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Ag. C u. Industrial process: mining, processing - flotation, smelting - electrolysis Cu, Ag. Seismic hazards in Poland very low, but sometimes „induced seismicity” Last : 19 march 2013 Copper mine area: LUBIN. Zinc minerals in such a form are present nearly exclusively in Silesi a.

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Presentation Transcript
slide3

Ag

Cu

Industrial process: mining, processing - flotation, smelting - electrolysis Cu, Ag

slide4

Seismic hazards in Poland very low,

but sometimes „induced seismicity”

Last : 19 march 2013

Copper minearea: LUBIN

slide6

Triassic sediments : dolomite

Zinc and lead ore : massive-, breccia, impregnation~ 3% Zn,< 2% Pb

Minerals : galena PbS, sphalerite ZnS, marcasite FeS2

depth : ~ 250m( 90 - 100m)

Thichness ore bodies :cm – several m

WATER INFLOW TO MINES

30 m³/min.It is necessary to pump out significant amounts of underground waters

slide7

A lithological profile of the deposit area indicates the fact that the Triassic dolomites – shally limestone, are mineralized

The deposit is at the depth of 200 – 300 metres.

Lead and zinc minerals contain some amounts of Ag, Cd, Tl.

slide10

Tertiary limestones : 19-27 % S

opencast mining (in the past)

slide11

Rock salt

in salt dome

slide13

⇦ Cu

4 salt cyclothems Z1-Z4 located in the roof of copper deposit

slide14

Lignite

Miocene

Opencast

slide15

3

1

today

2

slide16

Bełchatówlignite deposit

Power station - 4 320 MW

Resources ~ 2 mld tare enough for 2032

production 38,5 Mio. t/a

overburden100-120 mln m³/r

water 190 Mln. t/a

Thickness: ~55 m (100 m)

Pola górnicze: "Bełchatów", "Szczerców" i "Kamieńsk„mine field.

slide17

Cross section Bełchatow.

1 – Sand, 2 – Shale, mud, 3 – Border Q-Tr, 4 – Lignite, 5 – Salt

slide20

Turoszów lignite deposit

Thickness : ~52,0m

~12 Mio. T/a

Area : ~66 km2

Overburden : thickness of the coal seam: 2,6:12032-2040

slide22

SIENIAWA underground lignite mine

Glacierfolded theCoal Seams

slide23

Coal quality parameters

Resources

Calorificvalue

Sulphur

Ash

slide24

Hydrocarbons

Petroleum and natural gas

slide26

1853 pharmacist Ignacy Łukasiewicz switched on the first oil lamp in a hospital in Lvov (this city is in Ukraine now, till the World War Ist it was in the Galician province of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire)

slide33

Gazprom

Enter to energy security

slide34

„ Shale belt in Poland „

37 000 km², , 12% area

slide35

US Department of Energy (2011) estimated shale gas reserves ~22,45 bln m³ (10¹²)

5,3 bln m³ possible

Polish Geological Institute PIG – PIB (2014)

Estimated reserves 346-768 mld m³

(109)

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