination, advocacy

  • Improving procurement, financial administration: building capacity, awareness

  • Project design: site selection, community engagement, O & M capacity levels, multiple use, integrated components, longer time

  • Extension service capacity strengthening

  • Strengthening SAKSS for research and data

  • Community engagement


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