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Ag. C u. Industrial process: mining, processing - flotation, smelting - electrolysis Cu, Ag. Seismic hazards in Poland very low, but sometimes „induced seismicity” Last : 19 march 2013 Copper mine area: LUBIN. Zinc minerals in such a form are present nearly exclusively in Silesi a.

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Ag

Cu

Industrial process: mining, processing - flotation, smelting - electrolysis Cu, Ag


Seismic hazards in Poland very low,

but sometimes „induced seismicity”

Last : 19 march 2013

Copper minearea: LUBIN


Zinc minerals in such a form are present nearly exclusively in Silesia

Zinc and lead ore

Zincblende


Triass in Silesiic sediments : dolomite

Zinc and lead ore : massive-, breccia, impregnation~ 3% Zn,< 2% Pb

Minerals : galena PbS, sphalerite ZnS, marcasite FeS2

depth : ~ 250m( 90 - 100m)

Thichness ore bodies :cm – several m

WATER INFLOW TO MINES

30 m³/min.It is necessary to pump out significant amounts of underground waters


A lithological profile of the deposit area indicates the fact that the Triassic dolomites – shally limestone, are mineralized

The deposit is at the depth of 200 – 300 metres.

Lead and zinc minerals contain some amounts of Ag, Cd, Tl.


underground melting (Frash) fact that the Triassic dolomiteshole exploatation

Sulphur


Terti fact that the Triassic dolomitesary limestones : 19-27 % S

opencast mining (in the past)


Rock salt fact that the Triassic dolomites

in salt dome


fact that the Triassic dolomites Cu

4 salt cyclothems Z1-Z4 located in the roof of copper deposit


Lignite fact that the Triassic dolomites

Miocene

Opencast


3 fact that the Triassic dolomites

1

today

2


Bełchatów fact that the Triassic dolomiteslignite deposit

Power station - 4 320 MW

Resources ~ 2 mld tare enough for 2032

production 38,5 Mio. t/a

overburden100-120 mln m³/r

water 190 Mln. t/a

Thickness: ~55 m (100 m)

Pola górnicze: "Bełchatów", "Szczerców" i "Kamieńsk„mine field.


Cross section Bełchatow. fact that the Triassic dolomites

1 – Sand, 2 – Shale, mud, 3 – Border Q-Tr, 4 – Lignite, 5 – Salt


Landfill fact that the Triassic dolomitesreclamation


Turoszów lignite deposit fact that the Triassic dolomites

Thickness : ~52,0m

~12 Mio. T/a

Area : ~66 km2

Overburden : thickness of the coal seam: 2,6:12032-2040


SIENIAWA underground lignite mine fact that the Triassic dolomites

Glacierfolded theCoal Seams


Coal quality parameters fact that the Triassic dolomites

Resources

Calorificvalue

Sulphur

Ash


Hydrocarbons fact that the Triassic dolomites

Petroleum and natural gas


1853 fact that the Triassic dolomitespharmacist Ignacy Łukasiewicz switched on the first oil lamp in a hospital in Lvov (this city is in Ukraine now, till the World War Ist it was in the Galician province of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire)


Gazprom fact that the Triassic dolomites

Enter to energy security


„ Shale belt in Poland „ fact that the Triassic dolomites

37 000 km², , 12% area


US Department of Energy (2011) fact that the Triassic dolomitesestimated shale gas reserves ~22,45 bln m³ (10¹²)

5,3 bln m³ possible

Polish Geological Institute PIG – PIB (2014)

Estimated reserves 346-768 mld m³

(109)


Bituminuos (hard) coal in Poland fact that the Triassic dolomites


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