Poetry terminology
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Poetry Terminology. Presented by: Mrs. Tenney. TERMS. Alliteration Assonance Hyperbole Imagery Irony Metaphor. Personification Onomatopoeia Oxymoron Repetition Rhyme Simile. RESOURCES. MORE INFO. Meet the Presenter. Mrs. Tenney 6 th year at KAHS

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Poetry Terminology

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Poetry Terminology

Presented by: Mrs. Tenney


  • Alliteration

  • Assonance

  • Hyperbole

  • Imagery

  • Irony

  • Metaphor

  • Personification

  • Onomatopoeia

  • Oxymoron

  • Repetition

  • Rhyme

  • Simile



Meet the Presenter

  • Mrs. Tenney

  • 6th year at KAHS

  • Enjoys reading and writing poetry!


  • Academy of American Poets Website

    • http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/17105

  • Multimedia Resources

    • http://magnussonllc.wordpress.com/2009/08/10/pimp-my-presentation-alliterations/

    • Microsoft Office Clipart Galley


  • Repetition of the same, initial consonant sounds

  • EXAMPLES: Soft Sighing of

    the Sea


  • The repetition of the vowel sounds followed by different consonants in two or more stressed syllables.

  • EXAMPLE: As high as a kite in a bright sky


  • A bold, deliberate overstatement not intended to be taken seriously. The purpose is to emphasize the truth of the statement.

  • EXAMPLES: He weighs a ton, I could eat a horse


  • Usually these words or phrases create a picture in the reader’s mind. Some imagery appeals to the other four senses (hearing, touch, taste, smell).


    • Sight – smoke mysteriously puffed our from his ears

    • Sound – he could hear a faint but distant thump

    • Touch – the burlap wall covering scraped his skin

    • Taste – a salty tear ran down his cheek

    • Smell – the scent of cinnamon floated into his nostrils


  • The general name given to the literary techniques that involve differences between appearance and reality, expectations and result, or meaning and intention.


    • It was ironic that the police station was robbed.

    • It was ironic that the Olympic swimmer drowned in the bathtub.

    • It was ironic that the soldier survived the war and then was shot on his own front porch after returning home safely.


  • A figure of speech in which one thing is spoken as though it were something else, a direct comparison of two unlike things.

  • EXAMPLE: It is raining cats and dogs


  • Figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics

  • EXAMPLE: The wind spoke her name


  • The use of words that imitate sounds.

  • Buzz, Thud, Hiss, Woof, Quack


  • The junction of words which, at first view, seem to be contradictory, but surprisingly this contradictions expresses a truth or dramatic effect.

  • EXAMPLES: Pretty ugly, Icy hot


  • The use, more than once, of any element of language – a sound, a word, a phrase, a clause, or a sentence.

  • EXAMPLE: By Edgar Allan Poe

    By the sinking or the swelling in the anger of the bells

    Of the bells

    Of the bells, bells, bells, bells


  • Word endings that sounds alike

  • Internal Rhyme – rhyme within a line

  • EXAMPLES: Time, Slime, Mime

  • Internal Rhyme – Scornfully scaly snake which held his very fate


  • A comparison using like or as.

  • EXAMPLES: As brave as a lion, As dumb as an ox


If you’d like to learn more about poetry terms, please refer to Mrs. Tenney’s Moodle page. The website is:


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