Finnish experiences of eu and emu
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Finnish experiences of EU and EMU. The annual meeting of The Icelandic Travel Industry Association Reykjavik 2.4.2003. Competences of EU and national decision making. Common areas Common markets Common agricultural policy Economic and Monetary Union

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Finnish experiences of eu and emu

Finnish experiences of EU and EMU

  • The annual meeting of The Icelandic Travel Industry Association

  • Reykjavik 2.4.2003


Competences of eu and national decision making

Competences of EU and national decision making

  • Common areas

  • Common markets

  • Common agricultural policy

  • Economic and Monetary Union

  • Harmonised VAT and excise taxes

  • National areas

  • Taxation, level and structure

  • Social security and social policy

  • Size of the public sector

  • Structure of public spending

  • Reykjavik 2.4.2003


Fiscal relations between eu and member states

Fiscal relations between EU and Member States

  • EU’s expenditure 1,09% of Member States’ total GDP (255,2 euros per inhabitant)

  • 80% of total expenditure is used to the common agricultural policy (45%) and structural and regional programs (34%)

  • About one half of the total income is based on VAT and customs duties, another half on GDP

  • Finland’s contributions and revenues at about the same level

  • Reykjavik 2.4.2003


Price developments during the eu membership

Price developments during the EU membership

  • Medium term inflation target of the ECB under 2% per annum

  • Finnish consumer price index +2,2% p.a. in 1999 - 2002

  • Food prices down by about 10% in 1995 due to the common agricultiral policy

  • As of 2004 import limits of alkoholic beverages are widened substantially (spirits 10 litres, wines 90 litres, beer 110 litres)

  • Reykjavik 2.4.2003


Economic and monetary union

Economic and Monetary Union

  • Common monetary policy

  • ECB and ESCB aiming at price stability

  • Stability and Growth Pact

  • Aiming at sustainable public finances, limits to deficits, limits to public debt, convergence criteria for ”outs”

  • Policy coordination

  • Broad Economic Policy Guidelines

  • Convergence Programs

  • Pre Accession Economic Programs

  • Structural Policies

  • Reykjavik 2.4.2003


Main argumets for joining the monetary union

Main argumets for joining the Monetary Union

  • Economic efficiency

  • enhances competition

  • creates more investments and more jobs

  • widens the markets for SMEs

  • Macro economic stability

  • low inflation

  • stable and low interest rates

  • no exchange rate risk between euro area countries

  • Decision making

  • opportunity to participate in the formulation of economic policy in Europe

  • Reykjavik 2.4.2003


National economic policy in the monetary union

National economic policy in the Monetary Union

  • Exchange rate is not any more a domestic issue

  • Too high inflation detorriorates the price competitiveness and it cannot be restored by depreciation of exchange rate

  • Labour markets and wage formation in important role in formulating economic development

  • Asymmetric shocks have to be neutralized by strong balance sheets of enterprises and by sustainable public finances

  • Reykjavik 2.4.2003


Practical preparations for the monetary union

Practical preparations for the Monetary Union

  • Started in 1996, coordinating responsibility on the Ministry of finance

  • 1.1.1999 the new currency was born

  • monetary policy in euro

  • euro area wide capital and money markets in euro

  • single currency, single interest rate

  • 1.1.2002 introduction of notes and coins

  • consumers in euro

  • conversion of ATM:s in 4 days

  • change in euro in 4 days

  • cash payments in euro in two weeks

  • Reykjavik 2.4.2003


Macro economic developments in finland in 1995 2002

Macro economic developments in Finland in 1995-2002

  • Average GDP growth 3,8 % p.a.

  • Employment rate from 61,1% to 67,7%

  • Unemployment rate from 15,4% to 9,1%

  • Consumer price index 1,6% p.a.

  • Long term interest rate (governement 10 year bond) from 8,8% to 5,0% (latest figure 3,95%)

  • Public sector’s annual surplus from -3,9% to +4,7%

  • Public sector’s debt from 57,1% to 42,7%

  • Reykjavik 2.4.2003


Monetary union and firms

Monetary Union and firms

  • Improved money- and capital market services

  • Abolition of exchange rate risk inside the euro area. Euro area like ”home market”

  • Easier accounting, easier cash management

  • Reykjavik 2.4.2003


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