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Changes in Cities and Culture. Chapter 10, Sections 2 & 3. America Becomes a Nation of Cities. What term was created to describe the last few decades of the nineteenth century? Who came up with this term? The Gilded Age; Mark Twain; A rotten core covered with gold paint.

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Changes in cities and culture

Changes in Cities and Culture

Chapter 10, Sections 2 & 3


America becomes a nation of cities
America Becomes a Nation of Cities

  • What term was created to describe the last few decades of the nineteenth century? Who came up with this term?

  • The Gilded Age;

  • Mark Twain;

  • A rotten core covered with gold paint.


America becomes a nation of cities1
America Becomes a Nation of Cities

  • What advantages did cities offer?

  • Opportunities in manufacturing for women;

  • Jobs for immigrants;

  • Hope for better wages

  • What other type of migration took pace during this time period?

  • Rural-to-urban migration= from farm to factory.


Technology improves city life
Technology Improves City Life

  • How did skyscrapers improve city life?

  • Could provide for more people in same amount of space.

  • Elisha Otis= invented the safety brake used in elevators.

  • How did electricity change city transportation?

  • Electric powered mass transit used to carry large numbers of people;

  • Less reliance on coal.


Technology improves city life1
Technology Improves City Life

  • What was the job of a city planner? What was the biggest city planning project of the nineteenth century?

  • Keep cities functional and ‘pretty’ even with large #s of people;

  • 1893 World’s Columbian Exhibition designed by Frederick Law Olmsted.


Urban living creates problems
Urban Living Creates Problems

  • Why did immigrants live in such horrible conditions?

  • Tenement= low-cost multi-family housing designed to fit as many people as possible.

  • Needed to live close to factories because they couldn’t afford mass transit.

  • What problems arose in cities from the population explosion?

  • Poor sanitation and water;

  • High crime rates and conflict.


Americans become consumers
Americans Become Consumers

  • How did the change in work lead to a change in purchasing patterns?

  • Workers were able to save up their wages, so they could spend more greater disposable income!


Americans become consumers1
Americans Become Consumers

  • What new tool emerged to attract customers? How did it reflect standard of living?

  • Advertising;

  • As the overall standard of living improved, people felt comfortable spending more.


Mass culture
Mass Culture

  • Identify the changes that occurred in the following areas of mass culture:

  • Newspaper

  • Joseph Pulitzer= World and Evening World publisher.

  • William Randolph Hearst= Morning Journal

  • Both believed that newspapers should inform and stir up controversy sensationalist


Mass culture1
Mass Culture

  • Literature

  • Authors took a critical look at society and its problems.

  • Horatio Alger and other authors wrote about characters who succeeded with hard work.

  • Education

  • Changes in curriculum to encourage students to take specialized courses;

  • Specialized courses in college, too.


New forms of popular entertainment
New Forms of Popular Entertainment

  • What new forms of entertainment emerged at the turn of the twentieth century?

  • Amusement parks;

  • Buffalo Bill’s Wild West show

  • Vaudeville shows musical dramas;

  • Spectator sports like baseball and boxing.


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