Ag. C u. Industrial process: mining, processing - flotation, smelting - electrolysis Cu, Ag. Seismic hazards in Poland very low, but sometimes „induced seismicity” Last : 19 march 2013 Copper mine area: LUBIN. Zinc minerals in such a form are present nearly exclusively in Silesi a.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Industrial process: mining, processing - flotation, smelting - electrolysis Cu, Ag
but sometimes „induced seismicity”
Last : 19 march 2013
Copper minearea: LUBIN
Zinc and lead ore
Zinc and lead ore : massive-, breccia, impregnation~ 3% Zn,< 2% Pb
Minerals : galena PbS, sphalerite ZnS, marcasite FeS2
depth : ~ 250m( 90 - 100m)
Thichness ore bodies :cm – several m
WATER INFLOW TO MINES
30 m³/min.It is necessary to pump out significant amounts of underground waters
A lithological profile of the deposit area indicates the fact that the Triassic dolomites – shally limestone, are mineralized
The deposit is at the depth of 200 – 300 metres.
Lead and zinc minerals contain some amounts of Ag, Cd, Tl.
opencast mining (in the past)
in salt dome
4 salt cyclothems Z1-Z4 located in the roof of copper deposit
Power station - 4 320 MW
Resources ~ 2 mld tare enough for 2032
production 38,5 Mio. t/a
overburden100-120 mln m³/r
water 190 Mln. t/a
Thickness: ~55 m (100 m)
Pola górnicze: "Bełchatów", "Szczerców" i "Kamieńsk„mine field.
1 – Sand, 2 – Shale, mud, 3 – Border Q-Tr, 4 – Lignite, 5 – Salt
Thickness : ~52,0m
~12 Mio. T/a
Area : ~66 km2
Overburden : thickness of the coal seam: 2,6:12032-2040
Glacierfolded theCoal Seams
Petroleum and natural gas
1853 pharmacist Ignacy Łukasiewicz switched on the first oil lamp in a hospital in Lvov (this city is in Ukraine now, till the World War Ist it was in the Galician province of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire)
Enter to energy security
37 000 km², , 12% area
US Department of Energy (2011) estimated shale gas reserves ~22,45 bln m³ (10¹²)
5,3 bln m³ possible
Polish Geological Institute PIG – PIB (2014)
Estimated reserves 346-768 mld m³