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Cause Effect. g. h. b. i. e. c. a. j. f. d. CAUSE AND EFFECT EXPRESSIONS. Cause words - because, since, as, so, therefore, (preferable) Causal phrases - because of, in view of the fact, on account of the fact, owing to the fact, the reason why, due to

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Cause Effect

g

h

b

i

e

c

a

j

f

d


CAUSE AND EFFECT EXPRESSIONS

Cause words - because, since, as, so, therefore, (preferable)

Causal phrases - because of, in view of the fact, on account of the

fact, owing to the fact, the reason why, due to

(not commonly used)

  • Because, as, and since introduce a cause;

  • so introduces an effect.

  • used to join two complete sentences (or independent clauses)

  • together.

I stayed at home, because it was raining.It was raining, so I stayed at home.

You can also reverse the order of the sentences with because, as, and since:

Because it was raining, I stayed at home.

Note that this is not possible with so.


  • therefore, consequently, and as a resultintroduce an effect.

  • used to join two complete sentences (or independent clauses)

  • together.

It was raining; therefore, I stayed at home.

It was raining. Consequently, I stayed at home.

  • due to, because of introduce a cause in the form of a noun

  • phrase.

  • I stayed at home, due to the rain.

  • Because of the rain, I stayed at home.


  • The cost of petroleum has gone up. I would like to buy a car later.

  • My sister is good at English. I would like her to take up English literature.

  • It was pitch dark. I could see nothing on the road.

  • You cannot believe him. He is a liar

  • There were too many mosquitoes. I could not have a wink of sleep.

  • I would like to buy a car later, because the cost of petroleum has gone up.

  • As my sister is good at English, I would like her to take up English literature.

  • Since it was pitch dark, I could see nothing on the road.

  • He is a liar.So, you cannot believe him

  • There were too many mosquitoes. So, I could not have a wink of sleep.


Make and Join the later.causes in column A with the effects in column B

Column A Column B

Loud horns and blaring

loudspeakers increase the soil erosion

b)Depletion of bamboo forests damage to ear drums

c)Chemical pollution evacuation of thousands

of families

d)Construction of big dams green house effect and

ozone pollution

Because of loud horns and blaring loud speakers, ear drums are damaged

Soil erosion is increased due to the depletion of bamboo forest

Green house effect and ozone pollution are caused by chemical pollution

As a result of construction of big dams, thousands of families are evacuated


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