Hinduism. Presented by: Ambassador of India to Chile Susmita Gongulee Thomas. “There are as many ways to god as there are men”. This is India.
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Presented by: Ambassador of India to Chile
Susmita Gongulee Thomas
“There are as many ways to god as there are men”
This is India
“In religion and culture, India is the only millionaire! There is only one India, the land of dreams and romance. The one land all men desire to see, and having seen once, by even a glimpse, would not give that glimpse for the shows of all the rest of the globe combined. India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grandmother of tradition. Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only.”
Facts About India
Languages of India
Religions of India
Islam- about 12%
Zionism –about 0.0005%
Buddhism- about 0.7%
Uniqueness and Spread:-
Hinduism is henotheistic
Categorizing the religion of Hinduism is somewhat confusing:
The hindu Trinity
Lord Maheswar or Shiva- the Destroyer is third of the trinity of Hindu Gods.
Brahma- the Creator is the first god of the trinity. He is the incarnation of the Supreme Brahman.
Vishnu- the Preserver is the second of the trinity.
aspects of Vishnu
Names of hinduism
This religion is called:
Then in addition there are:
Rig Veda - Knowledge of Hymns, 10,859 verses
“There is only one truth, only men describe it in different ways.“
Yajur Veda - Knowledge of Liturgy, 3,988 verses
Sama Veda - Knowledge of Classical Music, 1,549 verses
Ayur Veda - Knowledge of Medicine, over 100,000 verses
Upanishads deal with Vedic philosophy; form the conclusions of each of the Vedas. "They tell us how the soul (Atman) can be united with the ultimate truth (Brahman) through contemplation and mediation, as well as the doctrine of Karma-- the cumulative effects of a persons' actions." They teach:
Contents of texts
Jyotisha – Astrology and Astronomy.
Kalpa – Rituals and Legal matters.
Siksha – Phonetics.
Aitareya – Creation of the Universe, Man and Evolution.
Chandogya – Reincarnation, Soul.
Kaushitaki – Karma.
Kena – Austerity, Work, and Restraint.
Dharnur Veda – Science of Archery and War.
Mundaka – Discipline, Faith and warning of Ignorance.
Sulba Sutra – Knowledge of Mathematics
Yoga Sutra - Knowledge of Meditation
Kama Sutra - Knowledge of Love and Sex
Two major divisions within Hinduism:
"Ekam Sataha Vipraha Bahudha Vadanti"
"The Truth is One, Different Sages Call it by Different Names"
A. Those who live in the world or "samsara." as a normal humans form the "pravritti,“. Their three goals are:
B. Those who renounce the world or "samsara." are "nivritti,". Their main goal is:
The basics of hinduism
5 PRINCIPLES 1. God Exists: One Absolute OM. One Trinity: Brahma, Vishnu, Maheshwara (Shiva)Several divine forms2. All human beings are divine3. Unity of existence through love4. Religious harmony5. Knowledge of 3 Gs: Ganga (sacred river), Gita (sacred script), Gayatri (sacred mantra)
10 DISCIPLINES1. Satya (Truth)2. Ahimsa (Non-violence)3. Brahmacharya (Celibacy, non-adultery)4. Asteya (No desire to possess or steal)5. Aparighara (Non-corrupt)6. Shaucha (Cleanliness)7. Santosh (Contentment)8. Swadhyaya (Reading of scriptures)9. Tapas (Austerity, perseverance, penance)10. Ishwarpranidhan (Regular prayers)
Dance- a tribute to Gods
"Man must have an original cradle land whence the peopling of
the earth was brought about by migration.
As to man’s cradle land, there have been many theories but the
weight of evidence is in favour of Indo-Malaysia.”
"If there is a country on earth which can justly claim the honour of having been the cradle of the Human race or at least the scene of primitive civilization, the successive developments of which carried into all parts of the ancient world and even beyond, the blessings of knowledge which is the second life of man, that country is assuredly India.“
The Encyclopedia Britannica Quote
"In India today,
we have a lady born a Catholic (Sonia Gandhi)
stepping aside so a Sikh (Manmohan Singh)
could be sworn in by a Muslim president (Abdul Kalam)
to lead a nation that's 82% Hindu.
I defy anyone to cite another country with such diversity and tolerance to its political leadership."