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A DEVELOPING USER-ORIENTED DATABASE FOR PESTICIDES. Fengyou Jia 1,2 , Sonny Ramaswamy Gamage Dissanayake 3. [email protected] 1 Department of Entomology, Kansas State University 2 Department of Computing and Information Sciences, KSU 3 Department of Communications – IET, Kansas State University

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A DEVELOPING USER-ORIENTED DATABASE FOR PESTICIDES

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A developing user oriented database for pesticides

A DEVELOPING USER-ORIENTED DATABASE FOR PESTICIDES

Fengyou Jia1,2, Sonny Ramaswamy

Gamage Dissanayake3

[email protected]

1Department of Entomology, Kansas State University

2Department of Computing and Information Sciences, KSU

3Department of Communications – IET, Kansas State University

Manhattan, KS 66506, USA


As you know

As You Know:

Pesticide application is one of the important practices in agricultural production.


Pesticide usage in kansas state usa

Pesticide Usage In Kansas State, USA

6,136 Pests (insects, weeds, and plant diseases, …) in Kansas by 10/30/03

15,283 Pesticides (Products) registered in Kansas by 10/30/03.

Source: http://nspirs.ceris.purdue.edu/htbin/PRLIST.COM


Pesticide usage in kansas usa

Pesticide Usage In Kansas (USA)

  • On average, it costs a farmer $10,000 annually in pest control in Kansas

  • 34,979 Farmers (Full time) in Kansas by 1997

  • Multi-million dollars spent annually in pest control in Kansas

  • Growing business?


Paradox in plant protection

Paradox in plant protection

  • Applying pesticides, people can survive better from current pest stresses, but, at the unfortunate cost of

  • Deteriorating the environment we live

    Human may achieve a better quality living in sacrificing their descendant life


Why should we care about environment

Why should we care about Environment?

Critical point

Number of poaple are deaf of heat waves

Extreme temperature

Time

50 Years?

100 Years?

1000 Years?

Current

Future


Advantages and disadvantages

Advantages and disadvantages

  • Benefits

    ……

  • Problems

  • Is toxic to humans and domesticated animals

  • Kill non-targeted organisms

  • Disrupt eco-systems

  • Pollute the environment

  • ……


Pesticide residuals in apple

Pesticide Residuals In Apple

1) Combination effect??; 2) Interaction among pesticides??

Source: http://apps1.fao.org/servlet/org.fao.waicent.codex.PesticideServlet


Special warning

Special warning

Tumor related

Alachor

Aldrin

amitraz

arsenic

arsenic acid

captafol

chlordane

chlordimeform

diclofop-methyl

EDB

formaldehyde

heptachlor

lindane

linuron

pentachlorophenol

pronamide

telone

TPTH

Birth defect related

Brodifacoum

Bromadiolone

Chlorophacinone

Cyanazine

Dinocap

Diphacinone

Pindone

Warfarin


To reduce and mitigate the negative influence of pesticides

To reduce and mitigate the negative influence of pesticides

  • Cultural practices

  • Biological controls

  • Genetic modified crops

  • ……

  • One easy way is to select relative safe pesticides in pest control


Lack of sophisticate tools

Lack of sophisticate tools

To support the pesticides selection in pest management programs

A query:

Suppose a user intends to control ants around his house. Considering safety, the user prefers the pesticide products that have low toxicity to humans and animals because the applied sites are so close to the house-member and domesticated animals. The user may be an environmental conservator and expects the desired pesticide products having low toxicity to birds and other small invertebrates. Additionally, the user may expect the pesticides have a short persistent period in the soil.


Research objective

Research Objective

To design a user-oriented pesticide safety consultant system (tool) in guidance of pesticide selection and application in pest management program.

Ultimately, we expect this consultant system would assist to reduce or minimize the use of certain pesticides that commit high hazardous potentials to humans, domestic animals, ecosystems, and the environment.


Potential users

Potential Users

Farmers

Growers

Extension Professions

Government Agencies (e. g., EPA)

Universities

Private Consultants


Rationality fundamental basis to support our objective

Rationality(Fundamental basis to support our objective)

Pesticides vary not only with target pests but with hazardous potentials to humans, ecosystems, and the environment as well.


Relative toxicity of pesticide to humans

Relative toxicity of pesticide to humans

PesticideTrade NameAcute Oral (Common name) LD50 Rats (mg/kg)

------------------------------------------------------------------------

Aldicarb Temik1

Trichlorfon Dylox150

Methoxychlor Marlate6000


A developing user oriented database for pesticides

DT50 (Time required for 50% dissipation of the initial concentration of pesticide following application)

PesticideTrade NameDT50 (Common name) (in soil)

------------------------------------------------------------------------

Validamycin*<=5 hrs

Oxadixyl *2-3 months

Fenarimol *>1 year


Plp pesticide leach potential

PLP  (Pesticide Leach Potential)

PesticideTrade NamePLP(Common name) (index)

------------------------------------------------------------------

MepiquatPix1

DaminozideAlar50

DalaponDowpon87


Project design

Project design (Pesticide Safety Consultant System)

Project Design

Pesticide

Database

Query

Inputting

Query

Returning

Pesticide Safety

Consultant

System (PSCS)

Inputs

Outputs

Querying

Results

User


A developing user oriented database for pesticides

Domain Conceptual Model

Crop

grow

People

produce

consume

have

Food

drink

apply

Diseases

infest

Water

reside

Pesticide

products

Cause?

pollute

Pests

contain

control

Ingredients

carry

Hazards


A developing user oriented database for pesticides

Object Model

(PSCS)

EPA

represent

mamtoxicity

WHO

represent

Include

FISH

represent

Include

Pesticide

products

Hazards

Ecotoxicity

BIRD

carry

represent

contain

BEE

represent

Include

Ingredients

control

Pests

represent

Environment

_hazard

DT50

represent

FD50

represent

PLP


A developing user oriented database for pesticides

ER Diagram for PSCS (Pesticide Safety Consultant System )

FORMULATION

PRODUCT_NO

MANUFACTURE

Label

PESTICIDE_EPA_NO

n

1

Contain

(ingredients)

PESTICIDE_PRODUCT

n

PESTICIDE_NAME

Control

REGISTERED_STATE

RESTRICTED_STATE

n

Pest_album

Pest

Ing_EPA_no

Pest_description

Pest_EPA_no

Pest_group

Pest_name

multiple-valued attributes.


A developing user oriented database for pesticides

ER Diagram for PSCS (cont.)

ING_EPA_NO

Ingredient_proportion

Ingredient_name

WHO

Product_no

1

Mamtoxicity

Ing_EPA_no

EPA

Mam_effect

CANCER_BIRTH_DEFECT

1

1

Ingredient

ING_EPA_NO

1

Mode_action

Eco_effect

1

HONEY BEE

Ecotoxicity

Env_effect

n

BIRD

FISH

1

Environment__hazard

PLP

ING_EPA_NO

DT50

FD50

Soil Half_life

Field dissipation Half_life

multiple-valued attributes.


A developing user oriented database for pesticides

Demo

http://www.oznet.ksu.edu/pesticidedatabase/main.asp


A developing user oriented database for pesticides

Step 1

http://www.oznet.ksu.edu/pesticidedatabase/main.asp


A developing user oriented database for pesticides

Step 1a


A developing user oriented database for pesticides

Step 2


A developing user oriented database for pesticides

Step 2a


A developing user oriented database for pesticides

Step 3


A developing user oriented database for pesticides

Step 4


Thanks

Thanks

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