implementing agricultural water improvements in challenging contexts ghana
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Implementing agricultural water improvements in challenging contexts : Ghana. 12 September 2012. Focus of IFAD investments: Ghana. Upper East Region Land Conversation and Rehabilitation Project Upper West Agricultural Development Project Northern Region Poverty Reduction Program

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focus of ifad investments ghana
Focus of IFAD investments: Ghana
  • Upper East Region Land Conversation and Rehabilitation Project
  • Upper West Agricultural Development Project
  • Northern Region Poverty Reduction Program
  • Northern Rural Growth Program
what are the challenges
What are the challenges?
  • Policy development, gap in implementation
  • Data: access and quality
  • Decentralization
  • Technical design
  • Community engagement
development and awm challenges
Development and AWM challenges
  • Selection of sites: needs and factors
  • Low capacity of contractors
  • Low capacity in finance and admin
  • Delay in payments from development partners
  • Poor exit strategy (incomplete projects, transfer)
  • Low capacity to deliver services
  • Lack of coordination between MoFA and GIDA
  • Lack of data, inaccessible research results
district level challenges
District level challenges
  • Partisanship at local level
  • Accountability upwards
  • Sub-structures of decentralization not created
  • Neglect of agriculture at local level
  • Lack of expertise in agricultural water at district level
community level challenges on schemes
Community Level Challenges on Schemes
  • Watershed management – lack of compliance
  • Upstream management: siltation
  • Maintenance: WUA fees do not cover, low capacity of WUAs for O & M
  • Incomplete construction – supervision of contractors
  • Design challenges: capacity for O&M, multiple uses, livestock incursion into irrigated fields
community level challenges
Community Level Challenges
  • Land tenure: seasonal user rights
  • Gender, participation and decision-making
  • Profitability challenges:
    • Market access and low prices for commodities
    • High cost of and lack of access to inputs
    • Small plot size
    • Appropriateness of investments in agricultural water (reservoirs, water lifting options)
community cited benefits of irrigation schemes
Community cited benefits of irrigation schemes
  • Increased food security
  • Higher cash income
  • Livestock benefit
  • Decrease in outward migration rates
  • Off-season work
  • Multiple use benefits
recommendations
Recommendations
  • Policy consultation, coordination, advocacy
  • Improving procurement, financial administration: building capacity, awareness
  • Project design: site selection, community engagement, O & M capacity levels, multiple use, integrated components, longer time
  • Extension service capacity strengthening
  • Strengthening SAKSS for research and data
  • Community engagement
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