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Two announcements: Reaction paper to Gilgamesh due Fri., Jan. 21 (2) Interested in NOMADS ?? Brown bag talk: Dr. Daniel Prior, “A Trope of Nomadic Life in Eurasian History and Folklore” Tues., Jan. 18, 12:30 in Dulles Hall 250

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  • Two announcements:

  • Reaction paper to Gilgamesh due Fri., Jan. 21

  • (2) Interested in NOMADS??

  • Brown bag talk:

  • Dr. Daniel Prior, “A Trope of Nomadic Life in Eurasian

  • History and Folklore”

  • Tues., Jan. 18, 12:30 in Dulles Hall 250

  • Free food and beverages!


ARYAN INVASIONS AND INDIAN CIVILIZATION

I. The conventional wisdom on how the Indus river valley

civilization ended: Aryan invasions, ca. 1500 B.C.E.



B. Nomadic pastoralists from Caucasus Mts.

“Aryans,” “Caucasians”


C. Military technology: chariots (?)

D. The original Indo-European religion

(1) Ritual purification

(2) Roots of Hinduism and Zoroastrianism




G. Aryan writing:

SANSKRIT

H. Roots of HINDUISM

Aryan poetry →Vedas,

oldest Hindu scripture

Vedic period =

1500-800 B.C.E.


III. Basics of HINDUISM

*A. SAMSARA = cycle of birth and rebirth, driven by KARMA (deeds in

present life)

B. DHARMA = obligation to other living beings

*C. AHIMSA = non-violence/non-harming to all living beings

D. MAYA = illusion of physical world

E. MOKSHA = union with universal godhead and release from MAYA

*F. YOGA (“union”) = exercises to overcome physical body

(* = introduced after Aryan/Vedic period)


IV. Divinities are all part of universal godhead; take different

forms (notably human, but with many arms and/or heads)

Indra

Brahma

Ganesha

Vishnu

Shiva


V. The VEDAS introduced the CASTE system, corresponding to different

body of creator god BRAHMA.

HEAD = Brahmans / Brahmins (priests)

ARMS = Kshatriyas (warriors, rulers)

THIGHS = Vaishyas (middle class:

merchants, farmers, teachers, etc.)

FEET = Sudras (unclean tasks:

butchering meat , tanning skins,

cutting hair, etc.)

UNTOUCHABLES


VI. The caste system and differentDISEASE prevention??

role of disease in world history


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