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Centre for Aerospace Research of the Earth: Modern State of the Research. WGISS Workshop, Kiev, September 2005. Centre for Aerospace Research of the Earth ( National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine ) Address: 55-b, O.Honchar str., Kiev, 01601, Ukraine

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Centre for Aerospace Research of the Earth:

Modern State of the Research

WGISS Workshop, Kiev, September 2005

Centre for Aerospace Research of the Earth ( National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine )

Address: 55-b, O.Honchar str., Kiev, 01601, Ukraine

Phone/fax: (+38 044) 486 9405; (+38 044) 486 1148

E-mail: [email protected] URL: www.casre.kiev.ua

CASRE


General Facts

Centre for Aerospace Research of the Earth (CASRE) was established in 1992 according to the Decree of Presidium of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine as a legal entity at Institute of Geological Sciences of Ukraine.

To present time the Centre staff is about one hundred of employees, including 2 Corresponding Members of NAS of Ukraine, 3 Professors and 31 PhDs. The structure of CASRE consists of 5 Departments. CASRE Director is Vadym I. Lyalko, Corresponding Member of NAS.

The Centre is specialized on remote sensing (RS) data acquisition and thematic interpretation, focusing on processing of air- and spaceborn images, and  preparation of geoinformation products as well.

The Centre is authorized by NAS of Ukraine and National Space Agency of Ukraine as a leading organization for integrated development of remote sensing scientific and methodical basics to survey natural resources  and monitor the environment.

CASRE is a first scientific organization in Ukraine that joined European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories (EARSeL). The Centre develops international contacts with European Space Agency (ESA), Space Agenices of Germany (DARA-DLR), France (CNES), International Institute for Applied System Analysis (IIASA), and many other institutions and organizations abroad.



Key Research Directions

Study of Climatic, Socio-economic and Ecosystems Changes

Modeling and calculation changes scenarios;

Evaluation of the ecosystems evolution and carbon fluxes assessment;

Natural disasters escalations analysis and forecasting in the context of global changes.

Environmental Monitoring

Crops yield inventory and forecasting;

Forecasting and Control of hydrological and hydro-meteorological hazards;

Investigation of the urban agglomerations (dynamics of cities growth and anthropogenic burden on the environment);

Evaluate territories contaminated with heavy metals, radionuclides, pesticides and other toxicants.

Natural Resources Monitoring

Geological structure mapping;

Assessment of the petroleum potential of marine shelves;

Forests phyto-sanitary and fire risk assessment.

Systems Analysis for the Earth Observation Strategies optimization

Optimal requirements to a multi-task platform onboard instrumentation sets for remote sensing;

Efficiency evaluation of remote sensing onboard sensors and receiving stations.

GIS Application for Satellite Data Processing


Results: Resources Monitoring

Satellite based technique for petroleum prospecting on the marine shelves



Results: Climate Change in Europe

Climate Model

Forecasting average annual temperature (to 1,5 – 2 C) and precipitation increase (to 10%) in some European countries to the middle of XXI century

The model is composed of three non-linear equations, which describe the dynamics of temperature and water of the Earth and the equation river dynamics:

Air temperature:

Holard:

River flow:

Transformation of the Natural Zones

under the Further Global Warming at the Different Levels for the Ukrainian Area in 2005

a

b

Predictable warming: a – 1.0-1.5C; b – 2.0-2.5C

Conventional sings: 1 – semi-desert; 2 – steppe; 3 – forest-steppe; 4 – forest


International Activity: Programs

Northern Eurasia Earth Science Partnership Initiative (NEESPI)

Land use and land cover changes (LUC) at IIASA

Forestry (FOR) at IIASA

Risk, Modeling and Society (RMS) at IIASA

Bilateral Ukraine – Hungary Scientific Cooperation Program (Flood Risks Assessment in Tisza River Basin)

Global Monitoring for Environment of Security (GMES)

Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS)


International Activity: Partners

United States Geological Survey (USGS)

National Aerospace Agency (NASA)

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Environmental Research Institute of Michigan (ERIM)

German Aero-Space Center (DARA-DLR)

European Space Agency / European Space Research Institute of European Space Agency (ESA/ESRIN)

Centre of National Space Research of France (CNES)

International Academy of Astronautics (IAA)

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

Hungarian Geological Survey, Geological Institute of Hungary (MAFI)

Russian Aviation and Space Agency (Rosaviacosmos)

Space Research Institute of Russia (IKI)

Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Sciences


Attainments

Since 1992 CASRE staff authored more than 300 scientific papers, 4 monographs, 8 handbooks & dictionaries, and 4 atlases.

During last 3 years CASRE scientists have patented 5 inventions, techniques and methods.

Specialized Scientific Council D 26.162.03 at Centre for Aerospace Research of the Earth, Institute of Geological Sciences of Ukraine, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, is authorized to be receivable and conduct defense of dissertations in candidacy for a Doctor of Sciences degree in 05.07.12 speciality "Aerospace Remote Sensing" (physical, mathematical, geological, and  engineering sciences) and has been established according to Decree #579  of High Certification Board on November 29, 2001.

The scientific and training workshops and seminars are organizing on the base of Scientific Council of CASRE.



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