Two announcements: Reaction paper to Gilgamesh due Fri., Jan. 21 (2) Interested in NOMADS ?? Brown bag talk: Dr. Daniel Prior, “A Trope of Nomadic Life in Eurasian History and Folklore” Tues., Jan. 18, 12:30 in Dulles Hall 250
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ARYAN INVASIONS AND INDIAN CIVILIZATION
I. The conventional wisdom on how the Indus river valley
civilization ended: Aryan invasions, ca. 1500 B.C.E.
B. Nomadic pastoralists from Caucasus Mts.
C. Military technology: chariots (?)
D. The original Indo-European religion
(1) Ritual purification
(2) Roots of Hinduism and Zoroastrianism
F. Horse sacrifice allows Aryans to expand from Indus to
G. Aryan writing:
H. Roots of HINDUISM
Aryan poetry →Vedas,
oldest Hindu scripture
Vedic period =
III. Basics of HINDUISM
*A. SAMSARA = cycle of birth and rebirth, driven by KARMA (deeds in
B. DHARMA = obligation to other living beings
*C. AHIMSA = non-violence/non-harming to all living beings
D. MAYA = illusion of physical world
E. MOKSHA = union with universal godhead and release from MAYA
*F. YOGA (“union”) = exercises to overcome physical body
(* = introduced after Aryan/Vedic period)
IV. Divinities are all part of universal godhead; take different
forms (notably human, but with many arms and/or heads)
V. The VEDAS introduced the CASTE system, corresponding to
body of creator god BRAHMA.
HEAD = Brahmans / Brahmins (priests)
ARMS = Kshatriyas (warriors, rulers)
THIGHS = Vaishyas (middle class:
merchants, farmers, teachers, etc.)
FEET = Sudras (unclean tasks:
butchering meat , tanning skins,
cutting hair, etc.)
VI. The caste system and DISEASE prevention??
role of disease in world history